This report will present thematic findings on the current state of the art in international research practice and articulate the degree to which social media platforms and tools are operationalized and operationable across diverse locations and security provision.
This review report will outline the results of the work that has taken place since the inception of the project and outline the plan for the completion of the project. The report will be discussed at the midterm review meeting that will include the members of the Advisory Board.
Workshop 3 report highlighting a detailed SWOT analysis for using social media for everyday security activities, a stakeholder analysis of responsibilities, relevant tools/methods that might be utilised and suggested action alternatives.
This deliverable will be in the form of a catalogue with the different technologies and solutions that already exist in Europe for using social media in public security. The catalogue will be integrated in the online platform for public consultation.
This report will set out a comprehensive meta-view of ongoing findings relevant to the aims and objectives of MEDI@4SEC, establishing a framework of analysis to be used, and refined throughout the project. This will include an understanding of the development of organizational practices of security co-production and the role of institutional conditions and social media in the development of a new relationship between police and citizens.
Workshop 2 report highlighting a detailed SWOT analysis for using social media for use for riots and mass gatherings, a stakeholder analysis of responsibilities, relevant tools/methods that might be utilised and suggested action alternatives.
This report summarises the experience with the MEDI@4SEC Communication, Dissemination and Exploitation plan and projects it into post‐project activities.
This report proposes an initial strategy for impact development. It will encompass a roadmap for MEDI@4SEC activities and in particular plan to build a large community of end users. It will also document the initial communication material (including the website Brochure, Posters and Newsletters) and the initial version of the community database.
Workshop 5 report highlighting a detailed SWOT analysis for using social media for trolling, a stakeholder analysis of responsibilities, relevant tools/methods that might be utilised and suggested action alternatives.
This deliverable will provide the results of the survey and therefore describe public authorities’ needs, priorities and concerns about using social media.
Workshop 1 report highlighting a detailed SWOT analysis for using social media for DIY policing, a stakeholder analysis of responsibilities, relevant tools/methods that might be utilised and suggested action alternatives.
This handbook will be developed at task/partner level for efficient project coordination and will include detailed budgeting to maintain financial control of the project.
This report will also analyse the connectedness and compatibility of different social media systems and practices, giving core consideration to issues of ethics, privacy and data convergence.
Workshop 6 report highlighting a detailed SWOT analysis for use of innovative market solutions, a stakeholder analysis of responsibilities, relevant tools/methods that might be utilised and suggested action alternatives.
Everyday security: local crime prevention and citizen-led security initiatives. The ethics of policing online as compared to offline will be considered, in particular different expectations of privacy from police scrutiny, and conventions of anonymity and visibility. The transferability of police codes of conduct in relation to uniformed/plain-clothes/undercover to the online world will be considered. In terms of evidence, when are organization or people violating the law (eliminating / destructing) evidence by deleting data or obstructing investigation by not providing evidence (for example Facebook and Twitter)?
The dark web: public security responses to organised crime, encryption, and illicit markets. What are the ethical and legal risks associated with activity on the dark web and how can such activity be policed? Is encryption a right of individuals that should be respected by police or a reliable indicator of illegal activity? To what extent is use of the Dark Net and encryption a response to extensive and possibly well-motivated state surveillance? The meeting report will focus on these questions.
Innovative market solutions: industrial and commercial tools for social media use for public security. Ethical issues arising in relation to the outsourcing of social media monitoring or platforms to private companies include privacy intrusion, data protection concerns, and accountability, especially if police rely on technologies based on algorithms whose operation is obscure to them. Commercial attempts to address these issues via innovations in privacy-by-design and accountability-by-design and the potential for certification in this field will also be explored
This report is an amalgamation of project outputs, and provides the MEDI@4SEC vision – a future roadmap - for appropriate and proportionate adoption of social media by public security planners.
Report highlighting the most important, cross-cutting ethical and legal issues raised in the workshops and proposing recommendations for public security planners.
This reports includes the update of the initial Communication, Dissemination and Exploitation plan and on evolutions in the project strategy and results (including explanations of the updates of the communication material and MEDI@4SEC Community database).
This report will provide an in-depth analysis of existing best practices, approaches, modes of social media communication between citizens and security operators, and of strategies on engagement and participation of citizens in security issues facilitated by social media..
The deliverable will provide a number of proposals for the development of standards in this field. These proposals will be provided to the joint European Standardization Organisations: the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), and the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC) body for further development.
This report will summarise the outcomes of the project.
Workshop 4 report highlighting a detailed SWOT analysis for using social media for dark-web activities, a stakeholder analysis of responsibilities, relevant tools/methods that might be utilised and suggested action alternatives.
Trolling, or ‘the good, the bad, and the ugly’: harassment, anonymity, and the challenge for public security planners. Issues raised will likely include the ethical harms of trolling, revenge porn, stalking and other forms of online harassment, and their legal status. The comparative risks and merits of various police and (online) community responses to such acts, including best practices, will also be discussed. The significance of cultural differences amongst EU countries will also be considered.
DIY Policing - The modern Sherlock: police use of social media intelligence and evidence to solve crime. Ethical issues raised will likely include those connected with the benefits of citizen-led security initiatives versus the risks of vigilantism, namely illegitimate and unaccountable adoption by citizens of criminal justice functions such as intrusive investigation of individuals, public accusation, denunciation and punishment. The appropriateness of different relationships between police and such groups will be explored.
Riots and mass gatherings: social media use by public security planners before, during, and after the event. Ethical issues raised will relate to the risks to privacy of: the surveillance of individuals on social media for intelligence about such gatherings prior and during events; the use of material posted by individuals on social media to identify and prosecute offenders after the event. Legal issues raised relate to the implications of the use of images taken from or posted by police on social media to identify suspects. The legal status of images as forensic evidence and as personal (because identifying) data will be discussed.
This report, emerging from the 6 workshops, will provide recommendations on the needs for future research and will be provided as input to DG HOME for future H2020 Work Programmes.
This report describes the training concepts, contains the training material and describes the training that has been conducted.
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