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Production technology to achieve low Cost and Highly Efficient phOtovoltaic Perovskite Solar cells

Deliverables

Quality & Best Practice Manual (QBPM)

This covers the quality management related to both the project implementation and the technological developments. (Task 6.6)

Risk assessment and mitigation strategy

Report describing the risk assessment of the PK technology, including the methodologies and final results, as well as the refined risk mitigation strategy. (Task 3.3)

Second Industry Workshop

Second Industry Workshop for presenting the CHEOPS technologies to the Industrial Advisory Board members (Task 5.3)

Semi-transparent (> 40% transparency) mini-module with 10% stabilised aperture area efficiency on 20cm x 30cm

The deliverable comprises the mini-module with efficiency determined following the established protocol, as well as a brief report documenting the production of the mini-module and the measurements (Task 2.4).

Roadmap for future developments of the PK technology

Report describing the refined future development roadmap, including a description of the process of elaboration of the roadmap. (Task 3.5)

Socio-economic analysis of CHEOPS technologies and benchmarking

Report describing the socio economic analysis, including the methodologies, data bases and assumptions used as well as the results for both the single junction as well as the PK/c-Si SHJ tandem devices. (Task 3.4)

Report on best encapsulation processes compatible with perovskite PV technology

The report will document the activities and results of Task 2.2 and will present a recommendation for current best process for encapsulation process (Task 2.2).

Best practice recommendations and contribution to standards

This deliverable comprises the actual delivery of recommendations to the relevant stakeholders and contributions to standardisation committees. In addition, the deliverable report will summarise the approach taken. (Task 5.5)

Life Cycle Analysis of CHEOPS technologies and benchmarking: Screening

Report describing the resource efficiency analysis, including the methodology, data basis and assumptions used as well as the results for both the single junction as well as the PK/c-Si SHJ tandem devices. (Task 3.2)

Report on process flow for small scale single junction device production

The report provides a summary and synthesis of the activities and results of Tasks 1.1-1.4 in terms of the currently best process flow (Tasks 1.1 - 1.4)

Data Management Plan (DMP)

This covers the use and maintenance of all data generated in this project and is binding for all partners. (Task 6.3)

Report on monitoring competing research developments

The deliverable report describes the approach taken for the monitoring as well as the results and conclusions drawn for own future activities (Task 5.4)

First Industry Workshop

First Industry Workshop for presenting the CHEOPS technologies to the Industrial Advisory Board members. (Task 5.3)

Report on measurement and stability testing protocols

The report will document the activities carried out in Task 2.1 and the results obtained and will present a recommendation for best practice in terms of measurement and stability testing protocols (Task 2.1).

Life Cycle Analysis of CHEOPS technologies and benchmarking: Final assessment

Report describing the resource efficiency analysis, including the methodology, data basis and assumptions used as well as the results for both the single junction as well as the PK/c-Si SHJ tandem devices. (Task 3.2)

Report on complete optimised process flow for high stable efficiency single junction module production implemented at pilot line

The report provides a summary and synthesis of the activities and results of Tasks 2.1-2.4 in terms of the currently best process flow (Tasks 2.1 - 2.4).

A 5x5 cm2 module with an initial active area efficiency of 12% (10% stable)

In addition to the module with stable efficiency confirmed using measurement protocols developed in T2.1.3, the deliverable also comprises a brief report documenting the production process and the measurements carried out. (Tasks 1.1 - 1.4)

15x15 cm2 device with stabilised aperture area efficiency of 14% and report on required process flow

The deliverable comprises the device with efficiency confirmed by measurement protocols developed in T2.1.3 as well as a brief report documenting the activities and results of Task 2.3 (Task 2.3).

A 10x10 cm2 module with an initial active area efficiency of 15% (12% stable)

In addition to the module with stable efficiency confirmed using measurement protocols developed in T2.1.3, the deliverable also comprises a brief report documenting the production process and the measurements carried out. (Tasks 1.1 - 1.4)

2x2 cm2 PK/silicon tandem solar cell with a Voc >1.84 V, a Jsc >19 mA/cm2 and a FF >83% corresponding to an efficiency >29%

The deliverable comprises both the tandem cell as well as an expanded version of the D4.4 report with updates on the activities carried out in Task 4.3 in the final year of the project. (Task 4.3)

Lead free PK lab scale cell with a stable efficiency of 15% on active area of 1cm2

The deliverable comprises the lab scale cell with its stable efficiency confirmed by an independent certified laboratory. In addition it comprises a brief report summarising the research and development and the measurements carried out. (Task 1.5)

26% PK/silicon tandem solar cell with 1 cm2 area

The deliverable comprises both the tandem cell as well as a brief report summarising the activities in Task 4.3 and documenting the efficiency measurements. (Task 4.3)

Demonstration of improved processes for charge transport layer and PK film deposition leading to an increased Voc of 5% and an increased FF by 2% absolute with a PK layer homogeneity leading to LBIC map variation smaller than 5% on a 5x5 cm2 surface

Demonstration of improved processes for charge transport layer and PK film deposition leading to an increased Voc of 5% and an increased FF by 2% absolute with a PK layer homogeneity leading to Laser beam Induced Current (LBIC) map variation, on a 5x5 cm2 surface, smaller than 5%. (Tasks 1.1 & Task 1.2)

Low-temperature PK process with 16% efficiency on lab scale

Low-temperature PK process with 16% efficiency on lab scale measured following the protocol developed in T2.1.3. Report summarising the activities in Task 4.2 during the first year of the project and describing the resulting process. (Task 4.2)

Demonstration of patterning processes allowing to achieve death area width < 500 µm

The patterning process will be demonstrated on devices with an area of 5x5 cm2 and death area width will be determined via SEM or optical microscope. (Task 1.4)

Demonstration of improved front electrode opto-electrical and morphologic properties leading to a 1 mA/cm2 current gain

Demonstration of improved front electrode opto-electrical and morphologic properties. The layer properties as defined in Task 1.3 above (total transmittance > 85%, sheet resistance <10 Ω/□ and surface roughness < 30 nm) will be confirmed by standard measurement protocols on samples of 1cm2. The improved front electrode opto-electrical and morphological properties lead to at least a 1mA/cm2 photo-generated current gain for single junction devices. The deliverable also comprises a brief report documenting the research and development carried out in Task 1.3 (Task 1.3)

CHEOPS website

The deliverable comprises the actual CHEOPS website with target group specific information being available online as well as a brief report summarising the website development and documenting technical specifications required for future further development and expansion of the website. (Task 5.2)

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Publications

Roll to roll atmospheric pressure plasma enhanced CVD of titania as a step towards the realisation of large area perovskite solar cell technology

Author(s): J. L. Hodgkinson, H. M. Yates, A. Walter, D. Sacchetto, S.-J. Moon, S. Nicolay
Published in: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Issue 6/8, 2018, Page(s) 1988-1995, ISSN 2050-7534
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC00110C

Efficient Near-Infrared-Transparent Perovskite Solar Cells Enabling Direct Comparison of 4-Terminal and Monolithic Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Cells

Author(s): Jérémie Werner, Loris Barraud, Arnaud Walter, Matthias Bräuninger, Florent Sahli, Davide Sacchetto, Nicolas Tétreault, Bertrand Paviet-Salomon, Soo-Jin Moon, Christophe Allebé, Matthieu Despeisse, Sylvain Nicolay, Stefaan De Wolf, Bjoern Niesen, Christophe Ballif
Published in: ACS Energy Letters, Issue 1/2, 2016, Page(s) 474-480, ISSN 2380-8195
DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00254

Zinc tin oxide as high-temperature stable recombination layer for mesoscopic perovskite/silicon monolithic tandem solar cells

Author(s): Jérémie Werner, Arnaud Walter, Esteban Rucavado, Soo-Jin Moon, Davide Sacchetto, Michael Rienaecker, Robby Peibst, Rolf Brendel, Xavier Niquille, Stefaan De Wolf, Philipp Löper, Monica Morales-Masis, Sylvain Nicolay, Bjoern Niesen, Christophe Ballif
Published in: Applied Physics Letters, Issue 109/23, 2016, Page(s) 233902, ISSN 0003-6951
DOI: 10.1063/1.4971361

Encapsulation for long-term stability enhancement of perovskite solar cells

Author(s): Fabio Matteocci, Lucio Cinà, Enrico Lamanna, Stefania Cacovich, Giorgio Divitini, Paul A. Midgley, Caterina Ducati, Aldo Di Carlo
Published in: Nano Energy, Issue 30, 2016, Page(s) 162-172, ISSN 2211-2855
DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.09.041

Laser-Patterning Engineering for Perovskite Solar Modules With 95% Aperture Ratio

Author(s): Alessandro Lorenzo Palma, Fabio Matteocci, Antonio Agresti, Sara Pescetelli, Emanuele Calabro, Luigi Vesce, Silke Christiansen, Michael Schmidt, Aldo Di Carlo
Published in: IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, Issue 7/6, 2017, Page(s) 1674-1680, ISSN 2156-3381
DOI: 10.1109/jphotov.2017.2732223

Atomic Layer Deposited Electron Transport Layers in Efficient Organometallic Halide Perovskite Devices

Author(s): Melissa M. McCarthy, Arnaud Walter, Soo-Jin Moon, Nakita K. Noel, Shane O’Brien, Martyn E. Pemble, Sylvain Nicolay, Bernard Wenger, Henry J. Snaith, Ian M. Povey
Published in: MRS Advances, Issue 3/51, 2018, Page(s) 3075-3084, ISSN 2059-8521
DOI: 10.1557/adv.2018.515

Surface-related properties of perovskite CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 thin films by aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition

Author(s): M. Afzaal, B. Salhi, A. Al-Ahmed, H. M. Yates, A. S. Hakeem
Published in: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Issue 5/33, 2017, Page(s) 8366-8370, ISSN 2050-7534
DOI: 10.1039/c7tc02968c

Optically tuned and large-grained bromine doped CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films via aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition

Author(s): Shreya Basak, Mohammad Afzaal, Heather M. Yates
Published in: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Issue 223, 2019, Page(s) 157-163, ISSN 0254-0584
DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2018.10.054

Closing the Cell-to-Module Efficiency Gap: A Fully Laser Scribed Perovskite Minimodule With 16% Steady-State Aperture Area Efficiency

Author(s): Arnaud Walter, Soo-Jin Moon, Brett A. Kamino, Linus Lofgren, Davide Sacchetto, Fabio Matteocci, Babak Taheri, Julien Bailat, Aldo Di Carlo, Christophe Ballif, Sylvain Nicolay
Published in: IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, Issue 8/1, 2018, Page(s) 151-155, ISSN 2156-3381
DOI: 10.1109/jphotov.2017.2765082

Enabling reliability assessments of pre-commercial perovskite photovoltaics with lessons learned from industrial standards

Author(s): Henry J. Snaith, Peter Hacke
Published in: Nature Energy, Issue 3/6, 2018, Page(s) 459-465, ISSN 2058-7546
DOI: 10.1038/s41560-018-0174-4

Present status and future prospects of perovskite photovoltaics

Author(s): Henry J. Snaith
Published in: Nature Materials, Issue 17/5, 2018, Page(s) 372-376, ISSN 1476-1122
DOI: 10.1038/s41563-018-0071-z

Fully textured monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells with 25.2% power conversion efficiency

Author(s): Florent Sahli, Jérémie Werner, Brett A. Kamino, Matthias Bräuninger, Raphaël Monnard, Bertrand Paviet-Salomon, Loris Barraud, Laura Ding, Juan J. Diaz Leon, Davide Sacchetto, Gianluca Cattaneo, Matthieu Despeisse, Mathieu Boccard, Sylvain Nicolay, Quentin Jeangros, Bjoern Niesen, Christophe Ballif
Published in: Nature Materials, Issue 17/9, 2018, Page(s) 820-826, ISSN 1476-1122
DOI: 10.1038/s41563-018-0115-4

Growth patterns and properties of aerosol-assisted chemical vapor deposition of CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 films in a single step

Author(s): Mohammad Afzaal, Heather M. Yates
Published in: Surface and Coatings Technology, Issue 321, 2017, Page(s) 336-340, ISSN 0257-8972
DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2017.05.011

Gold and iodine diffusion in large area perovskite solar cells under illumination

Author(s): S. Cacovich, L. Ciná, F. Matteocci, G. Divitini, P. A. Midgley, A. Di Carlo, C. Ducati
Published in: Nanoscale, Issue 9/14, 2017, Page(s) 4700-4706, ISSN 2040-3364
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR00784A