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Innovative cladding materials for advanced accident-tolerant energy systems

Deliverables

Workshop on MAX phases for harsh environments

This Workshop will convey all aspects in the processing of MAX phases, with special attention on application-driven chemical & microstructural optimisation. Also emphasis will be put on the relation between MAX phase composition (including solid solutions) & microstructure with in-service mechanical performance. Setting the scene for the development of MAX phase-based material designed for harsh environments (irradiation, corrosive media, high temperatures & pressures) will primarily be based on the state-of-the-art know-how on bulk MAX phase materials, extrapolating in the field of applications requiring the deposition of coatings to ensure the protection of a substrate. This Workshop will be organised at UP (long-standing experience in MAX phase production & characterisation) and lectures will be given by top MAX phase experts in the Consortium (DU, KU Leuven, SCK•CEN, ICL, UCAM, UoM, UoH, UP, RWTH) and industries (SHT).

Workshop on multiscale modelling

This Workshop will introduce the students to the principles of multiscale modelling and simulation techniques needed to predict in-service material behaviour and better understand material degradation mechanisms. The Workshop will include lectures based on the project modelling approaches (BCA, KMC, first principle calculations, molecular dynamics, FEM) as well as hands-on computer/simulation exercises. This one week-long Workshop will be organised at KU Leuven as an activity of the ATHENS (Advanced Technology Higher Education Network) network, which is made of 15 leading European technological Universities with KU Leuven being one of them. The ATHENS network (http://athensnetwork.eu) organises intensive short-duration specialization courses during pre-defined periods of the academic year (November and March) at each member institution. The so-called ATHENS week was established with the support of the EC SOCRATES programme receiving an annual subsidy of 50000 € between 1997 and 2001. Today, the Programme is mainly funded by contributions of the member institutions. The ATHENS programme facilitates the exchange of students between European technological institutions, usually motivating students to continue their studies at a higher level; each session includes 30 hours of scientific courses and 10-15 hours of 'European Dimension' cultural activities, and is equivalent to 23-ECTS credits. The Workshop lecturers will include top experts from the Consortium (UOXF, UCAM, RWTH, SCK•CEN, KTH, GTT, ICL).

Workshop on surface engineering technologies

This Workshop will cover aspects of the surface engineering technologies (coatings & surface modification) used in the project, providing a basic background on thin film physics. The specific characteristics and limitations of the coating technologies (magnetron sputtering, cathodic arc deposition, cold spraying, pulsed laser deposition) and the GESA surface modification process considered in IL TROVATORE will be addressed, including state-of-the-art interface engineering approaches for particular systems. This Workshop will be organised at KIT (GESA process development and upscaling to 1 m-long tubes) and lectures will be given by top experts in the field of thin film and surface engineering technologies (RWTH, LiU, HSU, IIT, KIT) and industries (PLANSEE, HAUZER).

Mid-term review of predictive modelling activities

Background study; codes, models & parameters for n-damage in SiC and PyC/SiC; thermodynamic stability of coating alloys and coated clad systems; ab initio models on coating thermomechanical and chemical stability, n-induced defect microstructures, etc.; in-service damage evolution

TEM specimen preparation protocol for irradiated materials

Establishment of a material-specific TEM specimen preparation protocol for ion/proton-irradiated materials

Mid-term assessment of ATF cladding/coolant interaction

"Report on the performance of ATF clads & joints that passed the ""go/no-go"" tests; report on underperforming ATF clads & joints; suggestions for further material optimisation"

Detailed design of MISTRAL rig

An existing MISTRAL rig design (able to irradiate in the 250-350C range) will be adapted to meet the project goals, taking into account the materials to be irradiated (i.e., chemical composition, density, specimen geometry)

Standardisation roadmap

Identify standardisation activities and suggest associated implementation plan

Advanced characterisation of ATF clads & joints prior to BR2 irradiation

Thermomechanical damage evolution performance of critical interfaces microstructure coating yield behaviour leak tightness suggestions for further material optimisation

Mid-term review report on existing irradiation data

Background study new ionproton irradiation data

Mid-term assessment of ion/proton irradiation tolerance of ATF clads/joints

Report on the performance of ATF clads & joints with promising irradiation tolerance; report on underperforming ATF clads/joints; suggestions for further material optimisation

Communication action plan

Detailed communication action plan considering the suggestions of all involved parties

Assessment of test procedure for SiC/SiC clads

Evaluation of best-practice testing procedure for SiC/SiC clads & their constituents; test data and associated statistics

Project website & logo

Creation of project website & 'visual identity' (logo – see section 2.2.2)

Data Management Plan (DMP)

Since IL TROVATORE participates to the Open Research Data Pilot, the first draft of the Data Management Plan (DMP) must be submitted to the EC within the first 6 months of the project. The DMP will evolve during the project, until a mature data management policy is established during the project lifetime.

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Publications

The stability of irradiation-induced defects in Zr3AlC2, Nb4AlC3 and (Zr-0.5,Ti-0.5)(3)AlC2 MAX phase-based ceramics

Author(s): Bowden, D; Ward, J; Middleburgh, S; Shubeita, SD; Zapata-Solvas, E; Lapauw, T; Vleugels, J; Lambrinou, K; Lee, WE; Preuss, M; Frankel, P
Published in: ACTA MATERIALIA, 183, 2020, Page(s) 24-35, ISSN 1359-6454
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2019.10.049

Deposition of MAX phase-containing thin films from a (Ti,Zr)2AlC compound target

Author(s): Clio Azina, Bensu Tunca, Andrejs Petruhins, Binbin Xin, Melike Yildizhan, Per O. Å. Persson, Jozef Vleugels, Konstantina Lambrinou, Johanna Rosen, Per Eklund
Published in: Applied Surface Science, 551, 2021, Page(s) 149370, ISSN 0169-4332
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.149370

Design of a PLD-grown Y(2)O(3)protective barrier for fusion relevant applications

Author(s): Paladino, Boris; Vanazzi, Matteo; Iadicicco, Daniele; Perinot, Andrea; Caironi, Mario; Ceseracciu, Luca; Reccagni, Pierfranco; Bassini, Serena; Utili, Marco; Di Fonzo, Fabio
Published in: Nuclear Fusion, Volume 60, Number 10, 2020, Page(s) 106018, ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
DOI: 10.1088/1741-4326/abab51

Highly ductile amorphous oxide at room temperature and high strain rate

Author(s): Frankberg, Erkka J.; Kalikka, Janne; Ferre, Francisco Garcia; Joly-Pottuz, Lucile; Salminen, Turkka; Hintikka, Jouko; Hokka, Mikko; Koneti, Siddardha; Douillard, Thierry; Le Saint, Berangere; Kreiml, Patrice; Cordill, Megan J.; Epicier, Thierry; Stauffer, Douglas; Vanazzi, Matteo; Roiban, Lucian; Akola, Jaakko; Di Fonzo, Fabio; Levanen, Erkki; Masenelli-Varlot, Karine
Published in: SCIENCE, 366/6467, 2019, Page(s) 864-869, ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
DOI: 10.1126/science.aav1254

Towards a better understanding of the high-temperature oxidation of MAX phase Cr2AlC

Author(s): Zuber, A; Gauthier-Brunet, V; Roger, J; Gonzalez-Julian, J; Ouisse, T; Dubois, S
Published in: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 42/5, 2022, Page(s) 2089-2096, ISSN 0955-2219
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2021.12.057

FFT phase-field model combined with cohesive composite voxels for fracture of composite materials with interfaces

Author(s): Yang Chen, Lionel Gelebart, Akdo Marano, James Marrow
Published in: Computational Mechanics, 68, 2021, Page(s) 433–457, ISSN 0178-7675
Publisher: Springer Verlag
DOI: 10.1007/s00466-021-02041-1

Stability of Zr-Al-C and Ti-Al-C MAX phases: A theoretical study

Author(s): Angeliki Poulou, Thomas A Mellan, Michael W Finnis
Published in: Physical Review Materials, 5, 2021, Page(s) 033608, ISSN 0031-899X
Publisher: American Physical Society
DOI: 10.1103/physrevmaterials.5.033608

Early stages of dissolution corrosion in 316L and DIN 1.4970 austenitic stainless steels with and without anticorrosion coatings in static liquid lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) at 500 degrees C

Author(s): Charalampopoulou, Evangelia; Lambrinou, Konstantina; Van der Donck, Tom; Paladino, Boris; Di Fonzo, Fabio; Azina, Clio; Eklund, Per; Mraz, Stanislav; Schneider, Jochen M.; Schryvers, Dominique; Delville, Remi
Published in: Materials Characterization, 178, 2021, Page(s) 111234, ISSN 1044-5803
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.matchar.2021.111234

Chemically complex double solid solution MAX phase-based ceramics in the (Ti,Zr,Hf,V,Nb)-(Al,Sn)-C system

Author(s): Bensu Tunca, Shuigen Huang, Nick Goossens, Konstantina Lambrinou, Jozef Vleugels
Published in: Materials Research Letters, 30, 2022, Page(s) 52-61, ISSN 2166-3831
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/21663831.2021.2017043

Reaction paths and microstructures of nickel and Ti2AlC mixtures hot pressed and annealed in the 1050-1350°C temperature range

Author(s): Wenzhen Wang, Maxim Sokol, Sankalp Kota, Michel W. Barsoum
Published in: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 828, 2020, ISSN 0925-8388
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.154193

On the extraction of yield stresses from micro-compression experiments

Author(s): Purstl, J. T.; Jones, H. O.; Edwards, T. E. J.; Thompson, R. P.; Di Gioacchino, F.; Jones, N. G.; Clegg, W. J.
Published in: MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A: STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 800, 2021, Page(s) 140323, ISSN 0921-5093
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2020.140323

Aerosol Deposition of Ti3SiC2-MAX-Phase Coatings

Author(s): A. Elsenberg, F. Gärtner, T. Klassen
Published in: Journal of Thermal Spray Technologies, 30, 2021, Page(s) 1121–1135, ISSN 1059-9630
Publisher: ASM International
DOI: 10.1007/s11666-021-01194-y

Models and regressions to describe primary damage in silicon carbide

Author(s): Bonny, G.; Buongiorno, L.; Bakaev, A.; Castin, N.
Published in: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 10, 2020, Page(s) 10483, ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-67070-x

Compatibility of Zr2AlC MAX phase-based ceramics with oxygen-poor, static liquid lead–bismuth eutectic

Author(s): Bensu Tunca, Thomas Lapauw, Carolien Callaert, Joke Hadermann, Rémi Delville, El’ad N Caspi, Martin Dahlqvist, Johanna Rosén, Amalraj Marshal, Konda G. Pradeep, Jochen M. Schneider, Jozef Vleugels, Konstantina Lambrinou
Published in: Corrosion Science, 171, 2022, Page(s) 108704, ISSN 0010-938X
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2020.108704

On the fracture behavior of Cr2AlC coatings

Author(s): Voelker, B.; Stelzer, B.; Mraz, S.; Ruess, H.; Sahu, R.; Kirchlechner, C.; Dehm, G.; Schneider, J. M.
Published in: MATERIALS & DESIGN, 206, 2021, Page(s) 109757, ISSN 0264-1275
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2021.109757

Thermal stability enhancement of Cr2AlC coatings o Zr by utilizing a double layer diffusion barrier

Author(s): Stanislav Mráz, Miléna Tyra, Moritz to Baben, Marcus Hans, Xiang Chen, Friederike Herrig, Konstantina Lambrinou, Jochen M. Schneider
Published in: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 40/4, 2020, Page(s) 1119-1124, ISSN 0955-2219
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.10.008

Radiation resistance and mechanical properties of magnetron-sputtered Cr2AlC thin films

Author(s): Imtyazuddin, M; Mir, AH; Tunes, MA; Vishnyakov, VM
Published in: Journal of Nuclear Materials, 526, 2019, Page(s) 151742, ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2019.151742

In situ He+ irradiation of the double solid solution (Ti0.5,Zr0.5)2(Al0.5,Sn0.5)C MAX phase: Defect evolution in the 350-800 °C temperature range

Author(s): B. Tunca, G. Greaves, J.A. Hinks, P.O.Å. Persson, J. Vleugels, K. Lambrinou
Published in: Acta Materialia, 206, 2021, Page(s) 116606, ISSN 1359-6454
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2020.116606

The double solid solution (Zr, Nb)2(Al, Sn)C MAX phase: a steric stability approach

Author(s): Thomas Lapauw, Bensu Tunca, Daniel Potashnikov, Asaf Pesach, Offir Ozeri, Jozef Vleugels, Konstantina Lambrinou
Published in: Scientific Reports, 8/1, 2018, ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-31271-2

Synthesis, properties and thermal decomposition of the Ta4AlC3 MAX phase

Author(s): Matteo Griseri, Bensu Tunca, Thomas Lapauw, Shuigen Huang, Lucia Popescu, Michel W. Barsoum, Konstantina Lambrinou, Jozef Vleugels
Published in: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 39/10, 2019, Page(s) 2973-2981, ISSN 0955-2219
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.04.021

Synthesis and Characterization of Double Solid Solution (Zr,Ti) 2 (Al,Sn)C MAX Phase Ceramics

Author(s): Bensu Tunca, Thomas Lapauw, Rémi Delville, Daniel R. Neuville, Louis Hennet, Dominique Thiaudière, Thierry Ouisse, Joke Hadermann, Jozef Vleugels, Konstantina Lambrinou
Published in: Inorganic Chemistry, 2019, ISSN 0020-1669
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00065

Electron and phonon interactions and transport in the ultrahigh-temperature ceramic ZrC

Author(s): Thomas A. Mellan, Alex Aziz, Yi Xia, Ricardo Grau-Crespo, Andrew I. Duff
Published in: Physical Review B, 99/9, 2019, ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher: APS
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.094310

Influence of composition and heating schedules on compatibility of FeCrAl alloys with high-temperature steam

Author(s): Chongchong Tang, Adrian Jianu, Martin Steinbrueck, Mirco Grosse, Alfons Weisenburger, Hans Juergen Seifert
Published in: Journal of Nuclear Materials, 511, 2018, Page(s) 496-507, ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.09.026

Bonding and oxidation protection of Ti2AlC and Cr2AlC for a Ni-based superalloy

Author(s): Maxim Sokol, Jian Yang, Hrishikesh Keshavan, Michel W. Barsoum
Published in: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 39/4, 2019, Page(s) 878-882, ISSN 0955-2219
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2018.10.019

Spontaneous Frenkel pair formation in zirconium carbide

Author(s): Thomas A. Mellan, Andrew I. Duff, Michael W. Finnis
Published in: Physical Review B, 98/17, 2018, ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher: APS
DOI: 10.1103/physrevb.98.174116

On the interactions of Ti2AlC, Ti3AlC2, Ti3SiC2 and Cr2AlC with palladium at 900 °C

Author(s): G.W. Bentzel, M. Sokol, J. Griggs, A.C. Lang, M.W. Barsoum
Published in: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 771, 2019, Page(s) 1103-1110, ISSN 0925-8388
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.08.127

Enhancing the high temperature oxidation behavior of Cr2AlC coatings by reducing grain boundary nanoporosity

Author(s): Chen, Xiang; Stelzer, Bastian; Hans, Marcus; Iskandar, Riza; Mayer, Joachim; Schneider, Jochen M.
Published in: MATERIALS RESEARCH LETTERS, 9/3, 2020, Page(s) 127-133, ISSN 2166-3831
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/21663831.2020.1854358

Oxidation behavior and microstructure evolution of alumina-forming austenitic & high entropy alloys in steam environment at 1200 °C

Author(s): Shi, Hao; Tang, Chongchong; Jianu, Adrian; Fetzer, Renate; Weisenburger, Alfons; Steinbrueck, Martin; Grosse, Mirco; Stieglitz, Robert; Mueller, Georg
Published in: Corrosion Science, 170, 2020, Page(s) 108654, ISSN 0010-938X
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2020.108654

Influence of MAX-Phase Deformability on Coating Formation by Cold Spraying

Author(s): A. Elsenberg, M. Busato, F. Gärtner, A. List, A. Bruera, G. Bolelli. L. Lusvarghi, T. Klassen
Published in: Journal of Thermal Spray Technologies, 30, 2020, ISSN 1059-9630
Publisher: ASM International
DOI: 10.1007/s11666-020-01110-w

Oxidation behaviour of V2AlC MAX phase coatings

Author(s): Azina, C; Mraz, S; Greczynski, G; Hans, M; Primetzhofer, D; Schneider, JM; Eklund, P
Published in: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 40/13, 2020, Page(s) 4436, ISSN 0955-2219
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2020.05.080

A theoretical study of the stability of Zr-Al-C and Ti-Al-C MAX phases

Author(s): Angeliki Poulou
Published in: 2022
Publisher: Imperial College London
DOI: 10.25560/97071

Necessity of Domestic Reactors Based on the Issue of Material Irradiation Research Using ForeignReactors in International Cooperative Research

Author(s): Tatsuya Hinoki
Published in: JAEA-Review, 2021-064, 2022, Page(s) 113
Publisher: Japan Atomic Energy Agency
DOI: 10.11484/jaea-review-2021-064

Aerosol Deposition of Ti3SiC2-MAX-Phase Coatings

Author(s): A. Elsenberg, F. Gärtner, T. Klassen
Published in: Thermal Spray 2021: Proceedings from the International Thermal Spray Conference, May 24-28, 2021, 2021, Page(s) 340-345
Publisher: ASM International
DOI: 10.31399/asm.cp.itsc2021p0340

Microstructural analysis of SiC/SiC composites by X-ray tomography scans of progressive CVI matrix deposition

Author(s): Y. Chen, T.J. Marrow, J. Braun, C. Lorrette
Published in: BSSM 15th Conference, 15th, 2021
Publisher: British Society for Strain Measurement