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Massive InteGRATion of power Electronic devices

Deliverables

Critical PQ phenomena and sources of PQ disturbances in PE rich power systems

The document will provide a summary of: - a critical assessment of PQ issues in transmission power networks considering real-world issues as well as studies published by research laboratories; - Categorizing the PQ disturbance causes, types (such as harmonics, frequency variations, voltage-level violations), and reported impacts while considering the temporal variation of the level of disturbances due to renewable generation and load; - Evaluating the influence of harmonics on PMU accuracy (in particular, if the PMUs are installed close to sources of harmonics and inter-harmonics, e.g., generation buses with PE-connected generation)

Final project conference proceedings to disclose the consortium conclusions and recommendations

The Report will describe the minutes of meeting of the final conference in Brussels and delivers the final recommendations of the project as well.

Mitigation of power-quality disturbances and provision of differentiated PQ

The Report will propose mitigation Solutions with regard to harmonics in grids with very high share of PE. frequency variation in grids with very high share of PE. voltage variations in grids with very high share of PE. disturbances that may be observed at a very high share of PE in electric grids.

Propagation of PQ disturbances through the power networks

The Report will deliver: - a set of numerical simulation tools for harmonic power-flow studies on a selected set of appropriate grid architectures performed in WP1; - Numerical studies of the propagation of harmonics considering temporal and spatial variation in harmonic injections in line with the scenarios of WP1 - Numerical Studies of the propagation of active and reactive power variations for the scenarios studied in WP1 and the resulting frequency and voltage violations for different levels of penetration of PE devices; - a validation of the use of PMUs and other WAMS to assist in the mapping of PQ issues, with an implement real-time data retrieval; - an appropriate prototype tool for the graphical representation of disturbance propagation using “harmonics impedance maps” and “heat maps” - an extension of the visualization tool to a prototype online tool enabling TSOs to have clear picture ofthe state of PQ in the network

Recommendations for connection code implementation

This document will provide recommendations for the network connection code implementation (on the basis of the three most impacted European connection codes). It indicates a methodology to assess the conditions under which higher levels of PE penetration can be implemented without harming the system operational security.

Description of system needs and test cases

The Report describes a setting of coherent and complete framework to support the approach of 100% converter-based devices connected.

Requirement guidelines for generating units that enable to operate a grid without synchronous machines

The document will provide Guidelines for generating Units operating in a grid without synchronise machines

Influence of PQ disturbances on operation of PE rich power networks

The Report will describe the impacts of harmonics in grids with very high share of PE. of frequency variation in grids with very high share of PE. of voltage variations in grids with very high share of PE. of disturbances that may be observed at a very high share of PE in electric grids.

Recommendations for the future evolution of the synchronized measurement technology and deployment in Europe

The Report describes: - if the Solutions developed in Tasks 2.2-2.7 are robust and applicable to all European interconnections with minimal tuning. - the interoperability of the solutions with any upstream source of synchronized measurements, including those currently deployed at ENTSO-e members.

Report on systemic issues

The report will describe the challenges with an increasing share of PE devices in the grid regading systemic issues

Communication master plan

Dissemination strategy: objectives and targets; Dissemination activities and channels; Project results promotion: tools; Dissemination KPIs to measure dissemination effectiveness and efficiency; Management of the dissemination activities: o packaging knowledge for an effective take up of the results, o reaching selected early adopters amongst other TSOs and electricity aggregators, o preparing the effective exploitation of the project results. Dissemination administration (approval, reporting, deliverables).

New options for existing system services and needs for new system services

The document will describe new ancillary services which may be needed in Systems with 100% PE, whereas existing ancillary services as provided today may also have to be implemented differently.

Recommendations for a deployment roadmap of grid connection rules and novel power system control laws

This Report will describe the synergies between Exploitation and Dissemination activities and involved the ACER statements in order to implement a deployment Roadmap for a new or adapted Connection rules and System control laws

Proceedings of workshops with stakeholders

The reports will summarize the Minutes of Meetings with the stakeholders (Reference Group, ENSTO-E, EDSO....) The Report will be updated in months 26 and 38.

Requirements for monitoring and forecasting PE-based KPIs

The Report will describe based on the Output of WP 1 the requirements for forecasting and Monitoring PE-based KPIs.

Lessons learned from the pilot testing of monitoring and forecasting KPIs enabling TSOs to assess the impact of PE-penetration

The document proposed methodologies to be applied with the existing infrastructure among the project partners. If the results are not fully positive, a solution will be proposed (whether based on pseudo-measurements or simulations) to enable the further deployment.

Project web site

A website will be developed in the project as one of the main interfaces towards the stakeholders who are interested in the work and achievements of the project. Moreover, the project website: - will act as a communication and dissemination channel for the project’s results and for involving and enlarging the stakeholders’ community; - will work as a share-point for the consortium, containing all institutional information, including working documents and deliverables, with a private area dedicated only to the consortium. The website will be continuously updated in contents and structure throughout the project duration.

Publications

Virtual Induction Machine Strategy for Converters in Power Systems with Low Rotational Inertia

Author(s): Markovic, U; Aristidou, P; Hug, G
Published in: 10th Bulk Power Systems Dynamics and Control Symposium – IREP 2017, 2017

Global phase and voltage synchronization for power inverters: A decentralized consensus-inspired approach

Author(s): Marcello Colombino, Dominic Gros, Florian Dorfler
Published in: 2017 IEEE 56th Annual Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), 2017, Page(s) 5690-5695
DOI: 10.1109/CDC.2017.8264518

Model reduction of converters for the analysis of 100% power electronics transmission systems

Author(s): Quentin Cossart, Frederic Colas, Xavier Kestelyn
Published in: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT), 2018, Page(s) 1254-1259
DOI: 10.1109/ICIT.2018.8352358

Fast Frequency Control Scheme through Adaptive Virtual Inertia Emulation

Author(s): Uros Markovic, Zhongda Chu, Petros Aristidou, Gabriela Hug
Published in: EEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT) Asia 2018, 2018

Stability Analysis of Converter Control Modes in Low-Inertia Power Systems

Author(s): Uros Markovic, Johanna Vorwerk, Petros Aristidou, Gabriela Hug
Published in: 2018 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT-Europe), 2018

Tuning of Cascaded Controllers for Robust Grid-Forming Voltage Source Converter

Author(s): T. Qoria, F. Gruson, F. Colas, X. Guillaud, M-S. Debry, T. Prevost
Published in: 2018 Power Systems Computation Conference (PSCC), 2018, Page(s) 1-7
DOI: 10.23919/PSCC.2018.8443018

Foundations and Challenges of Low-Inertia Systems

Author(s): Federico Milano, Florian Dorfler, Gabriela Hug, David J. Hill, Gregor Verbic
Published in: 2018

Droop vs. virtual inertia: Comparison from the perspective of converter operation mode

Author(s): Ron Ofir, Uros Markovic, Petros Aristidou, Gabriela Hug
Published in: 2018 IEEE International Energy Conference (ENERGYCON), 2018, Page(s) 1-6
DOI: 10.1109/ENERGYCON.2018.8398752

Experimental analysis of the behavior of present protection systems under high penetration of renewable energies using Hardware in the Loop platform Análisis experimental del comportamiento de los sistemas de protección actuales ante elevada penetración de energías renovables por medio de plataforma Hardware In the Loop

Author(s): Samuel Borroy Vicente, Eduardo Martínez Carrasco, Mayte Villén Martínez (CIRCE) Marjan Popov, Rahul Dubey, Jose Chavez Muro (TU DELFT) David López Cortón, Rubén Andrino Gallego, Lucía Pindado Cebrián, S. López Barba (REE) Henri Grasset (Schneider Electric) Christian Guibout, Aurelien Watare (RTE) Vladimir Terzija, Sadegh Azizi, Mingyu Sun (U. Manchester) Jako Kilter, Andrus Reinson, Marko
Published in: Cigré Conference Madrid, 27-28 November 2018, 2018

Effects of Increasing Power Electronics on System Stability: Results from MIGRATE Questionnaire

Author(s): V. N. Sewdien, M. A. M. M. van der Meijden, T. Breithaupt, L. Hofmann, D. Herwig, A. Mertens, B. Tuinema, J. Rueda Torres
Published in: 2018
DOI: 10.23919/icue-gesd.2018.8635602

PowerFactory-Python based assessment of frequency and transient stability in power systems dominated by power electronic interfaced generation

Author(s): Jorge Mola-Jimenez, Jose L. Rueda, Arcadio Perilla, Wang Da, Peter Palensky, Mart van der Meijden
Published in: 2018 Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES), 2018, Page(s) 1-6
DOI: 10.1109/mscpes.2018.8405403

Evaluation of PV and QV based Voltage Stability Analyses in Converter Dominated Power Systems

Author(s): V.N. Sewdien, R. Preece, J.L. Rueda Torres, M.A.M.M. van der Meijden
Published in: 2018 IEEE PES Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), 2018, Page(s) 161-165
DOI: 10.1109/appeec.2018.8566421

Network studies for a 100% converter based power system

Author(s): P. Thakurta, D. Flynn
Published in: IET Renewable Power Generation Conference, 2018

Hardware in the loop platform for testing the wind turbine type 4 ability of improving frequency stability of power systems

Author(s): D. Wang, J. L. Rueda Torres, J. Chavez, M.A.M.M. van der Meijden, S. Rüberg
Published in: Proc. 2018 Paris Session, SC C4 – SYSTEM TECHNICAL PERFORMANCE: Hybrid and real time simulation of system dynamic behavior, 2018

A priori error estimation of the structure-preserving modal model reduction by state residualization of a grid forming converter for use in 100% power electronics transmission systems

Author(s): COSSART Quentin COLAS Frederic KESTELYN Xavier
Published in: ACDC, 2019

Simplified converters models for the analysis and simulation of large transmission systems using 100% power electronics

Author(s): COSSART Quentin COLAS Frédéric KESTELYN Xavier
Published in: Electric Power Engeineering, 2018

Negative sequence current injection by power electronics based generators and its impact on faulted phase selection algorithms of distance protection

Author(s): David López; Ruben Andrino; Eduardo Martínez; Lucía Pindado; Samuel Borroy; Maite Villén; Marjan Popov; Miguel Ángel Ordúñez; Jorge Vaquero; Henri Grasset
Published in: Western Protective Relaying Conference (WPRC), 2018
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3635283

Presentation of the European project MIGRATE

Author(s): Henri Grasset; Marjan Popov; Jose Chávez; Eduardo Martínez; Samuel Borroy; Vladimir Terzija; Sadegh Azizi; Ming Yu Sun; Santiago López; Lucía Pindado; Ruben Andrino; David López; Christian Guibout; Jako Kilter; Andrus Reinson
Published in: 2017
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3635305

Effects of Type-4 Wind Turbine on present protection relaying algorithms

Author(s): Eduardo Martínez; Maite Villén; Samuel Borroy; Henri Grasset; Marjan Popov; Jose Chávez; Vladimir Terzija; Sadegh Azizi; Ming Yu Sun; Santiago López; Lucía Pindado; Ruben Andrino; David López; Christian Guibout; Aurelian Watare; Jako Kilter; Andrus Reinson; Marko Tealane
Published in: Issue 4, 2018
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3635325

Low Latency Stockwell Transform Based Secured Distance Protection Scheme for Power Network Connected with High Renewable Penetration, Protection and Automation Conference

Author(s): Rahul Dubey; Marjan Popov; Jose Chávez; Vladimir Terzija; Sadegh Azizi; Ming Yu Sun; Santiago López; Lucía Pindado; Ruben Andrino; David López; Christian Guibout; Aurelian Watare; Jako Kilter; Andrus Reinson; Marko Tealane; Eduardo Martínez; Maite Villén; Samuel Borroy; Henri Grasset
Published in: 2018
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3635350

Performance Assessment of Distance Protection in Systems with High Penetration of PVs

Author(s): Alexander Novikov; Jose Chávez; Marjan Popov
Published in: 2019
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3635423

Empirical analysis of potential improvements for high voltage protective algorithms

Author(s): Eduardo Martínez; Maite Villén; Samuel Borroy; Henri Grasset; Marjan Popov; Rahul Dubey; José Chávez; Vladimir Terzija; Sadegh Azizi; MIng Yu Sun; Santiago López; Lucía Pindado; Ruben Andrino; David López; Christian Guibout; Aurelan Watare; Jako Kilter; Andrus Reinson; Marko Tealane
Published in: 2018
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3635395

Protection Function Assessment of Present Relays For Wind Generator Applications

Author(s): Jose Chávez; Marjan Popov; Alexander Novikov; Sadegh Azizi; Vladimir Terzija
Published in: 2019
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3635303

Determination of Maximum Wind Power Penetration Considering Wind Turbine Fast Frequency Response

Author(s): Elyas Rakhshani, Jose Luis Rueda Torres, Peter Palensky, Mart der van Meijden
Published in: 2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, 2019, Page(s) 1-6
DOI: 10.1109/ptc.2019.8810492

Enhancement of Transient Stability in Power Systems with High Penetration Level of Wind Power Plants

Author(s): D. Wang, J.L. Rueda Torres, A. Perilla, E. Rakhshani, P. Palensky, M.A.A.M. van der Meijden
Published in: 2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, 2019, Page(s) 1-6
DOI: 10.1109/ptc.2019.8810696

Normalised Voltage Instability Sensitivity Index A New Concept for Monitoring Voltage Stability in the Control Centre

Author(s): Sewdien, Vinay; Preece, Robin; Rueda Torres, Jose
Published in: 2019 CIGRE Canada Conference, 2019
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3662465

A priori error estimation of the structure-preserving modal model reduction by state residualization of a grid forming converter for use in 100% power electronics transmission systems

Author(s): Q. Cossart, F. Colas, X. Kestelyn
Published in: 15th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission (ACDC 2019), 2019, Page(s) 67 (6 pp.)-67 (6 pp.)
DOI: 10.1049/cp.2019.0067

Power Converters Classification and Characterization in Power Transmission Systems

Author(s): T. Qoria, T. Prevost, G. Denis, F. Gruson, F. Colas, X. Guillaud
Published in: 2019 21st European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE '19 ECCE Europe), 2019, Page(s) P.1-P.9
DOI: 10.23919/epe.2019.8914783

Tuning of AC voltage-controlled VSC based Linear Quadratic Regulation

Author(s): Taoufik Qoria, Chuanyue Li, Ko Oue, Francois Gruson, Frederic Colas, Xavier Guillaud, Thibault Prevost
Published in: 2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, 2019, Page(s) 1-6
DOI: 10.1109/ptc.2019.8810809

Inertia effect and load sharing capability of grid forming converters connected to a transmission grid

Author(s): T. Qoria, F. Gruson, F. Colas, G. Denis, T. Prevost, X. Guillaud
Published in: 15th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission (ACDC 2019), 2019, Page(s) 79 (6 pp.)-79 (6 pp.)
DOI: 10.1049/cp.2019.0079

Stability Analysis of Converter Control Modes in Low-Inertia Power Systems

Author(s): Uros Markovic, Johanna Vorwerk, Petrosa Aristidou, Gabriela Hug
Published in: 2018 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT-Europe), 2018, Page(s) 1-6
DOI: 10.1109/ISGTEurope.2018.8571583

Direct AC voltage control for grid-forming inverters




Dispatchable Virtual Oscillator Control for Decentralized Inverter-dominated Power Systems: Analysis and Experiments

Author(s): Gab-Su Seo, Marcello Colombino, Irina Subotic, Brian Johnson, Dominic Gros, Florian Dorfler
Published in: 2019 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), 2019, Page(s) 561-566
DOI: 10.1109/APEC.2019.8722028

Maximizing the penetration of inverter-based generation on large transmission systems: the MIGRATE project

Author(s): Debry, Marie-Sophie; Denis, Guillaume; Prevost, Thibault; Xavier, Florent; Menze, Andreas
Published in: 6th Solar Integration Workshop, Issue 1, 2016
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.807094

Stability performance of power electronic devices with time delays

Author(s): Uros Markovic, Petros Aristidou, Gabriela Hug
Published in: 2017 IEEE Manchester PowerTech, 2017, Page(s) 1-6
DOI: 10.1109/ptc.2017.7981147

Grid-forming control for power converters based on matching of synchronous machines

Author(s): Catalin Arghir, Taouba Jouini, Florian Dörfler
Published in: Automatica, Issue 95, 2018, Page(s) 273-282, ISSN 0005-1098
DOI: 10.1016/j.automatica.2018.05.037

Global Phase and Magnitude Synchronization of Coupled Oscillators with Application to the Control of Grid-Forming Power Inverters

Author(s): Marcello Colombino, Dominic Gross, Jean-Sebastien Brouillon, Florian Dorfler
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, 2019, Page(s) 1-1, ISSN 0018-9286
DOI: 10.1109/tac.2019.2898549

Placement and Implementation of Grid-Forming and Grid-Following Virtual Inertia and Fast Frequency Response

Author(s): Bala Kameshwar Poolla, Dominic Gross, Florian Dorfler
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 2019, Page(s) 1-1, ISSN 0885-8950
DOI: 10.1109/tpwrs.2019.2892290

Network studies for a 100% converter based power system

Author(s): P. Thakurta, D. Flynn
Published in: IET Journal of Engineering, 2019, ISSN 2051-3305

The Effect of Transmission-Line Dynamics on Grid-Forming Dispatchable Virtual Oscillator Control

Author(s): Dominic Gros, Marcello Colombino, Jean-Sebastien Brouillon, Florian Dorfler
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems, Issue 6/3, 2019, Page(s) 1148-1160, ISSN 2325-5870
DOI: 10.1109/tcns.2019.2921347

Performance of out-of-step tripping protection under renewable integration

Author(s): Gaoyuan Liu, Sadegh Azizi, Mingyu Sun, Marjan Popov, Vladimir Terzija
Published in: The Journal of Engineering, Issue 2018/15, 2018, Page(s) 1216-1222, ISSN 2051-3305
DOI: 10.1049/joe.2018.0180

Improved Faulted Phase Selection Algorithm for Distance Protection under High Penetration of Renewable Energies

Author(s): Martínez Carrasco, Comech Moreno, Villén Martínez, Borroy Vicente
Published in: Energies, Issue 13/3, 2020, Page(s) 558, ISSN 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en13030558

A Key Performance Indicator to Assess the Frequency Stability of Wind Generation Dominated Power System

Author(s): Elyas Rakhshani, Digvijay Gusain, Vinay Sewdien, Jose L. Rueda Torres, Mart A. M. M. Van Der Meijden
Published in: IEEE Access, Issue 7, 2019, Page(s) 130957-130969, ISSN 2169-3536
DOI: 10.1109/access.2019.2940648

Critical clearing time determination and enhancement of grid-forming converters embedding virtual impedance as current limitation algorithm

Author(s): Taoufik Qoria, Francois Gruson, Frederic Colas, Guillaume Denis, Thibault Prevost, Xavier Guillaud
Published in: IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, 2019, Page(s) 1-1, ISSN 2168-6785
DOI: 10.1109/jestpe.2019.2959085

Coupling Influence on the dq Impedance Stability Analysis for the Three-Phase Grid-Connected Inverter

Author(s): Chuanyue Li, Taoufik Qoria, Frederic Colas, Jun Liang, Wenlong Ming, Francois Gruson, Xavier Guillaud
Published in: Energies, Issue 12/19, 2019, Page(s) 3676, ISSN 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en12193676

The Migrate project: try the challenges of operating a transmission grid with only inverter based generation. A grid-forming control improvement with transient limiting control

Author(s): Guillaume DENIS ; Thibault PREVOST ; Marie-Sophie DEBRY ; Xavier GUILLAUD ; Florent XAVIER ; Andreas MENZE
Published in: IET Renewable Power Generation, 2017, ISSN 1752-1424
DOI: 10.1049/iet-rpg.2017.0369

On Placement of Synthetic Inertia with Explicit Time-Domain Constraints

Author(s): Theodor S. Borsche, Florian Dorfler
Published in: 2017

The effect of transmission-line dynamics on grid-forming dispatchable virtual oscillator control

Author(s): Dominic Groß, Marcello Colombino, Jean-Sébastien Brouillon, Florian Dörfler
Published in: 2018

Outils et Méthodes pour l’Analyse et la Simulation de Réseaux de Transport 100 % Electronique de Puissance

Author(s): Cossart, Quentin
Published in: "Other. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019ENAM0031⟩", Issue 11, 2020

Intégration massive d'électronique de puissance : synchronisation et stabilité des grands systèmes électriques

Author(s): Debry, Marie-Sophie; Denis, Guillaume; Panciatici, Patrick; Prevost, Thibault; Xavier, Florent; Guillaud, Xavier; Kestelyn, Xavier; Menze, Andreas
Published in: Revue de l'Electricité et de l'Electronique, Issue 2016-5, 2016, Page(s) 54-59, ISSN 2270-7042
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.824917