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Guiding European Policy toward a low-carbon economy. Modelling Energy system Development under Environmental And Socioeconomic constraints



Massive Open Online Course.

Users forum

Publication in the MEDEAS webpage of a model users forum.


Video documentary of the project.

Web page

Web page of the project release

Recommendations to increase public acceptance

Report on recommendations to gain transition public acceptance and dissemination, social enhancement to EU final aim of low-carbon economy and methodologies to achieve this broad public acceptance of transformations.

Transition scenarios 2

Set-up of transition scenarios 2: medium transition level scenarios characterisation for models evolution and mean transition pathway to the final 2050 goal. This is, for each BAU scenario in 2016, 2020 and 2030 define a medium level transition scenario. This medium level will define an intermediate stage prior to the final aim of 2050.


Report with an analysis of the main limitations of variables and indicators selected to represent the pathways and scenarios.

Data analysis

Technical report with main recommendations for data analysis, statistics of data and their availability.

White Book

Policies recommendations White book. This book will include the main WP6 result reports, providing general guidelines in policy assessment and some issues to help to test if the necessary required transformations are developing as it is designed. The book will collect also the main D.7.1 and suggestions and the D.7.2 recommendations for social and public policies issues. The conclusions of this book will be aimed to guide the transformation and detect deviations from the policy implementation to achieve a low-carbon economy in 2050.

Data management plan

A public report available in the webpage of the project on how data will be managed and used in the project and its dissemination level


Report on strategies to minimize the impacts and overcome barriers in the transition. This report will be linked to D.6.3 report, suggesting strategies in a priority range, as has been done in such report.

FInal report

Final report of all results of the project

Minutes of the Kick-off meeting

In the kick-off meeting, the members involved in will meet each other, as well as a review and validation of technical and thematic targets of MEDEAS will be done. In this task the management board of the project will be created following the guidelines of EU directives.

Transition challenges

Report of the challenges in the transition. This report will take into account the different aspects analysed in task 3, showing as a summary 5 recommendations and a priority list of the challenges importance ranged in function of time and sector.

36 month report

Commision official report of the 36 months of the project results

48 month report

Final report of the project

Transition Pathways

Pathways for the transition: rate of change of variables selected and analysed in WP2 and their associated uncertainty depending on the time span. Averaged values and associated variance in the medium and long-term scenarios set-up. The pathways will be characterized for their associated rate of change/transformation in each variable/sector.

Outreach activities 2

Reports on general audience outreach activities.

Transition costs

Report of the transition costs These costs will consider models preliminary simulations and also the pathways designed in WP3 Costs will be evaluated in energy investment raw materials requirements social changes requirements and economic costs

18 month report

Official report for commission on the project results

Board of stakeholders

Report on the board of stakeholders

Stakeholders meetings Minutes

Minutes of meetings with stakeholders.

Outreach activities 1

Reports on general audience outreach activities.

Transition rates & scenarios

Scenarios implementation and pathways transition rates of change comparison with the expected values in WP3 for all models

Adaptive scenarios

Taking into account the transition scenarios and the associated pathways estimate three adaptive average scenarios for the transition for each initial scenario in 2016, 2020 and 2030.

Changes for the transition

Report of necessary changes for the transition in the electricity and gas future infrastructure This report will consider the different sectors analysed and an overall vision of full European system Insights should be considered in electric grid transformation transport adaptation to a high RES energy production gas infrastructure necessary to support the transition and rates of improvement of efficiency

Transition scenarios 1

Set-up of transition scenarios 1: initial scenarios characterisation, BAU scenarios initial conditions for models implementation. Evaluation of rates of change in the variables analysed in the WP2

Global Model

MEDEAS Model and IOA implementation at global geographical level.

Model in python 2

Model translated to python available in the web page. Additional routines.

European Model

MEDEAS Model and IOA implementation at European geographical level

Model in python 1

Model translated to python available in the web page. Core model.


Database delivered and formatted for their use in the models. This set of data will be released in different degree of detail, taking in to account the input needs of different models.

Searching for OpenAIRE data...


Potential European Emissions Trajectories within the Global Carbon Budget

Author(s): Ilaria Perissi, Sara Falsini, Ugo Bardi, Davide Natalini, Michael Green, Aled Jones, Jordi Solé
Published in: Sustainability, 10/11, 2018, Page(s) 4225, ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher: MDPI Open Access Publishing
DOI: 10.3390/su10114225

Transportation in a 100% renewable energy system

Author(s): Antonio García-Olivares, Jordi Solé, Oleg Osychenko
Published in: Energy Conversion and Management, 158, 2018, Page(s) 266-285, ISSN 0196-8904
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.12.053

Concentrated Solar Power: Actual Performance and Foreseeable Future in High Penetration Scenarios of Renewable Energies

Author(s): Carlos de Castro, Iñigo Capellán-Pérez
Published in: BioPhysical Economics and Resource Quality, 3/3, 2018, ISSN 2366-0112
Publisher: Springer
DOI: 10.1007/s41247-018-0043-6

Dynamic patterns of overexploitation in fisheries

Author(s): Ilaria Perissi, Ugo Bardi, Toufic El Asmar, Alessandro Lavacchi
Published in: Ecological Modelling, 359, 2017, Page(s) 285-292, ISSN 0304-3800
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.06.009

Thermodynamic Approach to Evaluate the Criticality of Raw Materials and Its Application through a Material Flow Analysis in Europe

Author(s): Guiomar Calvo, Alicia Valero, Antonio Valero
Published in: Journal of Industrial Ecology, 22/4, 2018, Page(s) 839-852, ISSN 1088-1980
Publisher: MIT Press
DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12624

Less than 2 °C? An Economic-Environmental Evaluation of the Paris Agreement

Author(s): Jaime Nieto, Óscar Carpintero, Luis J. Miguel
Published in: Ecological Economics, 146, 2018, Page(s) 69-84, ISSN 0921-8009
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.10.007

Renewable Energy Cooperatives as an instrument towards the energy transition in Spain

Author(s): Iñigo Capellán-Pérez, Álvaro Campos-Celador, Jon Terés-Zubiaga
Published in: Energy Policy, 123, 2018, Page(s) 215-229, ISSN 0301-4215
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.08.064

Renewable transitions and the net energy from oil liquids: A scenarios study

Author(s): Jordi Solé, Antonio García-Olivares, Antonio Turiel, Joaquim Ballabrera-Poy
Published in: Renewable Energy, 116, 2018, Page(s) 258-271, ISSN 0960-1481
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2017.09.035

Highlighting the archetypes of sustainability management by means of simple dynamics models

Author(s): Ilaria Perissi
Published in: Journal of Simulation, 2019, Page(s) 1-14, ISSN 1747-7778
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.
DOI: 10.1080/17477778.2019.1679612

Modelling of sectoral energy demand through energy intensities in MEDEAS integrated assessment model

Author(s): Ignacio de Blas, Luis Javier Miguel, Iñigo Capellán-Pérez
Published in: Energy Strategy Reviews, 26, 2019, Page(s) 100419, ISSN 2211-467X
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.esr.2019.100419

Macroeconomic modelling under energy constraints: Global low carbon transition scenarios

Author(s): Jaime Nieto, Óscar Carpintero, Luis J. Miguel, Ignacio de Blas
Published in: Energy Policy, 137, 2020, Page(s) 111090, ISSN 0301-4215
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2019.111090

Dynamic Energy Return on Energy Investment (EROI) and material requirements in scenarios of global transition to renewable energies

Author(s): Iñigo Capellán-Pérez, Carlos de Castro, Luis Javier Miguel González
Published in: Energy Strategy Reviews, 26, 2019, Page(s) 100399, ISSN 2211-467X
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.esr.2019.100399

MEDEAS: a new modeling framework integrating global biophysical and socioeconomic constraints

Author(s): Iñigo Capellán-Pérez, Ignacio de Blas, Jaime Nieto, Carlos de Castro, Luis Javier Miguel, Óscar Carpintero, Margarita Mediavilla, Luis Fernando Lobejón, Noelia Ferreras-Alonso, Paula Rodrigo, Fernando Frechoso, David Álvarez-Antelo
Published in: Energy & Environmental Science, 2020, ISSN 1754-5692
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/c9ee02627d

Decreasing Ore Grades in Global Metallic Mining: A Theoretical Issue or a Global Reality?

Author(s): Guiomar Calvo, Gavin Mudd, Alicia Valero, Antonio Valero
Published in: Resources, 5/4, 2016, Page(s) 36, ISSN 2079-9276
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/resources5040036

The Sower’s Way: A Strategy to Attain the Energy Transition

Author(s): Ugo Bardi, Ilaria Perissi, Denes Csala, Sgouris Sgouridis
Published in: International Journal of Heat and Technology, 34/Special Issue 2, 2016, Page(s) S263-S265, ISSN 0392-8764
Publisher: Edizioni ETS
DOI: 10.18280/ijht.34S211

Assessing maximum production peak and resource availability of non-fuel mineral resources: Analyzing the influence of extractable global resources

Author(s): Guiomar Calvo, Alicia Valero, Antonio Valero
Published in: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 125, 2017, Page(s) 208-217, ISSN 0921-3449
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.06.009

Assessing vulnerabilities and limits in the transition to renewable energies: Land requirements under 100% solar energy scenarios

Author(s): Iñigo Capellán-Pérez, Carlos de Castro, Iñaki Arto
Published in: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 77, 2017, Page(s) 760-782, ISSN 1364-0321
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.03.137

Chapter 19: Responsible Investment

Author(s): Aled Jones
Published in: Handbook of Energy Economics, 2019, ISBN 9781-138208254
Publisher: Taylor & Francis