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SPEAR: Secure and PrivatE smArt gRid

Deliverables

Node-centric Reputation Models and Algorithms

This deliverable will present reputation-based algorithms and protocols that will allow the enhancement of the SPEAR SIEM system in detecting potential opportunistic attackers using adaptive reputation incentive mechanisms.

Open Visual-aided Intrusion Detection System

This deliverable will present the implemented visual-based IDS component that will provide accurate threat analysis and identification in the smart grid ecosystem in the second layer of the SPEAR SIEM system.

Initial SIEM System

This deliverable will describe the technical and deployment details of the initial version of SPEAR SIEM tool, as a part of the SPEAR SIEM component.

AMI Honeypots and Anti-honeypot Strategies

This deliverable will present the implemented structure of the AMI honeypots in the smart grid infrastructure. Also, it will provide technical details about the applied honeypot game models.

SPEAR Smart Grid Database & Interfaces

This deliverable includes the design of the database capable of holding smart grid/meter generated data, including the relevant REST-API, associated services and an interactive API documentation, based on Swagger 2.0.

Multi-factor and Open Analytics Engine for Smart Grid Ecosystem

This deliverable will incorporate existing big data analytic tools such as Hadoop for detecting cyber-attacks in the SPEAR smart grid framework using open source security libraries as a result of Task 3.2.

Plans for Dissemination and Communication

A detailed plan describing the designated dissemination and communication activities of each partner as well as the standardization activities in the SPEAR Consortium.

Forensic Law and Regulations

This deliverable will compile the study results of Task 3.1 regarding the required law and regulations towards network forensics investigation.

Public Version of System Specifications and Architecture

This deliverable is a public and lighter version of D2.2 which will be filtered by SAB for further dissemination outside the Consortium.

Interim Impact Creation Report

Report outlining the intermediate impact creation through dissemination and communication activities.

Initial Impact Creation Report

Report outlining the initial impact creation through dissemination and communication activities.

Public Version of User, Security and Privacy Requirements

This deliverable is a public and lighter version of D2.1 which will be filtered by SAB for further dissemination outside the Consortium.

Data Management Plan

This deliverable will fully address the lifecycle and public availability of research data generated by the project.

SPEAR web site, social network pages and open access server

The purpose of the website is to keep the public, project participants and the EC informed about the project. The project website has a public part and a restricted part reserved only for the Consortium members. The Consortium will continuously measure the number of public website visitors and post the latest news in the SPEAR Blog. Furthermore, the required pages/accounts in social networks will also be created.

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Publications

Towards An Anonymous Incident Communication Channel for Electric Smart Grids

Author(s): Anna Triantafyllou; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Antonios Sarigiannidis; Erkuden Rios; Eider Iturbe
Published in: Azerbaijan Journal of High Performance Computing, 2019, ISSN 2617-4383
Publisher: Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University
DOI: 10.32010/26166127.2019.2.1.7.28

Machine Learning and Deep Learning in smart manufacturing: The Smart Grid paradigm

Author(s): Thanasis Kotsiopoulos; Thanasis Kotsiopoulos; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Dimosthenis Ioannidis; Dimitrios Tzovaras
Published in: Computer Science Review, 3, 2021, ISSN 1574-0137
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.cosrev.2020.100341

SPEAR SIEM: A Security Information and Event Management system for the Smart Grid

Author(s): Panagiotis Radoglou-Grammatikis; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Eider Iturbe; Erkuden Rios; Saturnino Martinez; Antonios Sarigiannidis; Georgios Eftathopoulos; Yannis Spyridis; Achilleas Sesis; Nikolaos Vakakis; Dimitrios Tzovaras; Emmanouil Kafetzakis; Ioannis Giannoulakis; Michalis Tzifas; Alkiviadis Giannakoulias; Michail Angelopoulos; Francisco Ramos
Published in: Computer Networks, 1, 2021, ISSN 1389-1286
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.comnet.2021.108008

Game Theoretic Honeypot Deployment in Smart Grid.

Author(s): Panagiotis D. Diamantoulakis; Christos Dalamagkas; Panagiotis Radoglou-Grammatikis; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; George K. Karagiannidis
Published in: Sensors, 9, 2020, ISSN 1424-8220
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/s20154199

Cyber Hygiene Maturity Assessment Framework for Smart Grid Scenarios

Author(s): Inna Skarga-Bandurova; Inna Skarga-Bandurova; Igor Kotsiuba; Erkuden Rios Velasco
Published in: Frontiers in Computer Science, 2, 2021, ISSN 2624-9898
Publisher: Frontiers
DOI: 10.3389/fcomp.2021.614337

Continuous Quantitative Risk Management in Smart Grids Using Attack Defense Trees

Author(s): Erkuden Rios; Angel Rego; Eider Iturbe; Marivi Higuero; Xabier Larrucea
Published in: Sensors, 10, 2020, ISSN 1424-8220
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/s20164404

A Survey on SCADA Systems: Secure Protocols, Incidents, Threats and Tactics

Author(s): Dimitrios Pliatsios; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Thomas Lagkas; Antonios Sarigiannidis
Published in: IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 8, 2020, ISSN 1553-877X
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
DOI: 10.1109/comst.2020.2987688

Securing the Smart Grid: A Comprehensive Compilation of Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems

Author(s): Panagiotis I. Radoglou-Grammatikis, Panagiotis G. Sarigiannidis
Published in: IEEE Access, 7, 2019, Page(s) 46595-46620, ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
DOI: 10.1109/access.2019.2909807

ARIES: A Novel Multivariate Intrusion Detection System for Smart Grid.

Author(s): Panagiotis Radoglou Grammatikis; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Georgios Efstathopoulos; Emmanouil Panaousis
Published in: Issue 18, 1, 2020, ISSN 1424-8220
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/s20185305

A Unified Deep Learning Anomaly Detection and Classification Approach for Smart Grid Environments

Author(s): lias Siniosoglou; Panagiotis Radoglou-Grammatikis; Georgios Efstathopoulos; Panagiotis Fouliras; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, 2021, ISSN 1932-4537
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
DOI: 10.1109/tnsm.2021.3078381

Defense against cyber-attacks on the Hydro Power Plant connected in parallel with Energy System

Author(s): Valeri Mladenov; Veselin Chobanov; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Panagiotis Radoglou-Grammatikis; Anton Hristov; Pencho Zlatev
Published in: 2020 12th Electrical Engineering Faculty Conference (BulEF), 1, 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/bulef51036.2020.9326016

Implementation and Detection of Modbus Cyberattacks

Author(s): Panagiotis Radoglou-Grammatikis; Ilias Siniosoglou; Thanasis Liatifis; Anastasios Kourouniadis; Konstantinos Rompolos; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis
Published in: 2020 9th International Conference on Modern Circuits and Systems Technologies (MOCAST), 5, 2020
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/mocast49295.2020.9200287

Operational Data Based Intrusion Detection System for Smart Grid

Author(s): Georgios Efstathopoulos; Panagiotis Radoglou Grammatikis; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Vasilis Argyriou; Antonios Sarigiannidis; Konstantinos Stamatakis; Michail Angelopoulos; Solon K. Athanasopoulos
Published in: 2019 IEEE 24th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 4, 2019
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/camad.2019.8858503

Big Data against Security Threats: The SPEAR Intrusion Detection System

Author(s): Dimitrios Pliatsios; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Konstantinos E. Psannis; Sotirios K. Goudos; Vasileios Vitsas; Ioannis D. Moscholios
Published in: 2020 3rd World Symposium on Communication Engineering (WSCE), 2, 2020
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/wsce51339.2020.9275580

Dealing with Privacy for Protecting Information

Author(s): Xabier Larrucea, Izaskun Santamaria
Published in: European Conference on Software Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2021), 2021
Publisher: Springer, Cham
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-85521-5_34

Factors affecting the market adoption of cyber-security products in energy and electrical systems: the case of SPEAR

Author(s): Theodoros Rokkas; Ioannis Neokosmidis
Published in: ARES '20: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, 2020
Publisher: Association for Computing Machinery
DOI: 10.1145/3407023.3409315

Trust Management in Smart Grid: A Markov Trust Model

Author(s): Dimitrios Pliatsios; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Georgios Efstathopoulos; Antonios Sarigiannidis; Apostolos Tsiakalos
Published in: 2020 9th International Conference on Modern Circuits and Systems Technologies (MOCAST), 5, 2020
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/mocast49295.2020.9200256

NeuralPot: An Industrial Honeypot Implementation Based On Deep Neural Networks

Author(s): Ilias Siniosoglou; Georgios Efstathopoulos; Dimitrios Pliatsios; Ioannis D. Moscholios; Antonios Sarigiannidis; Georgia Sakellari; Georgios Loukas; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis
Published in: ISCC, 1, 2020
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/iscc50000.2020.9219712

A Survey On Honeypots, Honeynets And Their Applications On Smart Grid

Author(s): Christos Dalamagkas; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Dimosthenis Ioannidis; Eider Iturbe; Odysseas Nikolis; Francisco Ramos; Erkuden Rios; Antonios Sarigiannidis; Dimitrios Tzovaras
Published in: 2019 IEEE Conference on Network Softwarization (NetSoft), 3, 2019
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/netsoft.2019.8806693

Attacking IEC-60870-5-104 SCADA Systems

Author(s): Panagiotis Radoglou-Grammatikis; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Ioannis Giannoulakis; Emmanouil Kafetzakis; Emmanouil Panaousis
Published in: 2019 IEEE World Congress on Services (SERVICES), 4, 2019
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/services.2019.00022

Unsupervised Learning for Trustworthy IoT

Author(s): Nikhil Banerjee, Thanassis Giannetsos, Emmanouil Panaousis, Clive Cheong Took
Published in: 2018 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE), 2018, Page(s) 1-8, ISBN 978-1-5090-6020-7
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/fuzz-ieee.2018.8491672

Towards an anonymous incident communication channel for electric smart grids

Author(s): Anna Triantafyllou, Panagiotis Sarigiannidis, Antonios Sarigiannidis, Erkuden Rios, Eider Iturbe
Published in: Proceedings of the 22nd Pan-Hellenic Conference on Informatics - PCI '18, 2018, Page(s) 34-39, ISBN 9781-450366106
Publisher: ACM Press
DOI: 10.1145/3291533.3291559

An Overview of the Firewall Systems in the Smart Grid Paradigm

Author(s): Panagiotis Radoglou-Grammatikis, Panagiotis Sarigiannidis, Thanasis Liatifis, Tryfon Apostolakos, Spyridon Oikonomou
Published in: 2018 Global Information Infrastructure and Networking Symposium (GIIS), 2018, Page(s) 1-4, ISBN 978-1-5386-7272-3
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/giis.2018.8635747

An Anomaly-Based Intrusion Detection System for the Smart Grid Based on CART Decision Tree

Author(s): Panagiotis I. Radoglou-Grammatikis, Panagiotis G. Sarigiannidis
Published in: 2018 Global Information Infrastructure and Networking Symposium (GIIS), 2018, Page(s) 1-5, ISBN 978-1-5386-7272-3
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/giis.2018.8635743

An Anomaly Detection Mechanism for IEC 60870-5-104

Author(s): Panagiotis Radoglou Grammatikis; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Antonios Sarigiannidis; Dimitrios Margounakis; Apostolos Tsiakalos; Georgios Efstathopoulos
Published in: 2020 9th International Conference on Modern Circuits and Systems Technologies (MOCAST), 2, 2020
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/mocast49295.2020.9200285

Secure and Private Smart Grid: The SPEAR Architecture

Author(s): Panagiotis Radoglou Grammatikis; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Eider Iturbe; Erkuden Rios; Antonios Sarigiannidis; Odysseas Nikolis; Dimosthenis Ioannidis; Vasileios Machamint; Michalis Tzifas; Alkiviadis Giannakoulias; Michail Angelopoulos; Anastasios Papadopoulos; Francisco Ramos
Published in: 2020 6th IEEE Conference on Network Softwarization (NetSoft), 6, 2020
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/netsoft48620.2020.9165420

Cyber Attack Detection and Trust Management Toolkit for Defence-Related Microgrids

Author(s): Medentzidis Charalampos-Rafail; Kotsiopoulos Thanasis; Vellikis Vasileios; Ioannidis Dimosthenis; Tzovaras Dimitrios; Sarigiannidis Panagiotis
Published in: IFIP International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations, 2021
Publisher: Springer
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-79157-5_20

Cybersecurity in SMEs: The Smart-Home/Office Use Case

Author(s): Nikolaos Vakakis; Odysseas Nikolis; Dimosthenis Ioannidis; Konstantinos Votis; Dimitrios Tzovaras
Published in: 2019 IEEE 24th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 4, 2019
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/camad.2019.8858471

Technique for Finding and Investigating the Strongest Combinations of Cyberattacks on Smart Grid Infrastructure

Author(s): Igor Kotsiuba; Inna Skarga-Bandurova; Alkiviadis Giannakoulias; Mykhailo Chaikin; Aleksandar Jevremović
Published in: 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data), 3, 2020
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/bigdata47090.2019.9006335

Basic Forensic Procedures for Cyber Crime Investigation in Smart Grid Networks

Author(s): Igor Kotsiuba; Inna Skarga-Bandurova; Alkiviadis Giannakoulias; Oksana Bulda
Published in: IEEE BigData, 4, 2020
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/bigdata47090.2019.9006215

A Dynamic Recommendation-based Trust Scheme for the Smart Grid

Author(s): Dimitrios Pliatsios; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; George Fragulis; Apostolos Tsiakalos; Dimitrios Margounakis
Published in: 2021 IEEE 7th International Conference on Network Softwarization (NetSoft), 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/netsoft51509.2021.9492542

A Self-Learning Approach for Detecting Intrusions in Healthcare Systems

Author(s): Panagiotis Radoglou-Grammatikis; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Georgios Efstathopoulos; Thomas Lagkas; George Fragulis; Antonios Sarigiannidis
Published in: ICC 2021 - IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/icc42927.2021.9500354

A Novel and Interactive Industrial Control System Honeypot for Critical Smart Grid Infrastructure

Author(s): Dimitrios Pliatsios; Panagiotis Sarigiannidis; Thanasis Liatifis; Konstantinos Rompolos; Ilias Siniosoglou
Published in: 2019 IEEE 24th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 2, 2019
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/camad.2019.8858431