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Precision Farming of Hazelnut Orchards

Project description

Robotics-based system for precision hazelnut farming

Robotics has the potential to enhance precision farming in Europe. Through the EU-funded PANTHEON project, a supervisory control and data acquisition system will be developed for the precise cultivation of large hazelnut orchards (Corylus avellana L.). Leveraging advancements in robotics, remote sensing, and big data management, this project aims to create a comprehensive system utilising a limited number of diverse unmanned robotics components, both terrestrial and aerial. These robots will navigate the orchards, collecting and storing data in a central operational unit. The unit will integrate information from the various robotic units, enabling automated feedback actions such as performing suckers treatments and providing a decision support system to the farmers. It will, for example, suggest how plant shaping and pruning should be carried out.


The goal of PANtHEOn is to develop the agricultural equivalent of an industrial Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) system to be used for the precision farming of large orchards of hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.). By taking advantage of the technological advancements in the fields of robotics, remote sensing and big-data management, our objective is to design an integrated system where a relatively limited number of heterogeneous unmanned robotics components (including terrestrial and aerial robots) move within the orchards to collect data and perform some of the most common farming operations. The information will be stored in a central operative unit that will integrate the data coming from the different robotic units to perform automatic feedback actions (e.g. to regulate the irrigation system) and to support the decisions of agronomists and farmers.
We expect that the proposed SCADA system will be able to acquire information at the resolution of the single plant. This will permit to drastically increase the detection of possible limiting factors for each individual plant, such as lack of water or pests and diseases affecting the plant health, and to react accordingly. Compared to the current state of the art in precision farming, we believe that the proposed SCADA infrastructure represents a relevant step ahead in the context of orchards management. In fact, the capability of monitoring the state and the evolution of each single tree will be the enabling-technology to allow more focused interventions. This will result in a better average state of health of the orchard, and in an increased effectiveness of Integrated Pest Managements (IPM). In conclusion, the main advantages of this architecture are:
• Increase in hazelnut productions
• Decrease in chemical inputs usage
• Environmentally-friendly water usage
• Simplified orchard management
The outcome of the project will be validated through a final demo on a real-world (1:1 scale) hazelnut orchard.

Call for proposal


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Net EU contribution
€ 960 893,75
00154 Roma

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Centro (IT) Lazio Roma
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Total cost
€ 960 893,75

Participants (5)