Skip to main content

Designing cooperative interaction of automated vehicles with other road users in mixed traffic environments

Deliverables

Cooperation and Communication Planning Unit Concept

- Description of the digital catalogues, of the matching, planning and execution modules, including the safety layer

Preliminary human-vehicle interaction strategies for the interACT AVs

- documentation of interaction strategies for the interACT scenarios and flow of events - definition of what should be communicated to the user on-board and to other road users - definition of vehicle behaviour in the form of a narrative description

Proceedings of the interACT Final Event

This will be the output of task 7.3 and it will include the presentations and a report on discussions during the interACT final Event and demonstration.

Technical verification plans and Outcomes

Describes the technical results from the functional tests (according to requirements and specifications of both the components and the whole application)

Final human-vehicle interaction strategies for the interACT AVs

- updated report on the interaction strategies for the interACT scenarios and flow of events - generalization of interaction strategies towards other traffic scenarios

Basis Sensor Data Fusion and Driver Monitoring

Focus of this deliverable is the description of the design of the basic sensor data fusion which severs as input for WP2 and the driver monitoring

Evaluation report on on-board user and road users interaction with AVs equipped with the interACT technologies

Report on evaluation results of simulator and test vehicle studies including recommendations for HMI improvements

Final design and HMI solutions for user on-board and other traffic participants

- interACT HMI solutions defined and documented - Final HMI elements ready to be integrated into the demonstrator vehicles and simulators

Impact assessment of the new interaction strategies on traffic cooperation, traffic flow, infrastructure design and road safety

Report on impact of interACT solutions on traffic flow, infrastructure design needs and road safety

interACT communication tools

This will be the output of task 7.2 and it will accompany and present the project brand identity and ma-terial, the brochure, posters, newsletters, videos, website and social media accounts.

Methodologies for the evaluation and impact assessment of the interACT solutions

Description of the evaluation methodologies defined for interACT multi-actor simulators and test vehi-cles to assess the quality of cooperation

Final description of psychological models on human-human and human-automation interaction

- Final and complete description of qualitative and quantitative models on human-human and human-automation interaction for the interACT scenarios - Final version of model-in-the loop simulation tool on human-human and human-automation interaction for the interACT scenarios

Interaction function integration. Demonstrator final version

Describes the results of the automated interactive functions development, implemented in the demonstrator vehicle (final version, ready for the evaluation phase)

Identification of relevant effects of interACT system on safety, security, ethical, liability and legal aspects

Documentation of workshop results and expert opinion on what needs for changes in standardisation, legal frameworks, privacy and security are required for introducing AVs such as the interACT system in mixed traffic environments

Definition of interACT scenarios

Detailed description of and justification for the scenarios selected for the interACT project

Preliminary description of psychological models on human-human interaction in traffic

- Documentation of the observational studies on human-human interaction - First draft of qualitative and quantitative models on human-human interaction

Publications

Designing the interaction of automated vehicles with other traffic participants: design considerations based on human needs and expectations

Author(s): Anna Schieben, Marc Wilbrink, Carmen Kettwich, Ruth Madigan, Tyron Louw, Natasha Merat
Published in: Cognition, Technology & Work, Issue 21/1, 2019, Page(s) 69-85, ISSN 1435-5558
DOI: 10.1007/s10111-018-0521-z

External Human-Machine Interfaces can fail! An examination of trust development and misuse in a large CAVE-based pedestrian simulation environment

Author(s): Kaleefathullah, A., Merat, N., Lee, Y.M., Eisma, Y.B., Madigan, R., Garcia, J., & Winter, J
Published in: Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2020, ISSN 0018-7208

Towards game theoretic AV controllers: measuring pedestrian behaviour in Virtual Reality

Author(s): Camara F, Dickinson P, Merat N, Fox CW
Published in: IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2019) Workshops, 2019

Testing external HMI designs for automated vehicles – An overview on user study results from the EU project interACT

Author(s): Anna Schieben, Marc Wilbrink, Carmen Kettwich, Janki Dodiya, Florian Weber, Lenja Sorokin, Yee Mun Lee, Ruth Madigan, Gustav Markula, Natasha Merat, André Dietrich, Marc Kaup
Published in: 19 Tagung Automatisiertes Fahren, 2019

Examining Pedestrian-Autonomous Vehicle Interactions

Author(s): Camara F, Dickinson P, Merat N, Fox CW.
Published in: Proceedings of 8th Transport Research Arena TRA 2020, 2020

Calibration of Controlled Markov Chains for Predicting Pedestrian Crossing Behavior Using Multi-objective Genetic Algorithms

Author(s): Jingyuan Wu, Johannes Ruenz, Matthias Althoff
Published in: 2019 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC), 2019, Page(s) 1032-1038
DOI: 10.1109/itsc.2019.8917317

At the Zebra Crossing: Modelling Complex Decision Processes with Variable-Drift Diffusion Models

Author(s): Oscar Giles, Gustav Markkula, Jami Pekkanen, Naoki Yokota, Naoto Matsunaga, Natasha Merat, Tatsuru Daimon
Published in: 2019
DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/cgj7r

Game Theory For Self-Driving Cars

Author(s): Fanta Camara, Charles Fox
Published in: UKRAS20 Conference: “Robots into the real world” Proceedings, 2020, Page(s) 77-79
DOI: 10.31256/sk9zg2d

Vehicle maneuver-based long-term trajectory prediction at intersection crossings

Author(s): Drakoulis Richardos, Bolovinou Anastasia, Drainakis Georgios, Amditis Angelos
Published in: 2020 IEEE 3rd Connected and Automated Vehicles Symposium: IEEE CAVS 2020(co-located with IEEE VTC-2020 Fall), 2020

"""I have detected you"" - Technical Approach of Perception based interaction of Automated Vehicles"

Author(s): Marc Kaup
Published in: ISAL 2019, 2019

Automated vehicles in urban traffic: the effects of kinematics and eHMI on pedestrian crossing behavior

Author(s): A. Dietrich, M. Tondera, K. Bengler
Published in: ATS International Journal, 2019, Page(s) 73-84

Light-based communication of automated vehicles with other traffic participants - a usability study in a Virtual Reality environmen

Author(s): Schieben, Anna, Dodiya, Janki, Wilbrink, Marc, Kettwich, Carmen
Published in: International Symposium on Automotive Lighting ISAL 2019 Volume: 18, 2019

A heuristic model for pedestrian intention estimation

Author(s): Fanta Camara, Natasha Merat, Charles W. Fox
Published in: 2019 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC), 2019, Page(s) 3708-3713
DOI: 10.1109/itsc.2019.8917195

Understanding the Messages Conveyed by Automated Vehicles

Author(s): Yee Mun Lee, Ruth Madigan, Jorge Garcia, Andrew Tomlinson, Albert Solernou, Richard Romano, Gustav Markkula, Natasha Merat, Jim Uttley
Published in: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, 2019, Page(s) 134-143
DOI: 10.1145/3342197.3344546

Designing cooperative interaction of automated vehicles in mixed traffic environments: Insights from the interACT project

Author(s): Anna Schieben, Marc Wilbrink, André Dietrich, Johannes Ruenz, Evangelia Portouli, Angelos Amditis, Mathias Althoff, Marc Kaup, Fabio Tango, Yee Mun Lee, Gustav Markkula, Natasha Merat, Florian Weber
Published in: Proceedings of 8th Transport Research Arena TRA 2020, 2020

Observing Traffic – Utilizing a Ground Based LiDAR and Observation Protocols at a T-Junction in Germany

Author(s): André Dietrich, Johannes Ruenz
Published in: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series, Issue volume 823, 2018, Page(s) 537-542
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96074-6_56

Filtration analysis of pedestrian-vehicle interactions for autonomous vehicles control

Author(s): Fanta Camara, Ruth Madigan, Markus Rothmüller, Pernille Holm Rasmussen, Signe Alexandra Vendelbo-Larsen, Gustav Markkula , Yee Mun Lee, Laura Garach, Natasha Merat and Charles Fox
Published in: 2018
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3265767

Evaluating Location Compliance Approaches for Automated Road Vehicles

Author(s): Alexander Zhu, Stefanie Manzinger, Matthias Althoff
Published in: 2018 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), 2018, Page(s) 642-649
DOI: 10.1109/IVS.2018.8500720

Probabilistic Map-based Pedestrian Motion Prediction Taking Traffic Participants into Consideration

Author(s): Jingyuan Wu, Johannes Ruenz, Matthias Althoff
Published in: 2018 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), 2018, Page(s) 1285-1292
DOI: 10.1109/IVS.2018.8500562

Automatic Generation of Safety-Critical Test Scenarios for Collision Avoidance of Road Vehicles

Author(s): Matthias Althoff, Sebastian Lutz
Published in: 2018 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), 2018, Page(s) 1326-1333
DOI: 10.1109/IVS.2018.8500374

Predicting pedestrian road-crossing assertiveness for autonomous vehicle control

Author(s): F. Camara, O. Giles, R. Madigan, M. Rothmuller P.H. Rasmussen, A. Vendelbo-Larsen, G. Markkula, Y-M. Lee, N. Merat, C. W. Fox
Published in: 2018

Empirical game theory of pedestrian interaction for autonomous vehicles

Author(s): Fanta Camara, Richard Romano, Gustav Markkula, Ruth Madigan, Natasha Merat, Charles Fox
Published in: 2018
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3265805

Worst-case Analysis of the Time-To-React Using Reachable Sets

Author(s): Sebastian Sontges, Markus Koschi, Matthias Althoff
Published in: 2018 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), 2018, Page(s) 1891-1897
DOI: 10.1109/IVS.2018.8500709

Towards pedestrian-AV interaction: method for elucidating pedestrian preferences

Author(s): Fanta Camara, Serhan Cosar, Nicola Bellotto, Natasha Merat and Charles W. Fox
Published in: 2018
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3265791

When Should the Chicken Cross the Road? - Game Theory for Autonomous Vehicle - Human Interactions

Author(s): C. W. Fox, F. Camara, G. Markkula, R. A. Romano, R. Madigan, N. Merat
Published in: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems, 2018, Page(s) 431-439
DOI: 10.5220/0006765404310439

Designing for Interactions with Automated Vehicles – Navigating Ethnography at the Boundary of Quantitative-Data-Driven Disciplines

Author(s): Markus Rothmüller (1. School of Architecture, Design and Planning, Aalborg University Copenhagen, Denmark, and 2. Shift Insights and Innovation Consulting) Pernille Holm Rasmussen (School of Architecture, Design and Planning, Aalborg University Copenhagen, Denmark) Alexandra Vendelbo-Larsen (School of Architecture, Design and Planning, Aalborg University Copenhagen, Denmark)
Published in: 2019
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3265815

Über die Umsetzung einer gerichteten Signalleuchte für automatisierte Fahrzeuge auf Basis einer asphärischen Fläche

Author(s): Jan-Henning Willrodt; Sebastian Döhler; Jörg Wallaschek
Published in: Lux junior 2017, Issue 1, 2017
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3265819

Investigating Pedestrians' Crossing Behaviour During Car Deceleration Using Wireless Head Mounted Display: An Application Towards the Evaluation of eHMI of Automated Vehicles

Author(s): Yee Mun Lee, Jim Uttley, Albert Solernou, Oscar Giles, Richard Romano, Gustav Markkula, Natasha Merat
Published in: Proceedings of the 10th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design: driving assessment 2019, 2020, Page(s) 252-258
DOI: 10.17077/drivingassessment.1703

Interactions with Automated Vehicles: The Effect of Drivers’ Attentiveness and Presence on Pedestrians’ Road Crossing Behavior

Author(s): J. Pablo Nuñez Velasco, Yee Mun Lee, Jim Uttley, Albert Solernou, Haneen Farah, Bart van Arem, Marjan Hagenzieker, Natasha Merat
Published in: Road Safety and Simulation (RSS) 2019, 2019

First approach on a high resolution signal lamp based on imaging lens optics

Author(s): J.-H. Willrodt, A. Klarius, J. Wallaschek
Published in: 2018 Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI) Tagung: Optische Technologien, 2018

Predicting pedestrian road-crossing assertiveness for autonomous vehicle control

Author(s): F. Camara, O. Giles, R. Madigan, M. Rothmuller, P. Holm Rasmussen, S. A. Vendelbo-Larsen, G. Markkula, Y. M. Lee, Laura Garach, N. Merat, C. W. Fox
Published in: 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC), 2018, Page(s) 2098-2103
DOI: 10.1109/itsc.2018.8569282

Crossing the Street Across the Globe: A Study on the Effects of eHMI on Pedestrians in the US, Germany and China

Author(s): Florian Weber, Ronee Chadowitz, Kathrin Schmidt, Julia Messerschmidt, Tanja Fuest
Published in: HCI in Mobility, Transport, and Automotive Systems - First International Conference, MobiTAS 2019, Held as Part of the 21st HCI International Conference, HCII 2019, Orlando, FL, USA, July 26-31, 2019, Proceedings, Issue 11596, 2019, Page(s) 515-530
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22666-4_37

Methodologies to Understand the Road User Needs When Interacting with Automated Vehicles

Author(s): Evangelia Portouli, Dimitris Nathanael, Angelos Amditis, Yee Mun Lee, Natasha Merat, Jim Uttley, Oscar Giles, Gustav Markkula, André Dietrich, Anna Schieben, James Jenness
Published in: HCI in Mobility, Transport, and Automotive Systems - First International Conference, MobiTAS 2019, Held as Part of the 21st HCI International Conference, HCII 2019, Orlando, FL, USA, July 26-31, 2019, Proceedings, Issue 11596, 2019, Page(s) 35-45
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22666-4_3

How should Trust Vehicle interACT?

Author(s): Marc Wilbrink, Marc Kaup
Published in: Enhanced Trustworthiness and End User Acceptance of Conditionally Automated Vehicles in the Transition Period, 2021

How Do We Study Pedestrian Interaction with Automated Vehicles? Preliminary Findings from the European interACT Project

Author(s): Natasha Merat, Yee Mun Lee, Gustav Markkula, Jim Uttley, Fanta Camara, Charles Fox, André Dietrich, Florian Weber, Anna Schieben
Published in: Road Vehicle Automation 6, 2019, Page(s) 21-33
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22933-7_3

Naturalistic Observation of Interactions Between Car Drivers and Pedestrians in High Density Urban Settings

Author(s): Dimitris Nathanael, Evangelia Portouli, Vassilis Papakostopoulos, Kostas Gkikas, Angelos Amditis
Published in: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors (TEHF), Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics, Issue 823, 2019, Page(s) 389-397
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96074-6_42

Optical Car-to-Human Communication for Automated Vehicles

Author(s): J.-H. Willrodt, H. Strothmann, Prof. Dr.-Ing. J. Wallaschek
Published in: 12th International Symposium on Automotive Lighting, 2017, Page(s) 579-588

Field Observations of Interactions Among Drivers at Unsignalized Urban Intersections

Author(s): Evangelia Portouli, Dimtiris Nathanael, Kostas Gkikas, Angelos Amditis, Loizos Psarakis
Published in: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors (TEHF), Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics, Issue 823, 2019, Page(s) 230-237
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96074-6_24

Pedestrian Models for Autonomous Driving Part I: Low-Level Models, From Sensing to Tracking

Author(s): Fanta Camara, Nicola Bellotto, Serhan Cosar, Dimitris Nathanael, Matthias Althoff, Jingyuan Wu, Johannes Ruenz, Andre Dietrich, Charles Fox
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2020, Page(s) 1-21, ISSN 1524-9050
DOI: 10.1109/tits.2020.3006768

Provably-Correct and Comfortable Adaptive Cruise Control

Author(s): Matthias Althoff, Sebastian Maierhofer, Christian Pek
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles, 2020, Page(s) 1-1, ISSN 2379-8904
DOI: 10.1109/tiv.2020.2991953

Designing for Interactions with Automated Vehicles: Ethnography at the Boundary of Quantitative-Data-Driven Disciplines

Author(s): MARKUS ROTHMÜLLER, PERNILLE HOLM RASMUSSEN, SIGNE ALEXANDRA VENDELBO-LARSEN
Published in: Ethnographic Praxis in Industry Conference Proceedings, Issue 2018/1, 2018, Page(s) 482-517, ISSN 1559-890X
DOI: 10.1111/1559-8918.2018.01219

Pedestrian Models for Autonomous Driving Part II: High-Level Models of Human Behavior

Author(s): Fanta Camara, Nicola Bellotto, Serhan Cosar, Florian Weber, Dimitris Nathanael, Matthias Althoff, Jingyuan Wu, Johannes Ruenz, Andre Dietrich, Gustav Markkula, Anna Schieben, Fabio Tango, Natasha Merat, Charles Fox
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2020, Page(s) 1-20, ISSN 1524-9050
DOI: 10.1109/tits.2020.3006767

Road users rarely use explicit communication when interacting in today’s traffic: implications for automated vehicles

Author(s): Yee Mun Lee, Ruth Madigan, Oscar Giles, Laura Garach-Morcillo, Gustav Markkula, Charles Fox, Fanta Camara, Markus Rothmueller, Signe Alexandra Vendelbo-Larsen, Pernille Holm Rasmussen, Andre Dietrich, Dimitris Nathanael, Villy Portouli, Anna Schieben, Natasha Merat
Published in: Cognition, Technology & Work, 2020, ISSN 1435-5558
DOI: 10.1007/s10111-020-00635-y

Models of Human Decision-Making as Tools for Estimating and Optimizing Impacts of Vehicle Automation

Author(s): Gustav Markkula, Richard Romano, Ruth Madigan, Charles W. Fox, Oscar T. Giles, Natasha Merat
Published in: Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2018, Page(s) 036119811879213, ISSN 0361-1981
DOI: 10.1177/0361198118792131

Erster Ansatz zur Abbildenden Umsetzung einer Hochauflösenden Signalleuchte für Automatisiertes Fahren

Author(s): Jan-Henning Willrodt, Klarius, Wallaschek
Published in: VDI-Berichte, 2017, Page(s) 207-218, ISSN 0083-5560

Road user interactions in a shared space setting: Priority and communication in a UK car park

Author(s): J. Uttley, Y.M. Lee, R. Madigan, N. Merat
Published in: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, Issue 72, 2020, Page(s) 32-46, ISSN 1369-8478
DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2020.05.004