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Winning social acceptance for wind energy in wind energy scarce regions

Deliverables

Policy Round Table (EU)/ Resume

The document summarises the findings of the Policy Roundtable which take place in Brussels, preferably during the Sustainable Energy Week in 2019. The workshop will focus on “Novel mechanisms for fair (socially inclusive) wind energy developments in the EU”. It is organized in close co-operation with relevant stakeholders (ETIP Wind, RESCOOP, EREF, BWE, etc.). Its aim is to discuss proposals how to strengthen the role of social acceptance and community engagement in European policies and to discuss the Guiding principles and criteria for fair wind energy development including an accompanying strategy for implementation (developed under Task 6.3).

Interactive Support Tool

The support tool will be developed as a web-based, interactive tool providing aid to identify a) barriers based on the taxonomy developed under WP2 and b) solutions to overcome them by matching these barriers with suitable best practice cases (identified in WP4 and WP5). The open-source tool addresses both local and regional policy makers and authorities as well as project developers and communities. It will also inform about basic facts and figures and administrative and legal frameworks in each WinWind country and provide useful links to other relevant websites.

Dissemination Material in 6 languages (2 Flyers, Posters, Fact Sheets, etc.)

The flyers aim to provide basic information about the project. The number of posters to be prepared for relevant scientific or professional events will be min. 5. Furthermore, 4 Fact Sheets aim to highlight specific issues. The factsheets will be prepared to address specific issues (participatory instruments). Posters with the highlights of the project will be prepared for major events. These materials will be released on Month 6, 13, 23 and 30.

Concluding WinWind Conference

The final conference aims to present and discuss the major results to stakeholders and policy makers. It will take place in a central location (probably Berlin). The conference will be announced on the project website and other media.

Consultation series of the 6 regional desks in each target region; Summary Report

The purpose of this deliverable is to summarize the country-specific findings of the stakeholder consultations. The consultations will be carried out a) to assess solutions to improve political/market/community acceptance in the target regions, and b) identify domestic or cross-country best practice transfer opportunities and restrictions. This deliverable will safeguard the anonymity of the participants by anonymising quotations and descriptions.

Report on identification and selection of national/regional stakeholders and on launch of desks

The report aims a) to set out the criteria for selecting the stakeholders contributing to the national desks, b) to provide a list of the stakeholders finally selected and represented in each national desk. t

Recommendations for policy

The main country-specific and cross-country policy conclusions and recommendations of the project will be compiled in a joint policy report. This will address politicians, policy makers, policy advisory organisations and market actors across Europe. It will entail policy lessons derived from the best practice case studies, cross-case comparisons, stakeholder consultations, market actor consultations, and transfer activities and formulates guidance for national, regional and local policy makers on how to support socially inclusive wind energy market deployment. Possible unexpected positive/negative findings as well as “off-target” results will be considered under the lessons learnt and “recommendation for policy”.

Conceptual framework for analysing social acceptance barriers and drivers

The aim of this deliverable is to provide a common conceptual framework for analysing social acceptance drivers and barriers in the WinWind target regions. It also serves to derive indications about how to increase social acceptance, in terms of general, socio-political acceptance, market acceptance and community acceptance.

Technical and socio-economic starting conditions in the WESR target regions

scientific literature on the processes and driving forces of social acceptance for wind energy and to systematise insights from a broad range of literature strands and different disciplines. D 2.1 will assesses socio-economic, geographical, /topographical conditions as well as issues influencing the technical feasibility of wind power in the WESRs.

4 e-Newsletters incl. policy briefs (max 4 pages)

The e-newsletters aim to inform stakeholders and the public on the progress of the project and share the outputs of the project’s activities. They will be developed and widely disseminated through the regional desks, partners´ communication channels and of further stakeholders identified and motivated to become multipliers. The e-Newsletters will include short policy briefs addressing specific issues of general interest. The newsletters will be released in Month 8,14,23,30.

Stakeholder consultation and engagement plans (one for each country/region)

The plans will explain the strategic goals of the stakeholder engagement and consultations, how they will be organised, how do they interact, how the results will be cross-shared among the participants and disseminated towards the WinWind target groups.

Best Practice Portfolio

The aim of the best practice portfolio is to integrate the best practice case studies prepared under Task 4.3 into a portfolio of projects.

Catalogue of potential solutions to overcome acceptance barriers

The aim of the catalogue is to propose tailor-made strategies and solutions referring to each WinWind target region on how to address social acceptance barriers, based on the results of Tasks 3.2-3.4., including the outcomes of the thematic workshops and stakeholder consultations.

Principles & Criteria for fair & acceptable wind energy

The Principles & Criteria (P&C) serve as a policy compass for policy development at regional, national and even European level. The P&C will take into account the project findings, particular in WP2, 3, 4, 5 and Task 6.1 including emerging initiatives in some of the EU Member states. They will be accompanied by proposals for practical implementation, e.g. via voluntary agreement and labelling/certification schemes. The P&C will be discussed within the stakeholder desks under WP3 and will be presented to stakeholders at the European level in the framework of the European policy roundtable in Task 6.2.

Methodological framework for best practice selection & analysis

The methodological framework aims to guide the qualitative case study analysis providing the foundation for characterisation, analysis and assessment of the best practice cases.

Second consolidated summary report of desk activities in the target regions

The report highlights the findings of the second series of country thematic workshops. These provide non-biased information to stakeholders and market actors, critically assess best practice of socially acceptable solutions from exemplary wind energy developments, identify options to improve political/market/community acceptance in the target regions, and assess best practice transfer opportunities and restrictions. At least one of the thematic workshops will include a policy roundtable to address policy relevant proposals with politicians, policy makers and advisory organisations.

Three validated transfer & adaptation concepts

The purpose of the transfer and adaptation concepts is to support transfer to other contexts. The concepts will take into account contextual issues arising from the transfer processes in the learning regions.

List of transfer measures & management plans

This deliverable aims to pave the way for proper in-country and cross-country transfer activities. At least three transfer measures will be selected from the best practice portfolio. For each of the three learning regions a transfer management plan (TMP) will be scheduled. The TMPs outlines the corresponding transfer strategy, tasks, and time schedule.

Policy input paper

This deliverable provides input for the EU Policy roundtable. It is based on a critical review of EU strategic priorities and relevant policy developments, an assessment of how social acceptance issues and community engagement are considered in EU policies and how they can be better integrated.

Technical Screening Report

The aim of the technical screening report is to analyse existing regulations, guidelines and recommendations in the WinWind countries and target regions addressing issues being critical for social acceptance (e.g. minimum distances from settlements, height-specific regulations, noise protection regulations, infrasound, etc.). The report also addresses novel bottom up initiatives, voluntary agreements and labelling initiatives which have been recently launched in some of the EU Member states and WinWind model regions.

First consolidated summary report of desk activities in the target regions

The report highlights the findings of the country thematic workshops. These provide non-biased information to stakeholders and market actors, critically assess best practice of socially acceptable solutions from exemplary wind energy developments, identify options to improve political/market/community acceptance in the target regions, and assess best practice transfer opportunities and restrictions. At least one of the thematic workshops will include a policy roundtable to address policy relevant proposals with politicians, policy makers and advisory organisations.

Synthesis Report report on transferable best practices

The purpose of the synthesis report is to consolidate key findings and conclusions of the case study research under Task 4.3 and to extract lessons that can have an overall validity. The cases will be clustered according to different participation and engagement types and modes. The report provides an inventory of practical community engagement measures and a discussion of their strengths, weaknesses and uncertainties related to the implementation in real circumstances. This deliverable will safeguard the anonymity of the participants by anonymising quotations and descriptions.

Handbook

The handbook with the preliminary title: “Wind made by People” aims to to diffuse the WinWind approaches on European, regional and local level. It will represent a systematic framework for public engagement developed in WinWind and will provide guidance to national, regional and local decision-makers for a successful implementation of community engagement measures and activities analysed in WinWind. Target audiences include, inter alia, wind energy associations, citizens and community groups, NGOs, business and civil society actors interested in public engagement in energy system innovations, and the interested public.

Conference Proceedings

The conference proceedings aim to summarize the findings and conclusions of the final conference and will be published online. Eventually an edited book could prepared for a later delivery.

6 transfer workshop summary report

This report aim to summarize the findings of the corresponding transfer workshops. The transfer workshops aim to assess the transferability of the measures and to guide the transfer processes, including information on how the corresponding measure/concept might be accommodated and - virtually - tested in the adopting region.

Taxonomy of social acceptance barriers and drivers

The taxonomy will comprise a classification, coding and grouping of acceptance problems (barriers) and policy instruments that aim to enhance acceptance. The taxonomy will enable to identify differences and similarities in the acceptance-related patterns of regions. This deliverable will be updated in month 25.

Transfer Guide

The transfer guide aims to provide guidance for further best practice transfers to other regions. This guide represents an innovation since so far only little conceptual work on the appropriate implementation of best practice transfer has been developed

Web portal

The web portal will be the focal point of the WinWind dissemination activities. It will not only be designed and implemented to disseminate material, announce events and report results of WPs, but will also bring together the relevant stakeholders. The portal will have separate sections documenting activities and events of the regional/national desks.

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Publications

Conditions enhancing the socially inclusive and environmental sound uptake of wind energy: the Case of Germany

Author(s): Maria Rosaria Di Nucci, Michael Krug
Published in: Journal of Environmental Policy and Administration, Issue Vol 26, 2018, Page(s) 1-40, ISSN 1598-835X
DOI: 10.15301/jepa.2018.26.s.1

Community Acceptance of Wind Energy Developments: Experience from Wind Energy Scarce Regions in Europe

Author(s): Merethe Dotterud Leiren, Stine Aakre, Kristin Linnerud, Tom Erik Julsrud, Maria-Rosaria Di Nucci, Michael Krug
Published in: Sustainability, Issue 12/5, 2020, Page(s) 1754, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su12051754

Explaining Factors Leading to Community Acceptance of Wind Energy. Results of an Expert Assessment

Author(s): Elena De De Luca, Cecilia Nardi, Laura Gaetana Giuffrida, Michael Krug, Maria Rosaria Di Di Nucci
Published in: Energies, Issue 13/8, 2020, Page(s) 2119, ISSN 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en13082119

Overcoming Barriers to the Community Acceptance of Wind Energy: Lessons Learnt from a Comparative Analysis of Best Practice Cases across Europe

Author(s): Maleki-Dizaji, P.; del Bufalo, N.; Di Nucci, M.-R.; Krug, M.
Published in: Sustainability 2020, 12, 3562., Issue 12 (9), 2020, Page(s) 3562, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su12093562