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Multi-modal Optimisation for Road-space in Europe


Technical methods for generating urban road-space design options

Brief description: The deliverable presents two methods for generating urban space design options, in the form of user manuals and links to web-based tools. The first provides an on-line, interactive library search facility, comprising a combination of materials (text, drawings and photographs) that have been edited (and translated into English), plus web links to longer supporting documents. The second is an excel-based tool that takes different street design components and identifies potential combinations that could be applied under specific circumstances (e.g. available road widths, or given specified road traffic levels); account will need to be taken of local traffic and road-design regulations (e.g. widths for traffic lanes). Reference to task: Summarises the work in T4.1.

Analysis of technological advances

Brief description: The deliverable identifies, describes and assesses the contribution that new technological advances could make to the provision of supply on main roads in cities. This includes the vehicles themselves (e.g. automated on-carriageway vehicles for personal use, bus services and deliveries, and footway drones for small deliveries); the infrastructure (e.g. self-healing road surfaces); the conveyance of information (e.g. in-vehicle, and LED road signs and lane markings); advances in road-space management (e.g. advanced dynamic traffic control), and advances in real-time data provision, through new forms of sensors and probes. Reference to task: Summarises outputs from T3.1

Urban corridor road design: guides, objectives and performance indicators

Brief description: This deliverable provides a ‘supply’ perspective, with three primary components. First, an international review (academic, plus ‘grey’ literature’ held by national governments, city authorities and consultants) of the functions associated with different types of roads in cities and current design guidelines for allocating space/capacity on urban main roads. Second, a review of criteria currently used for allocating road-space between competing demands; and third, a review and recommendations on the adoption of a set of ‘Movement’ and ‘Place’ performance indicators – to be used as outputs in the modelling stage of MORE. Results will need to be translated into English, for incorporation into the deliverable. Reference to task: This brings together the results from T1.2, T1.3 and T1.4

Incorporating user needs in the design of major urban TEN feeder route corridors

Brief description: This deliverable provides a ‘demand’ perspective, and identifies existing urban main road street user needs and behaviour patterns, drawing on three data sources (i) existing international, national and city level data; (ii) a sample survey of street users in each of our five city corridors, and (iii) interviews with identified user lobby groups and independent experts. Specific outputs will cover: how each group uses main roads, what services they require from the roads and how this translates into space/time and capacity requirements. Results will need to be translated into English, for incorporation into the deliverable. Reference to task: This presents results from Task 1.1.

Case study design methodology

Brief description: This deliverable will comprise one section for each of the five city corridors, and will define the case study area and the case study methodology. This will include (i) details of corridor characteristics (spatial extent, interface with the TEN-T Network, multi-modal options, land use patterns, etc); (ii) stakeholder groups and the agreed local stakeholder engagement framework; (iii) future demand and supply scenarios to be tested in the expanded Vissim model, and (iv) design briefs for developing design options, for each corridor. Reference to task: based on Task 5.1

The Regulatory framework

Brief description: • D2.2(i) Categorisation and grouping of measures that require road users to change their behaviours. • D2.2(ii) Overview of the current use and enforcement of regulatory measures in each of the countries involved in a MORE demonstration project. This will include the processes by which new regulations are introduced and the cost timescale and any difficulties in doing so. • D2.2(iii) Overview of innovative road user and traffic control measures identified in other tasks that might require innovative enforcement and other regulatory measures. • D2.2(iv) Detailed discussion of the working and effectiveness of current regulatory measures and possible improvements that might result from new techniques, greater use of technology or legislative and administrative changes. • D2.2(v) Matrix of measures under consideration for each of the corridor studies against the suitability of different enforcement and other road user influencing techniques needed to make them effective. Reference to task: T2.2

Analysis of institutional and organizational factors

Brief description: This report provides a common analytic framework, methodology and data collection strategy for WP2. It includes an up-to-date analysis of major institutional and organizational factors shaping the design and implementation of urban road-space allocation strategies across the five cities. The preparation of D2.1 draws on feedback from each city on why road-space allocation has emerged as an urban public policy issue, the state of institutional and organizational factors in their respective context by identifying key policy documents, legislations etc., and the various mechanisms introduced in order to overcome these barriers. A 1st internal workshop, intended as a first milestone for WP2, will be convened by Sciences Po in cooperation with cities and other partners, in order to discuss findings and prepare D2.1 report. Additional face-to-face or telephone interviews may be needed in order to refine the analysis. It will include all partners involved in WP2. Main findings from D2.1 will be presented as part of WP7 dissemination & knowledge transfer activities. Reference to task: T2.1

Dissemination and Engagement Strategy I

Brief description: A comprehensive Dissemination and Engagement Strategy will be developed in the initial months of the project, setting out key target groups, messages and appropriate communication channels. Reference to task: T 7.1.

Future scenarios for TEN feeder routes

Brief description: Drawing on D3.1 and D3.2, this deliverable will first develop a set of generic scenarios reflecting likely future conditions on urban main roads in Europe, and then adapt these to conditions on the five city corridors, as inputs to the modelling work. These scenarios will comprise combinations of assumptions about future patterns of demand and about technology deployment, including disruptive technologies. It will also incorporate findings on urban scenarios from the current Horizon 2020 CREATE project. Reference to task: Summarises outputs from T3.3

Streets as contested spaces

Brief description: This report presents the main findings from WP2, including a comparative analysis of all five cities and a summary of lessons learnt. Drawing on work done in T2.1 and in WP1 & 3, the report seeks to understand how and by whom urban road-space allocation strategies are framed and the extent to this meets with a number of political and social resistances. Cities will also provide information and data about public attitudes. The preparation of D2.3 draws on desk analysis (grey literature, policy documents, media etc.), Group interviews will be organized in each city with local officials and stakeholders and the work done by cities on public attitudes following, in both cases, a common framework and methodology developed with Sciences Po’s support. This will allow cities to do this workshop in their native language. A transcript will be established in order to share the content with other MORE partners. A 2nd Internal workshop will organized by Sciences Po in cooperation with cities and other partners, in order to report and discuss findings from each city, and prepare D2.3 report. In combination with the analysis done in WP1 & 3, findings from D2.3 feed into the work done in WP4, 5, 6 & 7, and more specifically a summary of lessons learnt and a contribution to the dissemination events organized by POLIS (WP7). Reference to task: T2.3

Future user needs

Brief description: The deliverable identifies the potential drivers of future demand for road-space on major urban roads, associated with changes in socio-demographics, lifestyles and business models. It will do this through an international literature review (academic and grey literatures in different languages) and interviews with key stakeholder groups representing cities and user lobby groups. This information will be supplemented with local information from the five city corridors. Reference to task: Summarises outputs from T3.2

Project website

Brief description: The project website will be formally delivered in month 4, carrying general information about MORE and the planned public deliverables; it will then be updated at regular intervals, to report on activities, events, major achievements and to provide access to public deliverables. Reference to task: T 7.2.3

Project leaflet

Brief description: A leaflet will be produced, both electronically and in paper format, summarising the vision behind the project, the objectives, consortium, main activities and planned MORE outputs Reference to task: T 7.2.2.

Appraisal tool for assessing and prioritising street design options

Brief description: The deliverable will comprise a user manual and spreadsheet-based appraisal tool that assess the impacts of different street design options, in terms of the KPIs identified in Task 1.4, using outputs from the expanded Vissim model. The first requirement is to quantify the impacts and, where appropriate, to assign a monetary value, or other measure of relative importance. The tool will then screen out options that do not met minimum requirements, and offer an appraisal tool based either on multi-criteria analysis or cost-benefits analysis. It will build on outputs from the EU FLOW project. Reference to task: Summarises the work in T4.4, developing a new comprehensive road-space design appraisal tool.

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Built Environment Determinants of Pedestrian Activities and Their Consideration in Urban Street Design

Author(s): Regine Gerike; Caroline Koszowski; Bettina Schröter; Ralph Buehler; Paul Schepers; Johannes Weber; Rico Wittwer; Peter B. Jones
Published in: Sustainability, 13, 2021, ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher: MDPI Open Access Publishing
DOI: 10.3390/su13169362

Guidance and Practice in Planning Cycling Facilities in Europe—An Overview

Author(s): Schröter, B.; Hantschel, S.; Koszowski, C.; Buehler, R.; Schepers, P.; Weber, J.; Wittwer, R.; Gerike, R.
Published in: Sustainability, 2021, ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher: MDPI Open Access Publishing
DOI: 10.3390/su13179560

Optimising and future-proofing the design of major urban routes for all street users

Author(s): Jones, P.
Published in: In: The 17th Annual Transport Practitioners' Meeting. PTRC: Oxford, UK. (2019), 1, 2020, Page(s) 1
Publisher: UCL Discovery