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Improve performance of organic agriculture by boosting organic seed and plant breeding efforts across Europe

Deliverables

Video to promote organic seed use (T1.2)

A short promotion video will be developed by BIONEXT and IFOAM EU in which farmers from different member states explain why they use organic seed. The price difference to conventional seed and the reduced choice of cultivars work as disincentives for farmers to use organic seed. Reasons for farmers to use organic seed are the fact that they want to produce a 100% organic product (from seed to fork), to live up to consumer expectations, or because the seed is from an organic cultivar and has an added value. Additional incentives could for instance be a bonus for using organic seed, a clear demand from label organisations, traders, wholesalers or consumers and a level playing field across EU Member States. Pilot studies will be set up by BIONEXT and IFOAM EU with partners (ORC, ÖMKI, LBI, SEAE) and stakeholders in UK, HU, NL and ES to test the effect of the different incentives in different crops, value chains and countries. Baseline interviews will be conducted and the effect of the pilots on the organic see

Video presenting project

Short videos (2-3 minutes with slide shows and video shots) will be used to present the project and to report about events such as farm days, and visits planned under the project. The videos will be disseminated through the website and uploaded in a dedicated YouTube channel for the project. A short introductory video will present the project. Approximately 3 videos will be based on interviews during visits in the framework of all WPs videos will be developed during workshop and activities of WP1 on the importance of organic seeds (ÖMKI)

Project website

Public Website will be set up by Month 6 with official information on the project (e.g. partners, collaborators, EC funding) and publishing all the materials produced by the project. The website will be updated regularly at least 4 times per year (IFOAM-EU).

Project leaflet

Start-up project leaflet (by Month 6) in 10 national languages (EN, ES, FR, IT, PT, EL, HU, PL, BG, RO) to be distributed during events attended by project partners in order to raise awareness about the LIVESEED project (IFOAM-EU, RSR).

Booklet on how to implement organic seed regulation at the national level to stimulate their production

At least 5 booklets (approx. 8-16 pages aimed at a range of stakeholders) will be published on the LIVESEED website, and translated into different languages. One of them will be on: How to implement organic seed regulation at the national level to stimulate their production (WP1).

Data management plan

FiBL-CH with the support of IFOAM EU will develop a data management plan (DMP) and policy for all data produced in the scope of LIVESEED within the first 6 months to allow high transparency. A data base will be installed on the LIVESEED homepage (WP5). In order to make data findable, accessible, interoperable and re-usable (FAIR), the DMP will include instruction on data handling during and after the project, which data set need to be collected, which methodology and standards / controls are used, and which data will be shared among LIVESEED or become open access. Together with the stored data set, information will include metadata about authors and reference, data set description, a protocol on data sharing, data archiving and data preservation. All publications of LIVESEED will be proof-read by FiBL-CH or IFOAM EU to ensure the quality and coherence of the publications.

Report on the results of Workshop 1 for input from formal and informal breeders involved in breeding for organic farming systems for priority setting of research needs for organic plant breeding and selection methods

A summary report of the workshop at the special LIVESEED & ECO-PB Organic Breeders Day on 21st February 2018 at University of Kassel, Witzenhausen, Germany, written by LBI, that summarises the discussions and outcomes of the group sessions on system based breeding. This deliverable is based on former M3.3.

Booklet of success stories on organic seed production

At least 5 booklets (approx. 8-16 pages aimed at a range of stakeholders) will be published on the LIVESEED website, and translated into different languages. One of them will be on Success stories on Organic seed production (WP2)

Report describing three crop case studies investigating the detail socio-economic factors influencing the behaviour of various stakeholders regarding the use of organic seed

The aim of this task is to understand the reasons for market failure on organic seed markets and identify ways to overcome it, by describing and modelling the decision-making behaviour of operators connected either directly or indirectly to organic seed markets, including organic and conventional breeders, seed producers, farmers, food producers, traders and consumers. Three crop case studies will focus on a selected crop in the category of vegetables or fruit (led by FIBL-CH), cereals (led by UNIVPM) and forage crops (led by ORC). The selection will consider different aspects that are of varying importance in the different crops: use of local and/or international markets, functioning and failing supply chains, farmer-driven, commercial and community-based seed business models and farm saved seed based on the outcomes of T1.1 and T4.1. A potential case could, for example, centre on the organic tomato market in a region of Europe. Additional criteria include data availability, the presence of different forms of market interactions, use of less widely grown cultivars, reliance on organic multiplication of conventionally bred cultivars and the presence of derogations. The case studies will at first lead to a description of supply chain structure and business practises in the respective crop markets, including existing examples of food retailer/wholesalers that have actively encouraged the use of organic seed (e.g. organic potatoes in NL). For each case small stakeholder advisory group of project partners (including business partners of the consortium) will be established by the responsible partner.

Reports on the outcomes of the cross-visits on organic seed production

A report covering 4 cross-visits explaining their programs, the participants, the methodologies applied, the learning outcomes, and their impact. The report will deal with the network building capacity of our approach and reflect on the methodology to provide recommendations for future uses.

Report on breeding gaps and key factors for strengthening small breeding initiatives

A report exploring the breeding gaps for White lupin (CREA), T3.4.2: Brassicas (BNN), T3.4.3: Apple (AEG), T3.4.4: Winter wheat (KU), T.3.4.5 Tomato: (UVP) and key factors for strengthening small breeding initiatives.

Report on the relative importance of different factors encouraging farmers to use/ not use organic seed in organic supply chains

The report will provide better understanding of the values and preferences associated with organic seed use and bottlenecks in the organic seed market and breeding. It will be fed with the following: A mapping of normative values in the literature and in private and governmental standards in the EU and other parts of the world will be carried out by ORC. The value-map will cover both the requirement for use of organic seed as well as the specific organic breeding initiatives. The views of project partners and the status quo analysis in WP1 will also be considered. This mapping exercise will form the basis for consultation, using up to 60 expert interviews (including seed producers, seed traders, breeders, organic organisations and regulators) in BE, BU, DE, DK, ES, FR, GR, HU, IT, LV, NL, PL, UK and CH. The consultation will establish the importance of specific values of organic seed to various stakeholders and their preference regarding the use of organic seed as well as bottlenecks in the organic seed markets. The selection of experts will be developed in collaboration with T4.2 with input from project partners, based on guidance provided. Partners of the respective countries will carry out face-to face or phone interviews and report back on the results, using an interview guide developed by ORC. Small workshops for example at existing organic events (such as European and national organic congresses) might also be used. The consultation will be carried out in close collaboration with WP1.1 and WP6.2 (Stakeholder Platform) and analysis will consider farmers’ view gathered in T1.1.3.

Report with political bottlenecks

Political bottlenecks are obstacles at the level of the competent authorities that hamper the implementation of the rules on organic seed within the organic regulation (EG 834/2007) and in the implementing rules (889/2008). The report will be compiled based on information from several subtasks: national visits and country reports, T1.3.1. contacts with database managers and competent authority, publications ECO-PB /Solibam, status quo analysis from LIVESEED of EU Member States, seed suppliers survey, farmers survey, database survey and further literature. Based on the identified bottlenecks and the information provided in 2018/848 the report discusses and concluded what measures should be included in the delegated acts to avoid/reduce the identified bottlenecks/obstacles for a more harmonized implementation of the new regulation. This deliverable is replacing former M1.9.

A toolbox for identification and description of organic heterogeneous material (New)

A synthetic report to contribute to the future negotiations with stakeholders and policy-makers for the delegated act of the new organic regulation with respect to OHM. This report will propose a proof-of-concept of: (i) different possible tools for characterisation of OHM, regarding constitution, traceability, and description, (ii) a tentative swot analysis of each tool based on experience with the temporary experiment 2014/150/EU (Milestone M2.8) and on stakeholder inputs; (iii) a proposed decision tree to forecast scenarios of application of these tools to particular cases.

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Publications

Towards resilience through systems-based plant breeding. A review

Author(s): Edith T. Lammerts van Bueren, Paul C. Struik, Nick van Eekeren, Edwin Nuijten
Published in: Agronomy for Sustainable Development, Issue 38/5, 2018, ISSN 1774-0746
DOI: 10.1007/s13593-018-0522-6

Insights to plant-microbe interactions provide opportunities to improve resistance breeding against root diseases in grain legumes

Author(s): Lukas Wille, Monika M. Messmer, Bruno Studer, Pierre Hohmann
Published in: Plant, Cell & Environment, Issue 42/1, 2019, Page(s) 20-40, ISSN 0140-7791
DOI: 10.1111/pce.13214

Multi-Parental Advances Generation Inter-Cross Population, to Develop Organic Tomato Genotypes by Participatory Plant Breeding

Author(s): Gabriele Campanelli, Sara Sestili, Nazzareno Acciarri, Francesco Montemurro, Daniela Palma, Fabrizio Leteo, Massimiliano Beretta
Published in: Agronomy, Issue 9/3, 2019, Page(s) 119, ISSN 2073-4395
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy9030119

A generalized statistical framework to assess mixing ability from incomplete mixing designs using binary or higher order variety mixtures and application to wheat

Author(s): Emma Forst, Jérôme Enjalbert, Vincent Allard, Christophe Ambroise, Inès Krissaane, Tristan Mary-Huard, Stéphane Robin, Isabelle Goldringer
Published in: Field Crops Research, Issue 242, 2019, Page(s) 107571, ISSN 0378-4290
DOI: 10.1016/j.fcr.2019.107571

Alternative Oxidase (AOX) Senses Stress Levels to Coordinate Auxin-Induced Reprogramming From Seed Germination to Somatic Embryogenesis—A Role Relevant for Seed Vigor Prediction and Plant Robustness

Author(s): Gunasekaran Mohanapriya, Revuru Bharadwaj, Carlos Noceda, José Hélio Costa, Sarma Rajeev Kumar, Ramalingam Sathishkumar, Karine Leitão Lima Thiers, Elisete Santos Macedo, Sofia Silva, Paolo Annicchiarico, Steven P.C. Groot, Jan Kodde, Aprajita Kumari, Kapuganti Jagadis Gupta, Birgit Arnholdt-Schmitt
Published in: Frontiers in Plant Science, Issue 10, 2019, ISSN 1664-462X
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2019.01134

Re-Introduction of Ancient Wheat Cultivars into Organic Agriculture—Emmer and Einkorn Cultivation Experiences under Marginal Conditions

Author(s): Szilvia Bencze, Marianna Makádi, Tibor J. Aranyos, Mihály Földi, Péter Hertelendy, Péter Mikó, Sara Bosi, Lorenzo Negri, Dóra Drexler
Published in: Sustainability, Issue 12/4, 2020, Page(s) 1584, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su12041584

SYMPOSIUM ON BREEDING FOR DIVERSIFICATION. A Joint Meeting of the EUCARPIA Section Organic and Low - Input Agriculture, ECO - PB, DIVERSify, INSUSFAR, HealthyMinorCereals, LIVESEED, ReMIX and Wheatamix. University of Kassel, 19 th – 21st February 2018 Witzenhausen

Author(s): Bacanovic - Šišic Jelena, Dennenmoser Dominic, R. Finckh Maria
Published in: Proceedings of the EUCARPIA Organic and Low-input Agriculture Section Meetings, 154 pages, Issue 19th to 21st February 2018, 2018, Page(s) 1 - 154
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1288661

LIVESEED - A project boosting varietes and seeds in organic farming funded by EU

Author(s): Weinhappel M.
Published in: Vereinigung der Pflanzenzüchter und Saatgutkaufleute Österreichs (Ed), Issue 20-22 November 2017, 2018, Page(s) 63

Yield stability of barley mixtures and populations

Author(s): Ločmele, I., Legzdiņa, L., Gaile, Z., Kronberga, A.
Published in: Proceedings of the EUCARPIA Organic and Low-input Agriculture Section Meetings, 154 pages, Issue 19th to 21st February 2018, 2018, Page(s) P7/36-38

Perspectives on European organic apple breeding and propagation under the frame of LIVESEED Project

Author(s): Koutis, K., Warlop, F., Bolliger, N., Steinemann, B., Rodriguez Burruezo, A., Mendes Moreira, P. & Messmer, M.
Published in: Proceedings of 18th International Organic Fruit Conference, Germany, Issue February 19-21 2018, 2018, Page(s) 104-107

Proceedings of 4th Fruitculture symposium, Portugal November 29-30 2018

Author(s): Koutis, K., Warlop, F., Bolliger, N., Steinemann, B., Rodriguez Burruezo, A., Mendes Moreira, P. & Messmer, M.
Published in: 2018

Vorstufenselektion auf Anthraknosetoleranz bei Weisser Lupine; Nationale Bioforschungstagung Nov. 2018, Switzerland, Frick

Author(s): J. Alkemade, C. M. Arncken, R. T. Veogele, M. R. Finckh, P. Hohmann, M. Messmer
Published in: 2018

Improving disease resistance of pea - clues from plant-microbe interactions

Author(s): Wille, Lukas; Hohmann, Pierre; Messmer, Monika und Studer, Bruno
Published in: Proceedings of WFSC Symposium 2017, ETH, Zürich, 25.10.2017., 2017

Fitomejoramiento participativo: Proyecto EU Liveseed.

Author(s): Rodriguez, A et all.
Published in: "Proceedings de las XXVI Jornadas Técnicas SEAE ""Innovación Agroecológica y Cambio Climático”, X Seminario Agroecología, Cambio climático y Agroturismo. Orihuela (Alicante)", Issue 19-20 October, 2017, Page(s) 245

El proyecto Liveseeds, las semillas tradicionales y los huertos urbanos ecológicos.

Author(s): Gonzálvez V, Cifre H, Raigón MD
Published in: Proceedings del III Congreso Estatal de Huertos Ecológicos Urbanos y Periurbanos. Valencia, 18-19 junio 2018. Ed. SEAE. pp 53, Issue 18-19 June, 2018, Page(s) 53

Promoviendo el uso de semillas ecológicas procedentes de cultivos ecológicos adaptados. Proyecto Liveseed. Cuaderno de Resúmenes (Book of abstracts) del XIII Congreso de Agricultura Ecológica: “Sistemas alimentarios agroecológicos y cambio climático”.

Author(s): Almenar L, Cifre H, Gonzálvez V, Maixent F
Published in: Proceedings del XIII Congreso de Agricultura Ecológica: “Sistemas alimentarios agroecológicos y cambio climático”., 2018

Performance and selection of winter durum wheat genotypes in different European conventional and organic fields.

Author(s): Mikó P, Vida G, Rakszegi M, Lafferty J, Lorentz B, Longin CFH, Megyeri M
Published in: Proceedings of A Börner, G Galiba, A Bálint (eds.): 4th Conference of Cereal Biotechnology and Breeding (CBB4) CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 45:(S1), Issue 06-09 November 2017, 2017, Page(s) 51-52

Triticum timococcum: vad fajok egyidejű kiaknázása a búzanemesítésben. In: Karsai I és Polgár Zs (eds.): XXIV. Növénynemesítési Tudományos Nap – Összefoglalók – 2018. március 6. MTA Agrártudományok Osztályának Növénynemesítési Tudományos Bizottsága, Magyar Növénynemesítők Egyesülete, Budapest, 106.

Author(s): Mikó P, Megyeri M, Lángné Molnár M, Rakszegi M, Vida Gy
Published in: 2018, Page(s) 314-318

Selection of winter cereals for organic agriculture. In: Langin T et. al. (eds.): Breeding cereals for sustainable agriculture. Book of Abstracts - EUCARPIA Cereal Section Meeting 19-22 March 2018. INRA, Clermont-Ferrand, France, 122.

Author(s): Mikó P, Megyeri M, Molnár-Láng M, Rakszegi M, Vida G
Published in: Breeding cereals for sustainable agriculture. Book of Abstracts - EUCARPIA Cereal Section Meeting, Issue 19-22 March 2018., 2018, Page(s) 122

Strategic use of virulence pattern to develop genetic markers for resistance to common bunt (Tilletia caries) in wheat

Author(s): Anders Borgen, Gunter Backes, Karl-Josef Müller, and Hartmut Spiess
Published in: Proceedings of the XXth International Workshop on the Smuts and Bunts, 2018

Strategic use of virulence pattern to develop genetic markers for resistance to common bunt (Tilletia caries) in wheat

Author(s): Borgen, Anders; Backes, Gunter; Müller, Karl-Josef und Spieß, Hartmut
Published in: Hole, David (Hrsg.) Abstract of the XX international Workshop on Smuts and bunts., Utah State University, 2018, Page(s) 24-25

Continued Discussion in Europe on Breeding Techniques Suited for Organic Agriculture

Author(s): Edith Lammerts van Bueren
Published in: Proceedings of the 9th Organic Seed Growers Conference, Issue February 14 - 17, 2018, 2018

Assessment of spring barley populations in comparison to homogenous varieties

Author(s): Indra Locmele, Linda Legzdina, Dace Piliksere, Zinta Gaile, Arta Kronberga
Published in: Research for rural development, Issue Agricultural Sciences, 2019, Page(s) 21-28
DOI: 10.22616/rrd.25.2019.044

2nd EUCARPIA Workshop on Implementing Plant-Microbe Interactions in Plant Breeding

Author(s): Pierre Hohmann, Friederike Trognitz, Monika Messmer
Published in: 2019

Symposium on organic breeding activities

Author(s): Monika Messmer
Published in: Symposium on organic breeding activities, Issue 19th of July 2018, 2018

Respiration Traits as Novel Markers for Plant Robustness Under the Threat of Climate Change: A Protocol for Validation

Author(s): Birgit Arnholdt-Schmitt
Published in: Plant Respiration and Internal Oxygen, 2017, Page(s) pp 183-191

Organic seed databases for increasing the transparency and use of organic seed in Europe

Author(s): Kurrig M.; Schaefer F.; Aigner M.; Messmer M
Published in: Issue 13-17, 2018, Page(s) 22-23

Key issues in breeding and trialling robust cereal cultivars for organic farming

Author(s): Spieß, H. Schmehe, Ben Vollenweider, Carl
Published in: Improving organic crop cultivation, 2018, Page(s) pp.3-32

Valorização de recursos genéticos endógenos através das sinergias multi-ator: O caso do programa VASO 2.0

Author(s): Mendes Moreira P, Dinis I, Santos D, Vaz Patto MC
Published in: Cooperação entre a Comunidade e o Ensino Superior, 2018, Page(s) 270

Necessidades Educativas Especiais e Inclusão

Author(s): Gaspar J, Mendes-Moreira P, Brites C, Gomes D, Dias S, Melo F, Ferreira R, Abreu H
Published in: Cooperação entre a Comunidade e o Ensino Superior, 2018, Page(s) 270

Seed databases boosting organic production

Author(s): Gatzert, Xenia; Messmer, Monika; Schäfer, Freya; Klaiss, Matthias; Aigner, Magdalena; Kurrig, Magdalena und Mészáros, Dóra
Published in: Rural Connections Magazine, Issue Spring/Summer 2018, 2018, Page(s) 22-23

Incentives and constraints for the use of organic seeds in organic farming: example of Capsicum annuum seeds in the Netherlands and Spain.

Author(s): Brühl, Katharina
Published in: 2017