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FLExible Dimethyl ether production from biomass Gasification with sorption-enhancED processes

Deliverables

Preliminary process simulations

Report on preliminary process simulation study with mass and energy balances, sensitivity analysis and simplified economic analysis of the complete FLEDGED system. The key performance indexes are calculated and the key process variables affecting the energy performance and economics are identified. Reference task: 4.1.

Updated experimental matrix for SEG and SEDMES tests

Definition of the final experimental matrices for testing SEG and SEDMES processes. Matrices are based on the results from the process simulations of the complete FLEDGED system in WP4 and from the experimental tests obtained so far in WP2 and 3. Reference task: 3.1.

Synthesis, characterization and catalytic performance of HPA and Al2O3 catalysts for methanol dehydration

The deliverable focuses on the development of catalysts for DME production based on heteropolyacids and comparison of their performance against benchmark Al2O3 catalysts. Commercial HPAs (W, P…) will be deposited on different supports (TiO2, Ce2O3, Al2O3, carbon…) using different loadings. Catalysts will be characterized to determine their bulk and surface composition, their textural properties and their acidity by XRD, XPS, BET, thermal analysis and chemisorption of CO2 and or NH3 amongst others. In addition the catalytic performance for methanol dehydration will be evaluated in a fixed bed reactor and compared with Al2O3 . The effects of variable such as T, P and GHSV for methanol conversion and selectivity will be evaluated. The best catalyst(s) will be identified. Reference task: 2.2.

Final project report

Description of the achievements of the project. Technical achievements in each WP are reported. Reference tasks: 1.2, 1.3.

Catalytic performance of novel catalyst mixtures for the direct synthesis of DME

This deliverable aims to identify the optimum composition of catalysts mixtures for the production of DME from syngas in fixed bed reactor. Mixtures will comprise a syngas to methanol catalyst and dehydration catalyst. The effect of the nature of each catalyst, relative loading and degree of mixing will be evaluated in terms of syngas conversion, DME production and durability. In addition, reaction conditions P, T and GHSV will be optimized. Reference task: 2.1.

Characterisation of raw materials for sorption enhanced gasification

This deliverable will be a report that will compile all the information obtained in the analysis of the different fuels that will be used in the gasification experiments along the projects. In addition, the sorbents used in the sorption enhanced gasification will be also analysed and the results will be also reported in this deliverable. Reference task: 2.1.

Experimental matrix for SEG and SEDMES tests

Definition of the first experimental matrices for testing SEG and SEDMES processes. Matrices are based on the results from the first process simulations of the complete FLEDGED system in WP4 and the experimental results of WP2. Reference task: 3.1.

Synthesis, characterization and catalytic performance of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 and MnOx/Co3O4 for the methanol synthesis

MnOx/Co3O4 catalysts with different compositions (Mn to Co ratios) will be prepared by different procedures including co-precipitation at controlled pH. Catalysts will be characterized by different techniques including BET, XRD, XPS, ATG and TEM. The catalytic performance for the synthesis of methanol from syngas will be evaluated in fixed bed reactor at different P, T and GHSV and compared against benchmark Cu/Zn/Al2O3 in terms of activity, selectivity and durability. Reference task: 2.2.

Goal and scope of the Sustainability and Process Safety analysis

D6.1 aims at defining a comprehensive framework to assess the environmental, socio-economic and safety performance of the investigated biomass-to-liquid value chains. It also includes the management of data collection within WP6 (including coordination, preparation of data collection templates, definition of a time plan, etc.). Reference tasks: 6.1, 6.2, 6.3.

Results from methane reduction tests at lab-scale facilities

A summary on the lab scale research results on reduction of methane yield in the SEG process and beneficial means of integration of unconverted methane recycled from the DME synthesis is presented. Reference task: 2.1.

Results of the sorption enhanced gasification in CSIC and USTUTT lab-scale testing

This deliverable will be a report where all the results and conclusions obtained in the sorption enhanced gasification tests will be shown. The results of the two lab-scale facilities involved in the project will be reported. Reference task: 2.1.

FLEDGED web site and social media

FLEDGED web site is created and project social media accounts are on line. Reference task: 8.2.

Publications

Reversible deactivation of γ-alumina by steam in the gas-phase dehydration of methanol to dimethyl ether

Author(s): Jurriaan Boon, Jasper van Kampen, Roelof Hoogendoorn, Stefania Tanase, Frans P.F. van Berkel, Martin van Sint Annaland
Published in: Catalysis Communications, Issue 119, 2019, Page(s) 22-27, ISSN 1566-7367
DOI: 10.1016/j.catcom.2018.10.008

Steam separation enhanced reactions: Review and outlook

Author(s): Jasper van Kampen, Jurriaan Boon, Frans van Berkel, Jaap Vente, Martin van Sint Annaland
Published in: Chemical Engineering Journal, Issue 374, 2019, Page(s) 1286-1303, ISSN 1385-8947
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2019.06.031

MODELLING OF INDIRECT STEAM GASIFICATION IN CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED REACTORS

Author(s): Kari Myöhänen, Juha Palonen, Timo Hyppänen
Published in: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Technology, 2017

PRODUCTION OF TAILORED SYNGAS FOR DIMETHYL ETHER SYNTHESIS BY SORPTION ENHANCED GASIFICATION

Author(s): Selina Hafner, Nina Armbrust, Reinhold Spörl, Günter Scheffknecht
Published in: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Technology, 2017

Separation Enhanced Dimethyl Ether Synthesis

Author(s): Jurriaan Boon, F.P.F. van Berkel, H.A.J. van Dijk, J.F. Vente
Published in: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Tailor-Made Fuels from Biomass, 2017

The FLEDGED project: DME production from biomass gasification with flexible

Author(s): M.C. Romano, I. Martínez, C. Alonso, J. Boon, E. Coda, A. Dauriat, G. Grasa, T. Hyppänen, T. Jayabalan, J. Mooijer, R. Murillo, J. Palonen, J. Ritvanen, S. Rojas, R. Spörl, J. Vente
Published in: Proceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, 2017

Promoting safety in innovative and sustainable biomass value chains

Author(s): Guy MARLAIR, Anitha MURALIDHARA, Thangavelu JAYABALAN, Karine ADAM, Christophe LEN
Published in: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Green Chemistry, 2017

Experimental investigation of the sorption enhanced gasification of biomass in a dual fluidized bed pilot plant

Author(s): Hafner S., Schmid M., Spörl R., Scheffknecht G.
Published in: Proceedings of the 27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, 2019

Methane reforming and water electrolysis system integrated in a DME synthesis plant from biomass based on Sorption-Enhanced technologies

Author(s): G. Guandalini, A. Poluzzi, M.C. Romano
Published in: Proceedings of the 27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, 2019

Sorption enhanced dimethyl ether synthesis: process analysis and reactor modelling

Author(s): Simone Guffanti, Carlo Giorgio Visconti, Gianpiero Groppi
Published in: Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Chemical Reaction Engineering, 2017

Experimental investigation on sorption enhanced gasification (SEG) of biomass in a fluidized bed reactor for producing a tailored syngas

Author(s): I. Martínez, V. Kulakova, G. Grasa, R. Murillo
Published in: Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on Fuel and Energy Research and its Applications, 2018

The Sorbent and the Process: CO2 and H2O Sorption Enhancement in Chemical Reactors

Author(s): Jurriaan Boon
Published in: Proceedings of the XXIII International Conference on Chemical Reactors, 2018

THE EFFECTS OF INTRAPARTICLE DIFFUSION PHENOMENA ON DIMETHYL ETHER DIRECT SYNTHESIS

Author(s): Simone Guffanti, Carlo Giorgio Visconti, Gianpiero Groppi
Published in: Proceedings of the XXIII International Conference on Chemical Reactors, 2018

Modelling of Sorption-enhanced Biomass Gasification in Dual Fluidized Bed Process

Author(s): Jouni Ritvanen, Antti Pitkäoja, Simo Sepponen, Timo Hyppänen
Published in: Proceedings of the 23rd International conference on Fludized Bed Conversion, 2018

Sorption Enhanced Gasification: Process validation and investigations on the syngas composition in a 200 kWth dual fluidized bed facility

Author(s): Selina Hafner, Reinhold Spörl, Günter Scheffknecht
Published in: Proceedings of the 23rd International conference on Fludized Bed Conversion, 2018

Effect of the support on the performance of heteropolyacid catalysts for DME production from methanol

Author(s): Cristina Peinado, Dalia Liuzzi, Rosa M. Ladera, M. Retuerto, Miguel. A. Peña, Sergio Rojas
Published in: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on the Catalysis for Clean Energy and Sustainable Chemistry, 2018

Sorption Enhanced Gasification (SEG) of Biomass with CO2 Capture for the Production of Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) and DME for Transport Sector with Negative Emissions

Author(s): Isabel Martínez, Giulio Guandalini, Selina Hafner, Reinhold Spörl, Matteo Romano
Published in: Proceedings of the 14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference, 2019

Preliminary Simulation Study and Heat Integration of a Highly Intensified and Flexible Process for Bio-DME and Electricity Production

Author(s): Cristina Elsido, Giulio Guandalini, Matteo C. Romano, Emanuele Martelli
Published in: Proceedings of the 13th Conference on sustainable development of energy, water and environment systems, 2018

Heteropolyacid based catalysts for the production of dimethyl ether from methanol. Effects of reaction pressure and nature of the support

Author(s): C. Peinado, D. Liuzzi, M. Retuerto, Rosa M. Ladera, M. Peña, J. L. G. Fierro, S. Rojas
Published in: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Green Chemistry, 2019

Effect of copper loading and CO2/CO ratio for the production of methanol over Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts from biomass-derived syngas

Author(s): C. Peinado, D. Liuzzi, M. Retuerto, M. A. Peña, J. L. G. Fierro, S. Rojas
Published in: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Green Chemistry, 2019