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Innovative cladding materials for advanced accident-tolerant energy systems

Deliverables

Workshop on MAX phases for harsh environments

This Workshop will convey all aspects in the processing of MAX phases, with special attention on application-driven chemical & microstructural optimisation. Also emphasis will be put on the relation between MAX phase composition (including solid solutions) & microstructure with in-service mechanical performance. Setting the scene for the development of MAX phase-based material designed for harsh environments (irradiation, corrosive media, high temperatures & pressures) will primarily be based on the state-of-the-art know-how on bulk MAX phase materials, extrapolating in the field of applications requiring the deposition of coatings to ensure the protection of a substrate. This Workshop will be organised at UP (long-standing experience in MAX phase production & characterisation) and lectures will be given by top MAX phase experts in the Consortium (DU, KU Leuven, SCK•CEN, ICL, UCAM, UoM, UoH, UP, RWTH) and industries (SHT).

Workshop on surface engineering technologies

This Workshop will cover aspects of the surface engineering technologies (coatings & surface modification) used in the project, providing a basic background on thin film physics. The specific characteristics and limitations of the coating technologies (magnetron sputtering, cathodic arc deposition, cold spraying, pulsed laser deposition) and the GESA surface modification process considered in IL TROVATORE will be addressed, including state-of-the-art interface engineering approaches for particular systems. This Workshop will be organised at KIT (GESA process development and upscaling to 1 m-long tubes) and lectures will be given by top experts in the field of thin film and surface engineering technologies (RWTH, LiU, HSU, IIT, KIT) and industries (PLANSEE, HAUZER).

Mid-term review of predictive modelling activities

Background study; codes, models & parameters for n-damage in SiC and PyC/SiC; thermodynamic stability of coating alloys and coated clad systems; ab initio models on coating thermomechanical and chemical stability, n-induced defect microstructures, etc.; in-service damage evolution

TEM specimen preparation protocol for irradiated materials

Establishment of a material-specific TEM specimen preparation protocol for ion/proton-irradiated materials

Detailed design of MISTRAL rig

An existing MISTRAL rig design (able to irradiate in the 250-350C range) will be adapted to meet the project goals, taking into account the materials to be irradiated (i.e., chemical composition, density, specimen geometry)

Standardisation roadmap

Identify standardisation activities and suggest associated implementation plan

Communication action plan

Detailed communication action plan considering the suggestions of all involved parties

Project website & logo

Creation of project website & 'visual identity' (logo – see section 2.2.2)

Data Management Plan (DMP)

Since IL TROVATORE participates to the Open Research Data Pilot, the first draft of the Data Management Plan (DMP) must be submitted to the EC within the first 6 months of the project. The DMP will evolve during the project, until a mature data management policy is established during the project lifetime.

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Publications

The double solid solution (Zr, Nb)2(Al, Sn)C MAX phase: a steric stability approach

Author(s): Thomas Lapauw, Bensu Tunca, Daniel Potashnikov, Asaf Pesach, Offir Ozeri, Jozef Vleugels, Konstantina Lambrinou
Published in: Scientific Reports, Issue 8/1, 2018, ISSN 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-31271-2

Synthesis, properties and thermal decomposition of the Ta4AlC3 MAX phase

Author(s): Matteo Griseri, Bensu Tunca, Thomas Lapauw, Shuigen Huang, Lucia Popescu, Michel W. Barsoum, Konstantina Lambrinou, Jozef Vleugels
Published in: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Issue 39/10, 2019, Page(s) 2973-2981, ISSN 0955-2219
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.04.021

Synthesis and Characterization of Double Solid Solution (Zr,Ti) 2 (Al,Sn)C MAX Phase Ceramics

Author(s): Bensu Tunca, Thomas Lapauw, Rémi Delville, Daniel R. Neuville, Louis Hennet, Dominique Thiaudière, Thierry Ouisse, Joke Hadermann, Jozef Vleugels, Konstantina Lambrinou
Published in: Inorganic Chemistry, 2019, ISSN 0020-1669
DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00065

Electron and phonon interactions and transport in the ultrahigh-temperature ceramic ZrC

Author(s): Thomas A. Mellan, Alex Aziz, Yi Xia, Ricardo Grau-Crespo, Andrew I. Duff
Published in: Physical Review B, Issue 99/9, 2019, ISSN 2469-9950
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.094310

Influence of composition and heating schedules on compatibility of FeCrAl alloys with high-temperature steam

Author(s): Chongchong Tang, Adrian Jianu, Martin Steinbrueck, Mirco Grosse, Alfons Weisenburger, Hans Juergen Seifert
Published in: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Issue 511, 2018, Page(s) 496-507, ISSN 0022-3115
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.09.026

Bonding and oxidation protection of Ti2AlC and Cr2AlC for a Ni-based superalloy

Author(s): Maxim Sokol, Jian Yang, Hrishikesh Keshavan, Michel W. Barsoum
Published in: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Issue 39/4, 2019, Page(s) 878-882, ISSN 0955-2219
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2018.10.019

Spontaneous Frenkel pair formation in zirconium carbide

Author(s): Thomas A. Mellan, Andrew I. Duff, Michael W. Finnis
Published in: Physical Review B, Issue 98/17, 2018, ISSN 2469-9950
DOI: 10.1103/physrevb.98.174116

On the interactions of Ti2AlC, Ti3AlC2, Ti3SiC2 and Cr2AlC with palladium at 900 °C

Author(s): G.W. Bentzel, M. Sokol, J. Griggs, A.C. Lang, M.W. Barsoum
Published in: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Issue 771, 2019, Page(s) 1103-1110, ISSN 0925-8388
DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.08.127