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Functionally scaled computing technology: From novel devices to non-von Neumann architectures and algorithms for a connected intelligent world

Deliverables

Second cross-disciplinary training session and associated training webinars/videos

D5.8 Second cross-disciplinary training session and associated training webinars/videos (M18)

Website for access by general public made live

D5.1 Website for access by general public made live (M2)

Web-based report and animations of N-vN device simulations

D1.5 Web-based report and animations of N-vN device simulations (selected results from T1.5 hosted on public pages of project website) (M18)

Open-source design kit online

D5.9 Open-source design kit online (M24)

Article published in popular scientific/technical magazine/website

D5.4 Article published in popular scientific/technical magazine/website (M18)

First cross-disciplinary training session and associated training webinars/videos

D5.7 First cross-disciplinary training session and associated training webinars/videos (M9)

Mixed-precision memcomputing: A new approach for fast energy-efficient computation

D4.4 Mixed-precision memcomputing: A new approach for fast energy-efficient computation (public report covering concepts and general findings from T4.2) (M30)

Report on fabrication and performance of first-generation basic N-vN unit-cell devices

D1.1 Report on fabrication and performance of first-generation basic N-vN unit-cell devices (web-hosted public report covering concepts and general results from T1.1) (M9)

Public summary of mid-project results

D5.2 Public summary of mid-project results (M24)

Report on concepts of, and fabrication methods for, N-vN cell arrays from T2.1 and T2.2) (M24)

D2.1 Report on concepts of, and fabrication methods for, N-vN cell arrays (web-hosted public report covering concepts and general results from T2.1 and T2.2) (M24)

A new approach to reservoir computing

D3.1 A new approach to reservoir computing (public report covering concepts and general findings) (M30)

Extended unit-cell with WDM capability demonstrated

D1.2 Extended unit-cell with WDM capability demonstrated (web-hosted public report covering concepts and general results from T1.2) (M18)

Correlations in big-data extracted using computing in memory

D4.1 Correlations in big-data extracted using computing in memory approaches (public report covering concepts and general findings from T4.1) (M30)

Publications

Sub-wavelength plasmonic-enhanced phase-change memory

Author(s): Emanuele Gemo, Santiago García-Cuevas Carrillo, Joaquin Faneca, Carlota Ruíz de Galarreta, Hasan Hayat, Nathan Youngblood, Anna Baldycheva, Wolfram H. P. Pernice, Harish Bhaskaran, C. David Wright
Published in: Photonic and Phononic Properties of Engineered Nanostructures X, Issue 112891E, 2020, Page(s) 50
DOI: 10.1117/12.2546031

Silicon Photonics Neuromorphic Computing and its Application to Telecommunications (Invited)

Author(s): Andrew Katumba, Xin Yin, Joni Dambre, Peter Bienstman
Published in: 2018 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), Issue 2018, 2018, Page(s) 1-3
DOI: 10.1109/ecoc.2018.8535262

On-chip Phase Change Optical Matrix Multiplication Core

Author(s): Xuan Li, Nathan Youngblood, Wen Zhou, Johannes Feldmann, Jacob Swett, Samarth Aggarwal, A. Sebastian, C. David Wright, Wolfram Pernice, Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: 2020 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM), 2020, Page(s) 7.5.1-7.5.4
DOI: 10.1109/iedm13553.2020.9372052

Integrated photonic delay-lasers for reservoir computing

Author(s): Guy Van der Sande, Krishan Harkhoe, Andrew Katumba, Peter Bienstman, Guy Verschaffelt
Published in: Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XXVIII, Issue 112740D, 2020, Page(s) 11
DOI: 10.1117/12.2550576

Silicon Photonics Reservoir Computing at 32 Gbit/S

Author(s): Peter Bienstman, Joni Dambre, Andrew Katumba, Matthias Freiberger, Floris Laporte, Alessio Lugnan, Stijn Sackesyn, Chonghuai Ma, Emmanuel Gooskens
Published in: 5th Workshop on Dynamical Systems and Brain-Inspired Information Processing, Issue 29-31 July, 2019, 2019

Stable and Repeatable Multilevel Storage Using Phase Change Photonics

Author(s): Xuan Li, Nathan Youngblood, Carlos A. Ríos Ocampo, Zengguang Cheng, Wolfram Pernice, C. David Wright and Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: MRS Fall Meeting and Exhibit, November 25-30, 2018, Issue 2018, 2018, Page(s) Novel Photonic and Plasmonic Materials Enabling New Functionalities 04.07.09

Integrated Phase-change Photonics: A Strategy for Merging Communication and Computing

Author(s): C David Wright, Harish Bhaskaran, Wolfram. H. P. Pernice, Santiago G-C Carrillo, Emanuele Gemo, Anna Baldycheva, Zengguang Cheng, Xuan Li, Carlos Rios, Nathan Youngblood, Johannes Feldmann, Nico Gruhler, Matthias Stegmaier
Published in: Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) 2019, Issue 2019, 2019, Page(s) M1D.3
DOI: 10.1364/ofc.2019.m1d.3

In-memory computing using electrical and photonic memory devices

Author(s): Abu Sebastian
Published in: 2019 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe & European Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-EQEC), Issue 23-27 June 2019, 2019, Page(s) JSI-1.1
DOI: 10.1109/cleoe-eqec.2019.8871822

Photontorch: Simulation and Optimization of Large Photonic Circuits Using the Deep Learning Framework PyTorch

Author(s): Floris Laporte, Joni Dambre, Peter Bienstman
Published in: 2019 IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (SUM), Issue 2019, 2019, Page(s) 1-2
DOI: 10.1109/phosst.2019.8794941

Experimental investigation of silicon and silicon nitride platforms for phase-change photonic in-memory computing

Author(s): Xuan Li, Nathan Youngblood, Zengguang Cheng, Santiago Garcia-Cuevas Carrillo, Emanuele Gemo, Wolfram H. P. Pernice, C. David Wright, Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: Optica, Issue 7/3, 2020, Page(s) 218, ISSN 2334-2536
DOI: 10.1364/optica.379228

A plasmonically enhanced route to faster and more energy-efficient phase-change integrated photonic memory and computing devices

Author(s): E. Gemo, J. Faneca, S. G.-C. Carrillo, A. Baldycheva, W. H. P. Pernice, H. Bhaskaran, C. D. Wright
Published in: Journal of Applied Physics, Issue 129/11, 2021, Page(s) 110902, ISSN 0021-8979
DOI: 10.1063/5.0042962

Behavioral modeling of integrated phase-change photonic devices for neuromorphic computing applications

Author(s): Santiago G.-C. Carrillo, Emanuele Gemo, Xuan Li, Nathan Youngblood, Andrew Katumba, Peter Bienstman, Wolfram Pernice, Harish Bhaskaran, C. David Wright
Published in: APL Materials, Issue 7/9, 2019, Page(s) 091113, ISSN 2166-532X
DOI: 10.1063/1.5111840

Performance characteristics of phase-change integrated silicon nitride photonic devices in the O and C telecommunications bands

Author(s): Joaquin Faneca, Santiago Garcia-Cuevas Carrillo, Emanuele Gemo, Carlota Ruiz de Galarreta, Thalía Domínguez Bucio, Frederic Y. Gardes, Harish Bhaskaran, Wolfram H. P. Pernice, C. David Wright, Anna Baldycheva
Published in: Optical Materials Express, Issue 10/8, 2020, Page(s) 1778, ISSN 2159-3930
DOI: 10.1364/ome.10.001778

Integrated phase-change photonic devices and systems

Author(s): C. David Wright, Harish Bhaskaran, Wolfram H.P. Pernice
Published in: MRS Bulletin, Issue 44/09, 2019, Page(s) 721-727, ISSN 0883-7694
DOI: 10.1557/mrs.2019.203

Photonic neuromorphic information processing and reservoir computing

Author(s): A. Lugnan, A. Katumba, F. Laporte, M. Freiberger, S. Sackesyn, C. Ma, E. Gooskens, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman
Published in: APL Photonics, Issue 5/2, 2020, Page(s) 020901, ISSN 2378-0967
DOI: 10.1063/1.5129762

Parallel convolutional processing using an integrated photonic tensor core

Author(s): J. Feldmann, N. Youngblood, M. Karpov, H. Gehring, X. Li, M. Stappers, M. Le Gallo, X. Fu, A. Lukashchuk, A. S. Raja, J. Liu, C. D. Wright, A. Sebastian, T. J. Kippenberg, W. H. P. Pernice, H. Bhaskaran
Published in: Nature, Issue 589/7840, 2021, Page(s) 52-58, ISSN 0028-0836
DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-03070-1

Addressing limited weight resolution in a fully optical neuromorphic reservoir computing readout

Author(s): Chonghuai Ma, Floris Laporte, Joni Dambre, Peter Bienstman
Published in: Scientific Reports, Issue 11/1, 2021, ISSN 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-82720-4

Simple technique for determining the refractive index of phase-change materials using near-infrared reflectometry

Author(s): E. Gemo, S. V. Kesava, C. Ruiz De Galarreta, L. Trimby, S. García-Cuevas Carrillo, M. Riede, A. Baldycheva, A. Alexeev, C. D. Wright
Published in: Optical Materials Express, Issue 10/7, 2020, Page(s) 1675, ISSN 2159-3930
DOI: 10.1364/ome.395353

Roadmap on emerging hardware and technology for machine learning

Author(s): Karl Berggren, Qiangfei Xia, Konstantin K Likharev, Dmitri B Strukov, Hao Jiang, Thomas Mikolajick, Damien Querlioz, Martin Salinga, John R Erickson, Shuang Pi, Feng Xiong, Peng Lin, Can Li, Yu Chen, Shisheng Xiong, Brian D Hoskins, Matthew W Daniels, Advait Madhavan, James A Liddle, Jabez J McClelland, Yuchao Yang, Jennifer Rupp, Stephen S Nonnenmann, Kwang-Ting Cheng, Nanbo Gong, Miguel Angel La
Published in: Nanotechnology, Issue 32/1, 2021, Page(s) 012002, ISSN 0957-4484
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/aba70f

Demonstrating delay-based reservoir computing using a compact photonic integrated chip

Author(s): Krishan Harkhoe, Guy Verschaffelt, Andrew Katumba, Peter Bienstman, Guy Van der Sande
Published in: Optics Express, Issue 28/3, 2020, Page(s) 3086, ISSN 1094-4087
DOI: 10.1364/oe.382556

Integrated 256 Cell Photonic Phase-Change Memory With 512-Bit Capacity

Author(s): Johannes Feldmann, Nathan Youngblood, Xuan Li, C. David Wright, Harish Bhaskaran, Wolfram H. P. Pernice
Published in: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Issue 26/2, 2020, Page(s) 1-7, ISSN 1077-260X
DOI: 10.1109/jstqe.2019.2956871

Fully embedded photonic crystal cavity with Q=06 million fabricated within a full-process CMOS multiproject wafer

Author(s): Delphin Dodane, Jérôme Bourderionnet, Sylvain Combrié, Alfredo de Rossi
Published in: Optics Express, Issue 26/16, 2018, Page(s) 20868, ISSN 1094-4087
DOI: 10.1364/oe.26.020868

Controlled switching of phase-change materials by evanescent-field coupling in integrated photonics [Invited]

Author(s): Carlos Rios, Matthias Stegmaier, Zengguang Cheng, Nathan Youngblood, C. David Wright, Wolfram H. P. Pernice, Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: Optical Materials Express, Issue 8/9, 2018, Page(s) 2455, ISSN 2159-3930
DOI: 10.1364/ome.8.002455

Device-Level Photonic Memories and Logic Applications Using Phase-Change Materials

Author(s): Zengguang Cheng, Carlos Ríos, Nathan Youngblood, C. David Wright, Wolfram H. P. Pernice, Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: Advanced Materials, Issue 30/32, 2018, Page(s) 1802435, ISSN 0935-9648
DOI: 10.1002/adma.201802435

A Neuromorphic Silicon Photonics Nonlinear Equalizer For Optical Communications With Intensity Modulation and Direct Detection

Author(s): Andrew Katumba, Xin Yin, Joni Dambre, Peter Bienstman
Published in: Journal of Lightwave Technology, Issue 37/10, 2019, Page(s) 2232-2239, ISSN 0733-8724
DOI: 10.1109/jlt.2019.2900568

Reconfigurable Nanophotonic Cavities with Nonvolatile Response

Author(s): Jan von Keitz, Johannes Feldmann, Nico Gruhler, Carlos Ríos, C. David Wright, Harish Bhaskaran, Wolfram H. P. Pernice
Published in: ACS Photonics, Issue 5/11, 2018, Page(s) 4644-4649, ISSN 2330-4022
DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.8b01127

Engineering Interface-Dependent Photoconductivity in Ge 2 Sb 2 Te 5 Nanoscale Devices

Author(s): Syed Ghazi Sarwat, Nathan Youngblood, Yat-Yin Au, Jan A. Mol, C. David Wright, Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Issue 10/51, 2018, Page(s) 44906-44914, ISSN 1944-8244
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b17602

Fast and reliable storage using a 5  bit, nonvolatile photonic memory cell

Author(s): Xuan Li, Nathan Youngblood, Carlos Ríos, Zengguang Cheng, C. David Wright, Wolfram HP Pernice, Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: Optica, Issue 6/1, 2019, Page(s) 1, ISSN 2334-2536
DOI: 10.1364/optica.6.000001

In-memory computing on a photonic platform

Author(s): Carlos Ríos, Nathan Youngblood, Zengguang Cheng, Manuel Le Gallo, Wolfram H. P. Pernice, C. David Wright, Abu Sebastian, Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: Science Advances, Issue 5/2, 2019, Page(s) eaau5759, ISSN 2375-2548
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau5759

Tunable Volatility of Ge 2 Sb 2 Te 5 in Integrated Photonics

Author(s): Nathan Youngblood, Carlos Ríos, Emanuele Gemo, Johannes Feldmann, Zengguang Cheng, Anna Baldycheva, Wolfram HP Pernice, C. David Wright, Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: Advanced Functional Materials, Issue 29/11, 2019, Page(s) 1807571, ISSN 1616-301X
DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201807571

Plasmonically-enhanced all-optical integrated phase-change memory

Author(s): Emanuele Gemo, Santiago Garcia-Cuevas Carrillo, Carlota Ruiz De Galarreta, Anna Baldycheva, Hasan Hayat, Nathan Youngblood, Harish Bhaskaran, Wolfram H. P. Pernice, C. David Wright
Published in: Optics Express, Issue 27/17, 2019, Page(s) 24724, ISSN 1094-4087
DOI: 10.1364/oe.27.024724

Highly parallel simulation and optimization of photonic circuits in time and frequency domain based on the deep-learning framework PyTorch

Author(s): Floris Laporte, Joni Dambre, Peter Bienstman
Published in: Scientific Reports, Issue 9/1, 2019, ISSN 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-42408-2

Strong Opto-Structural Coupling in Low Dimensional GeSe 3 Films

Author(s): Syed Ghazi Sarwat, Zengguang Cheng, Nathan Youngblood, Mohd Sharizal Alias, Sapna Sinha, Jamie Warner, Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: Nano Letters, Issue 19/10, 2019, Page(s) 7377-7384, ISSN 1530-6984
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b03039

All-optical spiking neurosynaptic networks with self-learning capabilities

Author(s): J. Feldmann, N. Youngblood, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, W. H. P. Pernice
Published in: Nature, Issue 569/7755, 2019, Page(s) 208-214, ISSN 0028-0836
DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1157-8

Plasmonic nanogap enhanced phase-change devices with dual electrical-optical functionality

Author(s): Nikolaos Farmakidis, Nathan Youngblood, Xuan Li, James Tan, Jacob L. Swett, Zengguang Cheng, C. David Wright, Wolfram H. P. Pernice, Harish Bhaskaran
Published in: Science Advances, Issue 5/11, 2019, Page(s) eaaw2687, ISSN 2375-2548
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw2687

Dynamics of mode-locked nanolasers based on Hermite-Gaussian modes

Author(s): Yifan Sun, Sylvain Combrié, Alfredo De Rossi, Fabien Bretenaker
Published in: Physical Review A, Issue 102/4, 2020, Page(s) 043503, ISSN 2469-9926
DOI: 10.1103/physreva.102.043503

Reconfigurable Nanophotonic Circuitry Enabled by Direct-Laser-Writing

Author(s): Helge Gehring, Matthias Blaicher, Thomas Grottke, Wolfram H. P. Pernice
Published in: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Issue 26/5, 2020, Page(s) 1-5, ISSN 1077-260X
DOI: 10.1109/jstqe.2020.3004278