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ENabling Onshore CO2 Storage in Europe

Deliverables

Towards a strategic development plan for CO2 EOR in the Vienna Basin

The report describes a strategic implementation plan for CO2 EOR in the Vienna Basin (part of Task 6.5 in WP6). The potential drivers and barriers to the development of CO2 EOR in the region of Austria, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia will be evaluated. Based on existing data, estimates will be made on both the economic and environmental benefits for the region.

Uncertainty Quantification of capacity estimates: coherent framework & applications

Task 2.1 - Description of methods and a modelling strategy (framework) for uncertainty characterization (ranking of the different uncertainty sources (parametric, modelling, spatial uncertainty, and model errors) and quantification regarding capacity estimates. This will be supported by application on reservoir cases.

Short note summarizing knowledge integration workshop n°1

Each knowledge integration workshop would be summirised with a short note presenting main theme, workshop participants and key outcomes. The workshops summary notes would be made available on the project website.

Short note summarizing knowledge integration workshop n°2

Each knowledge integration workshop would be summirised with a short note presenting main theme, workshop participants and key outcomes. The workshops summary notes would be made available on the project website.

High resolution simulation to determine heterogeneity effects on storage estimates in fractured reservoirs

Task 2.1 The impact of permeable faults and (impermeable) granulation seams on reliable CO2 storage capacity estimates in faulted and complex reservoirs will be determined using INTERSECT high resolution reservoir tool.

Approaches to regulating CO2 with EHR in selected Member States

The report includes the results of Task 4.1.3 in WP4 and is directed to the regulatory assessment of several combinations of injection, buffering and HC production for the Netherlands, the UK and Denmark. The report will conclude with recommentdations for removing existing regulatory barriers.

Report on awareness raising course for journalists workshop and interactions with media – months 13-24

Task 8.4 - Report on short courses for journalists and media, an on enhancing scientist-journalist communication, leasons learnt

Report on awareness raising course for journalists workshop and interactions with media – months 25-36

Task 8.4 - Report on short courses for journalists and media, an on enhancing scientist-journalist communication, leasons learnt

Design & optimization of seismic monitoring network for induced seismicity management

The report describes the reliability, accuracy and sensitivity of the existing seismic monitoring network at Hontomin based on a detailed performance assessment, which will be performed in Task 1.2.2 of WP1 (TNO and CIUDEN). The assessment consists of two stages: conventional calibration using the recorded microseimic events and a detailed finite element data simulation enabling comparsion with the actual data. A subsequent Value-of-Information analysis will provide the comparison of different monitoring layouts and recommendations for future monitoring strategies.

CO2 Storage Best practice indications from the GeoEnergy TestBed site community

This report will illustrate the outcomes of the group work undertaken with local stakeholders and citizens of the GeoEnergy TestBed site. It will highlight their meaning for the development of CO2 Storage best practices (task 5.2.2)

Assessment of leakage risk presented by old boreholes at onshore site (case study report) (T3.2.4)

Task 3.2.4 Summary of what risks old boreholes present for unwanted CO2 migration/leakage through integration of modelling and field data for two sites

Annual publication summary report n°1

Task 7.3 A report summarising all publications by the project partners would be prepared and delivered every 12 months starting from the project start up date. The report should include references and a short summary of all publications. The report would be publically available on the ENOS project web site.

Report on awareness raising course for journalists workshop and interactions with media – months 1-12

Task 8.4 - Report on short courses for journalists and media, an on enhancing scientist-journalist communication, leason learnt

Presentation of the project’s technical content in lay terms

This deliverable relates to task 5.1.1. It will consist of a report or alternatively of another suitable instrument (for instance fact sheets, posters or a video) that allows facilitated communication of the scientific content of the project. It will illustrate the technical themes and technologies that ENOS aims to develop in terms as much as possible understandable for local population participants and in a form that is functional for the activities to be undertaken with them in task 2.

Smart Characterization

Task 2.2 Summary of efficient techniques for optimal data gathering for site characterisation with links to open source repository of computer scripts demonstrating the methodology

Study on new pilot and demonstration project opportunities in Europe

Task 6.3 - The study will contain description of a diverse portfolio of geological settings and EU regions with little CCS activity to date. Emphasis will be given to factors that have lead to a successful pilot or demonstration sites elsewhere, trying to explain why and where that success could be replicated. The most important factors are the geological setting and surface conditions such as vicinity/properties of CO2 sources, infrastructure etc.

CO2 Storage Best practice indications from Rotterdam area community

The report describes the results of the interaction with stakeholders in the Rotterdam area in Task 5.2.2 of WP5. The interaction follows two stages: in the first stage a panel of citizens will interact on the type of projects considered and in the 2nd stage stakeholders will repond to the input from the citizens. The possibilities for participatory monitoring will be explored.

Benchmarking studies on deep sampling

Task 1.3 - A report presenting the different geochemical monitoring techniques implemented at Hontomin to control the safety of CO2 storage

Monitoring system for an integrated CO2 buffer and permanent CO2 storage project

The report describes the results of Task 4.1.4 in WP4 on the design of a monitoring system for the mass balance of injected and produced CO2 streams, and permanently stored CO2 according to regulation for CO2 accounting.

Assessment of transboundary effects at LBr-1 and regulatory solutions

Task 4.2 Study on trans-boundary issues of the LBr-1 site, which is situated close to the Czech-Slovak border. It will include items such as national legislations, definition of the storage complex, assessment of CO2 storage pressure footprint, risk management and proposals for possible regulatory solutions. Regulatory solutions of the trans-boundary storage issues will be provided and recommendations for EU regulation will be defined.

Report on installation, with constantly updated data and threshold assessments

Two monitoring stations will be installed at key sites in Hontomin (close to observation wells), a third as reference site. Data will be cross-referenced against each other. Based on the detected annual/diurnal/other natural variations at the reference site, site specific threshold values of soil gas concentration changes will defined and reported.

Annual publication summary report n°2

Task 7.3 A report summarising all publications by the project partners would be prepared and delivered every 12 months starting from the project start up date. The report should include references and a short summary of all publications. The report would be publically available on the ENOS project web site.

1st report on European links, liaison and knowledge exchange

Task 5.2 - The report will present the international cooperation and knowledge exchange activities undertaken within the ENOS project during the first project period (months 0-24).

Results of OpenForum n°3

Task 8.3 - Report on the preparation for university cooperation to set the basis for a coordinated Master and post-graduate Master programmes on CO2 storage (development of a network of institutions and laboratories, and educational modules/lectures)

Newsletter 2

An annual newsletter will promote ENOS’ progress (task 7.3.3) among the technical community, policy makers, regulators and the public. The newsletter will be made available in both an electronic format on ENOS website and in printed form to be distributed at special events. The contents, structure and format of the newsletter will be developed by the newsletters editor CO2GeoNet-TTUGI jointly with the Scientific Editors.

Results of OpenForum n°1

The report from the 2016 open forum would be made available on specialised and ENOS web site as soon as the web platform is establishes.

E-book: Climate change and importance of CCS technology for decarbonisation of energy and industry

Task 8.2 - Report on the first experiences on e-learnings course for students and the civil society, and provision of e-learning materials on a web platform

E-book: Geoscience applied to geological storage of CO2

Task 8.2 - Report on the experiences on e-learnings course for students and the civil society, leasons learnt, and provision of e-learning materials on a web platform

Newsletter 1

An annual newsletter will promote ENOS’ progress (task 7.3.3) among the technical community, policy makers, regulators and the public. The newsletter will be made available in both an electronic format on ENOS website and in printed form to be distributed at special events. The contents, structure and format of the newsletter will be developed by the newsletters editor CO2GeoNet-TTUGI jointly with the Scientific Editors.

ENOS Spring School 1 on CO2 storage

Task 8.1 - Report on the training courses for young scientists on onshore CO2 geological storage and latest research, leasons learnt

Web-platform

The web platform including both internal (aimed at data and knowledge exchange for project partners) and external (aimed at dessimination and general public) should be established and filled in with general project information

Results of OpenForum n°2

This deliverable is related to task T 7.3.2. The most important results of the annual Open Forum will be reported, distributed as a pdf file to all the Open Forum attendees and made available through the project website in the form of an interactive e-brochure.

Newsletter 3

An annual newsletter will promote ENOS’ progress (task 7.3.3) among the technical community, policy makers, regulators and the public. The newsletter will be made available in both an electronic format on ENOS website and in printed form to be distributed at special events. The contents, structure and format of the newsletter will be developed by the newsletters editor CO2GeoNet-TTUGI jointly with the Scientific Editors.

ENOS Spring School 2 on CO2 storage

Task 8.1 - Report on the training courses for young scientists on onshore CO2 geological storage and latest research, leasons learnt

E-book: Regulatory and social aspects of CCS technology

Task 8.2 - Report on the experiences on e-learnings courses for students and the civil society, leasons learnt, and provision of e-learning materials on a web platform

Publications

Effect of geological heterogeneities on reservoir storage capacity and migration of CO2 plume in a deep saline fractured carbonate aquifer

Author(s): M. Adeel Sohal, Yann Le Gallo, Pascal Audigane, J. Carlos de Dios, Sean P. Rigby
Published in: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Issue 108, 2021, Page(s) 103306, ISSN 1750-5836
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2021.103306

Using near-surface atmospheric measurements as a proxy for quantifying field-scale soil gas flux

Author(s): Andrew Barkwith, Stan E. Beaubien, Thomas Barlow, Karen Kirk, Thomas R. Lister, Maria C. Tartarello, and Helen Taylor
Published in: Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, Issue 31 august 2020, 2020, ISSN 2193-0872
DOI: 10.5194/gi-2020-8

An active tectonic field for CO<sub>2</sub> storage management: the Hontomín onshore case study (Spain)

Author(s): Raúl Pérez-López, José F. Mediato, Miguel A. Rodríguez-Pascua, Jorge L. Giner-Robles, Adrià Ramos, Silvia Martín-Velázquez, Roberto Martínez-Orío, Paula Fernández-Canteli
Published in: Solid Earth, Issue 11/2, 2020, Page(s) 719-739, ISSN 1869-9529
DOI: 10.5194/se-11-719-2020

Developing, testing and demonstrating onshore storage of CO2: First results from the ENOS field sites

Author(s): Kris Piessens, Roman Berenblyum, Carlos de Dios, Vit Hladik, Mariëlle Koenen and Kris Welkenhuysen
Published in: European Geologist Journal, Issue 44, 2017, Page(s) 6-10, ISSN 1028-267X

Characterizing a Naturally-Fractured Carbonate Formation for a CO2 Storage Operation

Author(s): Le Gallo, Yann; De Dios, José
Published in: Geosciences, Issue 8, 2018, Page(s) 354, ISSN 2076-3263
DOI: 10.20944/PREPRINTS201805.0324.V1

Regression-based sparse polynomial chaos for uncertainty quantification of subsurface flow models

Author(s): Alexander Tarakanov, Ahmed H. Elsheikh
Published in: Journal of Computational Physics, Issue 399, 2019, Page(s) 108909, ISSN 0021-9991
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcp.2019.108909

Optimal Bayesian experimental design for subsurface flow problems

Author(s): Alexadner Tarakanov, Ahmed H. Elsheikh
Published in: Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Issue 370, 2020, Page(s) 113208, ISSN 0045-7825
DOI: 10.1016/j.cma.2020.113208

ENOS - Enabling onshore CO2 capture and storage

Author(s): M. Gastine, R. Berenblyum, J.C. de Dios, P. Audigane, V. Hladik, N. Poulsen, S. Vercelli, C. Vincent, T. Wildenborg
Published in: Carbon Capture Journal, Issue 57, 2017

Dynamic characterization of fractured carbonates at the Hontomín CO2 storage site

Author(s): Yann Le Gallo, José Carlos de Dios, Ignacio Salvador, and Taimara Acosta Carballo
Published in: European Geosciences Union General Assembly, 2017

ENOS Project in Force at the CO2GeoNet Venice Open Forum

Author(s): R. Stead
Published in: GEO ENeRGY, Issue No 35, June 2017, 2017

Storing CO2 underground can curb carbon emissions, but is it safe?

Author(s): Jonathan O'Callaghan
Published in: Horizon, 2018

Enabling Onshore CO2 Storage in Europe: Fostering International Cooperation Around Pilot and Test Sites

Author(s): M. Gastine, R. Berenblyum, I. Czernichowski-lauriol, J.C. de Dios, P. Audigane, V. Hladik, N. Poulsen, S. Vercelli, C. Vincent, T. Wildenborg
Published in: Energy Procedia, Issue 114, 2017, Page(s) 5905-5915, ISSN 1876-6102
DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1728

Developing, testing and demonstrating onshore storage of CO2: first results from the ENOS field sites

Author(s): Piessens, K., Berenblyum, R., de Dios, J.C., Hladik, V., Koenen, M. and Welkenhuysen, K.
Published in: European Geologist v.44, 2017, ISSN 1028-267X

CO2GeoNet actions in Europe for advancing CCUS through global cooperation

Author(s): Isabelle Czernichowski-Lauriol, Roman Berenblyum, Sabina Bigi, Marjeta Car, Marie Gastine, Sergio Persoglia, Niels Poulsen, Cornelia Schmidt-Hattenberger, Rowena Stead, Ceri J Vincent, Ton Wildenborg
Published in: Energy Procedia, Issue 154, 2018, Page(s) 73-79, ISSN 1876-6102
DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2018.11.013

Innovative CO2 Injections in Carbonates and Advanced Modelling for Numerical Investigation

Author(s): Marín, Juan; De Dios, J.; Le Gallo, Yann
Published in: Fluids, Issue 4, 2019, Page(s) 52, ISSN 2311-5521
DOI: 10.20944/PREPRINTS201807.0537.V1

Datasets

Software