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Technology for Self Removal of Spacecraft

Deliverables

Document package describing the AIT of the removal module prototype

Report describing manufacturing, integration of the removal module and attachment of at least one removal subsystem Draft: M29

Semi-controlled Removal Concept Functional Test Plan and Results

Functional Test Plan and Results about the breadboard to demonstrate its functionality

Interface Definition Document for S/C - removal module interface

Requirements and concepts for the standardized interface to attach the removal module to different S/C

Uncontrolled Removal Concept Breadboard Functional Test Plan

Test plan to test and validate the function of the breadboard

S/C status detection concept

Trade between different concepts and proposal of operational concept for the status detection

RAMS report

Report about reliability, availability, maintainability, safety of the removal module and propose improvements for next steps

Design rules

Set of general design rules for implementing post-mission deorbiting capability in S/C and potential benefits of the new design rules compared to existing rules

Report on Uncontrolled Removal Concept Design

Report about the analysis, trades and architecture of the proposed removal concept Draft: M5

Document on experience on detection, trigger and passivation

Report about experience with concepts of S/C status detection, removal trigger and passivation systems including lessons learned

Market study

Study including risk assessment due to space debris and cost frame for the removal module for a business case

Mission & system requirements

Required performance of the removal module and the removal subsystems and major subsystems to ensure PMD according to D1.1 (e.g. thrust level or size of deployable structures to remove a S/C in a specific time)

System report

Trades and synthesis and summary of the results of WP 1 – 6 Drafts: M11, M17, M23, M29, Final: M35

Controlled Removal Concept Requirement Document

Requirements for the performance and concept of the removal subsystem based on the “Mission and system requirements” from D1.5

Final report about the design and prototype of the semi-controlled removal subsystem

Summary of the technological concepts, trades and findings of the removal subsystem and proposal of next steps after the TeSeR project

Definition of functional and performance requirements

Definition of functional and performance requirements of the removal module and its major subsystems (e.g. power, communication) including removal subsystems Draft: M17

Mission analysis report

Quantitative and qualitative comparison of different removal concepts including the removal subsystem proposed in WP 3 – 5

Interface Definition Document for removal module/removal subsystem interface

Requirements and concepts for the standardized interface to attach different removal subsystems

Operational and Autonomy concept for removal triggering and passivation systems

Trade between different concepts and proposal of operational concept for removal triggering and passivation Draft: M11

Uncontrolled Removal Concept Design Breadboard Functional Test Results

Breadboard Functional Test Results about the breadboard to ensure its functionality

Risk assessment

Assess the value of the removal module and its removal subsystems from a risk perspective

Semi-Controlled Removal Concept Requirement Document

Requirements for the performance and concept of the removal subsystem based on the “Mission and system requirements” from D1.5

Controlled Removal Concept Breadboard Requirement Document

Requirements for the performance and concept of the breadboard of the removal subsystem derived from D3.1

Passive AOCS concepts

Report about feasibility analysis and comparison of different concepts for passive AOCS

Document package describing tests and results

Test plan and results to test and validate the function of the removal module and the attached removal subsystem

Final report about the design and prototype of the removal module

Summary of the technological concepts, trades and findings of the removal module prototype and proposal of next steps after the TeSeR project

Legal analysis report

Report about forging compliance mechanism with IADC mitigation guidelines at national level, licensing and third party liability insurance (third party damage), competing factors on licensing regimes [export-controls (ITAR)]

Public outreach report

Report to be presented at final presentation summarising outreach activities and Public Relation events during the course of the project

Controlled Removal Concept Functional Test Plan and Results

Functional Test Plan and Results about the breadboard to demonstrate its functionality

Insurance aspects

Report from an insurance point of view measuring the potential of selected solutions to improve the risk profile or generate a degraded risk profile from new / unknown failure modes and to judge and rate the technical risk profile of a space system.

Semi-Controlled Removal Concept Breadboard Requirement Document

Requirements for the performance and concept of the breadboard of the removal subsystem derived from D4.1

High level user and mission requirements

Technical and non-technical high level user requirements and mission requirements related to space debris mitigation based on international guidelines and requirements (e.g. ISO 24113)

Multi-purpose aspects on TeSeR

Report about feasibility analysis of using technology of the removal module and its removal subsystems for additional tasks, e.g. shielding, detection of debris impacts for statistics, etc.

Roadmap

Next steps (e.g. technology developments) after the TeSeR project to prepare market readiness

Semi-controlled Removal Concept Interface Control Document

Design of the interface removal module – removal subsystem based on “Interface Definition Document for removal module/removal subsystem interface” D2.7 to ensure common design

Final report about the design and prototype of the uncontrolled removal subsystem

Summary of the technological concepts, trades and findings of the removal subsystem and proposal of next steps after the TeSeR project

Controlled Removal Concept Technological Gaps Description

Identification of potential gaps w.r.t. a successful breadboarding in time and proposal of solutions

System and subsystem requirements document

Document of the removal module and its major subsystems (e.g. power, communication) including removal subsystems Draft: M5

Final report about the design and prototype of the controlled removal subsystem

Summary of the technological concepts, trades and findings of the removal subsystem and proposal of next steps after the TeSeR project

Semi-Controlled Removal Concept Technological Gaps Description

Identification of potential gaps w.r.t. a successful breadboarding in time and proposal of solutions

Definition of functional architecture of the removal module and its main subsystems

Definition of functional architecture of the removal module and its main subsystems

Final report about the concepts and functional architecture of the system removal module

Summary of the technological concepts, trades and findings of the removal module and proposal of next steps after the TeSeR project

Controlled Removal Concept Interface Control Document

Design of the interface removal module – removal subsystem based on “Interface Definition Document for removal module/removal subsystem interface” D2.7 to ensure common design

Re-entry analysis report

Feasibility analysis about the thermal and mechanical loads of the semi-controlled removal concepts including proposal of shapes and materials to ensure that the deployable structure ensures removal in a fraction of one orbit.

Public website

Launch public website online (M6), with continual updates until M36

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Publications

Autonomy and operational concept for self-removal of spacecraft: Status detection, removal triggering and passivation

Author(s): Alexandra Wander, Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Roger Förstner, Philipp Voigt
Published in: Acta Astronautica Volume 164, November 2019, Pages 92-105, 2019, ISSN 0094-5765

TeSeR – Technology for Self-Removal – H2020 Projekt zur sicheren Entsorgung von Raumfahrzeugen nach Missionsende (Post Mission Disposal)

Author(s): Cornelius Vogt, Philipp Voigt, Ralf Schubert, Hedley Stokes, Craig Underwood, Alexandru Cornogolub, Malcolm Macdonald, Emma Kerr, Lesley Jane Smith, Roger Förstner, Alexandra Wander, Kostas Konstantinidis, Monica Vallig Simone Brilli, Tobias Lips, Laura León Pérez, Leonardo Ghizoni, Anders Kristensen, Jens Frederik Dalsgaard Nielsen, Colin McInnes, Denis Bensoussan
Published in: 2018

Design of a versatile, scalable, reliable, cost-efficient, and modular de-orbit kit for spacecraft post-mission disposal

Author(s): Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Alexandra Wander, Daniel Fast, Tristan Struckmeier, Roger Förstner
Published in: 2017

Autonomy and Operational Concept for Self-Removal of Spacecraft: Status detection, removal triggering and passivation

Author(s): Alexandra Wander, Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Roger Foerstner
Published in: 2017

TeSeR – Technology for Self-Removal – Status of a Horizon 2020 project to ensure the Post-Mission-Disposal of any future spacecraft

Author(s): Philipp Voigt, Cornelius Vogt, Ralf Schubert, Hedley Stokes, Craig Underwood, Alexandru Cornogolub, Malcolm Macdonald, Emma Kerr, Lesley Jane Smith, Roger Förstner, Alexandra Wander, Kostas Konstantinidis, Monica Valli, Simone Brilli, Tobias Lips, Laura León Pérez, Leonardo Ghizoni, Anders Kristensen, Jens Frederik Dalsgaard Nielsen, Colin McInnes, Denis Bensoussan
Published in: 2018