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Real time information applications and energy efficient solutions for rail freight

Periodic Reporting for period 3 - FR8HUB (Real time information applications and energy efficient solutions for rail freight)

Reporting period: 2020-01-01 to 2020-12-31

Although rail freight markets within the EU have been open for a number of years, the modal share of intra-EU rail freight transport has slightly declined in the past decade and the modal share compared to trucks are decreasing. The sector risks failing to fulfil the ambitious objectives that were set in the Transport White Paper in terms of developing rail freight, namely: to almost double the use of rail freight compared to 2005 and to achieve a shift of 30% of road freight over 300 km to modes such as rail or waterborne transport by 2030, and of more than 50% by 2050.

To achieve this, Shift2Rail IP5 has highlighted seven objectives, namely to:
• Increase capacity
• Increase operation reliability
• Railway system life cycle cost reduction
• Increase energy efficiency
• Reducing noise
• Reducing emissions
• Increasing punctuality
FR8HUB is a project part of Shift2Rail IP5 and is the project initiated during 2017. FR8HUB is contributing to all above established objectives and will provide bits and pieces towards achieving these.
The work in FR8HUB is divided into eight different work packages:

WP1 Migration Plan
Identification, technology description and potential benefits of technologies and solutions of IP5 as well as financial recognitions for the rail industry has been carried out. All these activities were put together and conducted into the mid-term report on key technologies, further evolutionary steps and their interrelations and finalized in 2019.

WP2 Condition based maintenance for wagon bogies
One of the most common bogie types for freight wagons is called Y25. This work package has looked into the most common failures together with freight operators and has now concentrated the work on the springs. A preliminary version of two low-cost sensors has already been implemented.

WP3 Real time network management and simulation of increasing speed for freight trains
The network management aims to include terminals and yards with the freight trains on the line and optimise the flow. FR8HUB is considering the interaction with the network, possibility to run trains and estimate of delays.
- The network management concept is based on novel planning algorithms for semi-automated use. In the developed demonstrator, the planning algorithms developed by KTH have been used.
- Linköping has developed algorithms for how to handle freight trains. The developed algorithms are single train insertion and maximum number of available train paths.

WP4 Intelligent Video Gate
The concept intelligent video gate focuses on video and RFID technology as distributors for the information and has developed algorithms for recognising the information on the wagon (type, length, damages, wagon number etc). It was shown that the IVG concept works correctly for the defined use cases and requirements. The Rollout & Implementation plan was carried out and evaluated for the general implementation in different railway situations and terminals.

WP5 Hybridization of legacy shunters
Legacy shunting locomotive class 294 as well as the new parallel-hybridized and modernized derivation class 1094 will help Shift2Rail activities to improve and facilitate rapid prototyping, with Li-Ion traction battery and planetary gear.

WP6 Freight Loco of the future
The first step has been to create an overview about the possible drive types (e. g. combustion engines, battery, fuel cell) for a last mile application for freight locomotives. The results showed that the short-term and mid-term solution for last mile is the Diesel engine and the long-term solution is the fuel cell drive.

WP7 Management
The third project period has progressed with the management structure as planned, including a mid-term conference and regular management meetings and Steering Committees.

WP8 DisseminationCommunication activities in FR8HUB are divided between all project partners. The beneficiaries disseminate through the Shift2Rail website as well as their own communication channels.
WP1 Migration Plan
The migration plan is going to show ways how to introduce new technologies under market conditions. Thus, the migration plan will be leading the way to successfully implement technologies developed in IP5.

WP2 Condition based maintenance for wagon bogies
By using condition-based maintenance, the strategy for maintenance changes. CBM will progress in four areas: (1) Laboratory tests to acquire data of the failure of the wagon components to be monitored. (2) Specification of sensors selected for the monitoring of physical parameters, which will early inform about most typical failures of wagon components. (3) Synchronization of measured values in position in the vehicle and the route, and timing. (4) Wireless communication systems with low power and low data rate will be used.

WP3 Real time network management and simulation of increasing speed for freight trains
Methods for integrated yard and line planning in timetable planning and operational traffic, which takes available data from yards and terminals (for example real-time identities of in- and outbound trains and wagons) into account and uses train traffic simulation to estimate delays. The goal is to find new automated activities which aim at improving the work for traffic planners and dispatchers.
Faster freight trains who can accelerate and brake faster will be evaluated. The gaps in the timetable between fast passenger and slower freight trains at daytime can be reduced. This means higher capacity without investment into the infrastructure.

WP4 Intelligent Video Gate (IVG)
The implementation of an IVG in the railway section accelerates and improves the data quality of the inbound processes, reduces dwell times and increases punctuality as well as terminal capacity. It will also reduce complaints about damages in the terminal due to high resolution images already at the time the train is arriving. IVG will also significantly improve safety, integrity of the processes and reliability in the processing of relevant data.

WP5 Hybridization of legacy shunters
In order to quickly react to competitive pressure and reduce LCC significantly, hybridisation of legacy shunters is paramount. This includes to jointly define a cost-efficient concept for hybridisation including five innovative aspects beyond state-of-the-art: (1) Electro-mechanical drive, (2) Battery technology (3) Modularization (4) Different combinations of testing with selected components (5) Automation focus

WP6 Freight Loco of the future
The ambition is to integrate in the same volume propulsion systems with nominal power > 350kW. Furthermore, a significant energy efficiency increase shall be achieved by the integration of powerful energy storage systems for traction on dual mode locomotives, but also by the integration of smaller and decentralized energy storage systems for feeding the various systems on board locally. Last but not least, it is the ambition to introduce peak power shaving concepts for the locomotive itself, but also for a complete fleet, by means of real time communication and advanced shaving algorithms.
FR8HUB contribution to IP5 vision