Periodic Reporting for period 2 - SPICES (Scaling-up Packages of Interventions for Cardiovascular disease prevention in selected sites in Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa: An implementation research (SPICES Project))
Reporting period: 2018-07-01 to 2019-12-31
The coordinator and project manager (WP 1), in collaboration with the Consortium members, organised three face-to-face meetings in different locations (Antwerp, Limpopo, Sussex). Every meeting included a workshop (GDPR, Scientific writing) or a community activity (Official ceremony for home based cares to receive certificate of CVD prevention training at UL). The tradition of field visits was continued for those settings we did not visit during the last reporting period (UA and UL). The Consortium partners continued their efforts for mutual learning (learning community) during the face to face and work meetings by skype.
Several efforts have been undertaken to disseminate SPICES work (WP 8) both locally, at the contextual level and internationally at the Global level. During this period, at least each site has presented an abstract on SPICES work at a research or scientific conferences either as poster or oral presentation. The project website continued to be updated with project activities. A third edition of SPICES Newsletter was published. Different contexts were hosted on local media, designed local websites and social media sites. A global SPICES twitter handle was created. Scientific protocols and articles have been published and contextual protocols were registered with accredited national or international registries.
A summary of activities of the implementation activities is provided in the next paragraphs. Details are reported in the different work package reports.
WP 2 ended in this reporting period. The main objective was to provide crucial information and a realistic picture of the opportunities, resources, challenges and barriers in relation to CVD prevention and management in the project sites. Situational analysis, development of local project plans, designing and testing the RedCAP tool for data collection, developing and implementing training for profilers and coaches and baseline surveys have been done. D2.2 (mHealth evaluation report) was submitted and milestones 4, 5 and 6 were met during this reporting period. Involvement with stakeholders, looking into barriers and facilitators, training profilers and coaches will continue and will be reported in the implementation and evaluation packages (WP 4-5-6-7).
Teams started to implement their health promotion activities (WP 3) through community engagement and knowledge translation approaches (based on D3.1). NTU, in collaboration with the consortium, developed a model to consider case studies for the SPICES Project at micro level (within the setting), meso-level (at partner level) and macro level (at whole consortium / global level). This model was agreed by consortium members and work is beginning to define a set of agreed criteria to enable cross and meta-analysis of the cases.
Within the Consortium, early on the decision was made to focus on primary prevention of CVD and to concentrate mainly on non-medical (lifestyle) interventions, leading to 2 big foci in all settings: First, profiling participants for their cardiovascular disease risk, mostly by non-medically trained community members (mainly reported in WP 4) and second, supporting/coaching those who have an intermediated risk in changing their lifestyle while referring those with a high risk to usual care (mainly reported in WP 5 and 6). A basic guide for these training profilers and coaches was developed with the whole consortium and has been taken up to be adapted locally by all the partners. In some settings this means training existing home based carers, in other it means training community members in villages or providing additional training for professionals or lay people already providing lifestyle change support. The actual training and implementation of profiling and coaching differs depending on the context. Since the activities implemented and evaluated in WP 3-4-5-6 are closely linked together (multicomponent intervention), there is some overlap in the reporting in the different WPs.
The overarching evaluation frameworks (WP 7) used by all partners are CFIR and RE-AIM. Both qualitative and quantitative inquiries are currently being undertaken to evaluate the implementation of the intervention and the different strategies. Whereas the project is making progress on this work and the protocols are in place, the actual concurrent evaluation for most sites is envisioned in the year 2020 and will best be reported in the 3rd periodic report.
Currently, all sites are starting to make an impact on people profiled and coached, on healthcare organisations that are strengthened to carry out their activities, on community organisations and members of the community who are educated on the risk factors of CVD’s and are involved and supported to participate in CVD prevention. All partners have also invested in networking, both locally, regionally and nationally, to try and safeguard the sustainability of the actions once the project will end.