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Developing Cryogenic Energy Storage at Refrigerated Warehouses as an Interactive Hub to Integrate Renewable Energy in Industrial Food Refrigeration and to Enhance PowerGrid Sustainability

Deliverables

Report on refrigerated food facility mapping

A survey will be developed to obtain information on large European refrigerated warehouses and food factories. The survey will be designed to be simple to complete in less than 5 minutes. The survey will collect information on: 1. Location of refrigerated warehouse or food factory. 2. Approximate size of refrigerated facilities. 3. The average and peak electrical input power to the facility. 4. Waste heat generation from the facility. 5. Whether renewable energy resources are currently installed on site. If so, their maximum capacity. 6. Whether RES could potentially be located on site. The survey will be electronic and translated from English into French, German, Spanish, Italian and Bulgarian. Information collected will be collated and displayed graphically using maps to show where in Europe the LAES could be directly applied currently.

CryoHub Risks Register Template

Setting-up of the risks register

Report on potential opportunities for Cryohub in Europe

Using information from WP2.1 and 2.2 it will be possible to identify where the CryoHub concept could be applied.

Energy profile report for EU member states

Report with analysis of EU member states’ energy supply profiles and carbon footprints; installed renewable energy supply and capacity and renewable energy economic, regulatory and policy drivers

Report of the potential benefits of CryoHub for grid balancing

Six (6) refrigerated warehouses or food factories will be used to generate case studies and cross-case comparisons which will identify the variability of potential benefits of CryoHub for grid balancing. Other benefits such as operational resilience, security, meeting carbon targets, will also be determined. The case studies will also identify barriers to implementation, including policy barriers. National differences will be highlighted.

Analysis of when and where integration of the technology would be most valuable for business and at the energy system level

Identify when and where LAES, combined with cold warehouse stores, should seek to be introduced to deliver maximum value to the operators and system Focus on analysis of four countries to represent diversity in energy systems, food distribution systems and geographic spread. How other countries may be similar to, or different from, these case studies will be described

Report on RES mapping

A further exercise carried out alongside 2.1 will be to map locations and power outputs of RES close to (less than 1 km) the refrigerated facilities.

CryoHub Quality Manual

Preparation of the CryoHub Quality Manual that will describe the management rules and procedures

Academic article on the potential of CryoHub solution for grid balancing

Academic article on the potential of CryoHub solution for grid balancing

Report on the barriers to uptake of renewable and low carbon technologies

Review of relevant literature and research as it relates to organisational change related behaviours, socio-technical transitions and organisational responsiveness to the adoption of renewable energy and other low carbon and energy efficient technologies and practices especially where relevant to the cold storage and food manufacturing sectors

Project branding and identity

A project identity will be created (logo, PowerPoint presentation, project information brochure, posters and banners). The publicity information will be initially produced in English but will be translated into 5 languages (French, German, Spanish, Italian and Bulgarian)

Project website

A multilingual project website will be set up and linked to the partners’ websites

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Publications

System dynamics of oxyfuel power plants with liquid oxygen energy storage

Author(s): Yukun Hu, Anurag Tewari, Liz Varga, Hailong Li, Jinyue Yan
Published in: Energy Procedia, Issue 142, 2017, Page(s) 3727-3733, ISSN 1876-6102
DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.268

Analysis of when and where the integration of LAES with refrigerated warehouses could provide the greatest value to Europe

Author(s): Daniel Murrant, Jonathan Radcliffe
Published in: Energy Procedia, Issue 151, 2018, Page(s) 144-149, ISSN 1876-6102
DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2018.09.039