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Laser Lightning Rod

Deliverables

Laser amplifier 200 mJ

Laser amplifier 200 mJ

Design and test report on tropicalisation of the laser

Design and test report on tropicalisation of the laser

Design and test report on the interferometer

Design and test report on the interferometer

Report on outdoor test definition

Report on outdoor test definition

Report of the kick off meeting

Report of the kick off meeting

Dissemination and Exploitation Plan

Dissemination and Exploitation Plan, to be updated for the action checks

Results from tests with 200 mJ system

Results from tests with 200 mJ system

Report on lightning campaign preparation

Report on lightning campaign preparation

Report on the analysis of the initition of upward flashes at the Säntis tower

Report on the analysis of the initition of upward flashes at the Säntis tower

Website

Website with open and secured session and logo. Will be updated regularly.

Publications

Molecular quantum wakes for clearing fog

Author(s): Malte C. Schroeder, Ilia Larkin, Thomas Produit, Eric W. Rosenthal, Howard Milchberg, Jean-Pierre Wolf
Published in: Optics Express, Issue 28/8, 2020, Page(s) 11463, ISSN 1094-4087
DOI: 10.1364/OE.389393

LMA observations of upward lightning flashes at the Säntis Tower initiated by nearby lightning activity

Author(s): Antonio Sunjerga, Marcos Rubinstein, Nicolau Pineda, Amirhossein Mostajabi, Mohammad Azadifar, David Romero, Oscar Van der Velde, Joan Montanya, Jordi Figueras i Ventura, Nikola Besic, Jacopo Grazioli, Alessandro Hering, Urs Germann, Gerhard Diendorfer, Farhad Rachidi
Published in: Electric Power Systems Research, Issue 181, 2020, Page(s) 106067, ISSN 0378-7796
DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2019.106067

Numerical and Experimental Validation of Electromagnetic Time Reversal for Geolocation of Lightning Strikes

Author(s): Hamidreza Karami, Mohammad Azadifar, Amirhossein Mostajabi, Marcos Rubinstein, Farhad Rachidi
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Issue 62/5, 2020, Page(s) 2156-2163, ISSN 0018-9375
DOI: 10.1109/temc.2019.2957531

The Polarity Reversal of Lightning‐Generated Sky Wave

Author(s): W. Hou, M. Azadifar, M. Rubinstein, F. Rachidi, Q. Zhang
Published in: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Issue 125/17, 2020, ISSN 2169-897X
DOI: 10.1029/2020jd032448

Meteorological Aspects of Self‐Initiated Upward Lightning at the Säntis Tower (Switzerland)

Author(s): Pineda, Nicolau; Figueras i Ventura, Jordi; Romero, David; Mostajabi, Amirhossein; Azadifar, Mohammad; Sunjerga, Antonio; Rachidi, Farhad; Rubinstein, Marcos; Montanyà, Joan; Velde, Oscar; Altube, Patricia; Besic, Nikola; Grazioli, Jacopo; Germann, Urs; Williams, Earle R.
Published in: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Issue 1, 2019, ISSN 2169-8996
DOI: 10.1029/2019jd030834

A Study of a Large Bipolar Lightning Event Observed at the Säntis Tower

Author(s): Mohammad Azadifar, Marcos Rubinstein, Farhad Rachidi, Vladimir A. Rakov, Gerhard Diendorfer, Wolfgang Schulz, Davide Pavanello
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Issue 61/3, 2019, Page(s) 796-806, ISSN 0018-9375
DOI: 10.1109/temc.2019.2913220

Characteristics of different charge transfer modes in upward flashes inferred from simultaneously measured currents and fields

Author(s): Lixia He, Mohammad Azadifar, Quanxin Li, Marcos Rubinstein, Vladimir A. Rakov, Arturo Mediano, Davide Pavanello, Farhad Rachidi
Published in: High Voltage, Issue 5/1, 2020, Page(s) 30-37, ISSN 2397-7264
DOI: 10.1049/hve.2019.0017

Dynamics of the femtosecond laser-triggered spark gap

Author(s): E. W. Rosenthal, I. Larkin, A. Goffin, T. Produit, M. C. Schroeder, J.-P. Wolf, H. M. Milchberg
Published in: Optics Express, Issue 28/17, 2020, Page(s) 24599, ISSN 1094-4087
DOI: 10.1364/oe.398836

A New Engineering Model of Lightning M Component That Reproduces Its Electric Field Waveforms at Both Close and Far Distances

Author(s): Mohammad Azadifar, Marcos Rubinstein, Quanxin Li, Farhad Rachidi, Vladimir Rakov
Published in: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Issue 124/24, 2019, Page(s) 14008-14023, ISSN 2169-897X
DOI: 10.1029/2019jd030796

Measurement and Modeling of Both Distant and Close Electric Fields of an M‐Component in Rocket‐Triggered Lightning

Author(s): Quanxin Li, Farhad Rachidi, Marcos Rubinstein, Jianguo Wang, Li Cai, Mohammad Azadifar, Amirhossein Mostajabi, Mi Zhou, Yadong Fan
Published in: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Issue 125/21, 2020, ISSN 2169-897X
DOI: 10.1029/2019jd032300

Ultrafast thin-disk multipass amplifier with 720 mJ operating at kilohertz repetition rate for applications in atmospheric research

Author(s): Clemens Herkommer, Peter Krötz, Robert Jung, Sandro Klingebiel, Christoph Wandt, Robert Bessing, Pierre Walch, Thomas Produit, Knut Michel, Dominik Bauer, Reinhard Kienberger, Thomas Metzger
Published in: Optics Express, Issue 28/20, 2020, Page(s) 30164, ISSN 1094-4087
DOI: 10.1364/oe.404185

Shockwave-assisted laser filament conductivity

Author(s): Elise Schubert, Denis Mongin, Thomas Produit, Guillaume Schimmel, Jérôme Kasparian, Jean-Pierre Wolf
Published in: Applied Physics Letters, Issue 111/21, 2017, Page(s) 211103, ISSN 0003-6951
DOI: 10.1063/1.5006854

An Analysis of Current and Electric Field Pulses Associated With Upward Negative Lightning Flashes Initiated from the Säntis Tower

Author(s): Lixia He, Mohammad Azadifar, Farhad Rachidi, Marcos Rubinstein, Vladimir A. Rakov, Vernon Cooray, Davide Pavanello, Hongyan Xing
Published in: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Issue 123 (2018), 2018, Page(s) 4045-4059, ISSN 2169-897X
DOI: 10.1029/2018jd028295

Free space laser telecommunication through fog

Author(s): Guillaume Schimmel, Thomas Produit, Denis Mongin, Jérôme Kasparian, Jean-Pierre Wolf
Published in: Optica, Issue 5/10, 2018, Page(s) 1338, ISSN 2334-2536
DOI: 10.1364/optica.5.001338

HV discharges triggered by dual- and triple-frequency laser filaments

Author(s): Thomas Produit, Pierre Walch, Guillaume Schimmel, Benoît Mahieu, Clemens Herkommer, Robert Jung, Thomas Metzger, Knut Michel, Yves-Bernard André, André Mysyrowicz, Aurélien Houard, Jérôme Kasparian, Jean-Pierre Wolf
Published in: Optics Express, Issue 27/8, 2019, Page(s) 11339, ISSN 1094-4087
DOI: 10.1364/oe.27.011339

Analysis of a bipolar upward lightning flash based on simultaneous records of currents and 380-km distant electric fields

Author(s): Amirhossein Mostajabi, Dongshuai Li, Mohammad Azadifar, Farhad Rachidi, Marcos Rubinstein, Gerhard Diendorfer, Wolfgang Schulz, Hannes Pichler, Vladimir A. Rakov, Davide Pavanello
Published in: Electric Power Systems Research, Issue 174, 2019, Page(s) 105845, ISSN 0378-7796
DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2019.04.023

Polarimetric radar characteristics of lightning initiation and propagating channels

Author(s): Jordi Figueras i Ventura, Nicolau Pineda, Nikola Besic, Jacopo Grazioli, Alessandro Hering, Oscar A. van der Velde, David Romero, Antonio Sunjerga, Amirhossein Mostajabi, Mohammad Azadifar, Marcos Rubinstein, Joan Montanyà, Urs Germann, Farhad Rachidi
Published in: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Issue 12/5, 2019, Page(s) 2881-2911, ISSN 1867-8548
DOI: 10.5194/amt-12-2881-2019

Analysis of the lightning production of convective cells

Author(s): Figueras i Ventura, Jordi; Pineda, Nicolau; Besic, Nikola; Grazioli, Jacopo; Hering, Alessandro; van der Velde, Oscar A.; Romero, David; Sunjerga, Antonio; Mostajabi, Amirhossein; Azadifar, Mohammad; Rubinstein, Marcos; Montanyà, Joan; Germann, Urs; Rachidi, Farhad
Published in: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Issue 12, 2019, Page(s) 5573-5591, ISSN 1867-1381
DOI: 10.5194/amt-12-5573-2019

Machine Learning-Based Lightning Localization Algorithm Using Lightning-Induced Voltages on Transmission Lines

Author(s): Hamidreza Karami, Amirhossein Mostajabi, Mohammad Azadifar, Marcos Rubinstein, Chijie Zhuang, Farhad Rachidi
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Issue 62/6, 2020, Page(s) 2512-2519, ISSN 0018-9375
DOI: 10.1109/temc.2020.2978429

The Laser Lightning Rod project

Author(s): Thomas Produit, Pierre Walch, Clemens Herkommer, Amirhossein Mostajabi, Michel Moret, Ugo Andral, Antonio Sunjerga, Mohammad Azadifar, Yves-Bernard André, Benoît Mahieu, Walter Haas, Bruno Esmiller, Gilles Fournier, Peter Krötz, Thomas Metzger, Knut Michel, André Mysyrowicz, Marcos Rubinstein, Farhad Rachidi, Jérôme Kasparian, Jean-Pierre Wolf, Aurélien Houard
Published in: The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 2020, Page(s) 30501, ISSN 1286-0042
DOI: 10.1051/epjap/2020200243

Single-Sensor Source Localization Using Electromagnetic Time Reversal and Deep Transfer Learning: Application to Lightning

Author(s): Amirhossein Mostajabi, Hamidreza Karami, Mohammad Azadifar, Alireza Ghasemi, Marcos Rubinstein, Farhad Rachidi
Published in: Scientific Reports, Issue 9/1, 2019, ISSN 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-53934-4

Simultaneous records of current and 380-km distant electric field of a bipolar lightning flash

Author(s): Amirhossein Mostajabi, Mohammad Azadifar, Farhad Rachidi, Marcos Rubinstein, Gerhard Diendorfer, Wolfgang Schulz, Hannes Pichler, Vladimir A. Rakov, Mario Paolone, Davide Pavanello
Published in: 2017 International Symposium on Lightning Protection (XIV SIPDA), Issue XV, 02.06.2017, 2017, Page(s) 183-187
DOI: 10.1109/sipda.2017.8116921

On the Similarity of Electric Field Signatures of Upward and Downward Negative Leaders

Author(s): M. Azadifar, M. Rubinstein, F. Rachidi, V.A. Rakov, D. Pavanello, S. Metz
Published in: 2018 34th International Conference on Lightning Protection (ICLP), 2018, Page(s) 1-6
DOI: 10.1109/iclp.2018.8503362

Datasets

Data for a paper submitted to JGR:Atmospheres

Author(s): Wenhao Hou
Published in: figshare

Lightning Data at Säntis Tower (August 2016)

Author(s): Rachidi, Farhad; Rubinstein, Marcos
Published in: Zenodo