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Distributed Network for Odour Sensing, Empowerment and Sustainability

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - D-NOSES (Distributed Network for Odour Sensing, Empowerment and Sustainability)

Reporting period: 2018-04-01 to 2019-06-30

Odour pollution is the second reason for citizens’ complaints after noise, across Europe. Yet, it has repeatedly been ignored in the policy agendas, leaving citizens defenceless. As a result, socio-environmental conflicts are generated within the affected communities which also suffer from the associated health consequences. D-NOSES aims to find innovative solutions to this largely neglected problem by reversing the way in which odour pollution is commonly tackled. D-NOSES is developing a new methodology based on citizen science to improve odour management empowering citizens through an innovative bottom-up approach to increase transparency and enhance positive relationships within communities, as well as increase their quality of life. Citizens are empowered with RRI, citizen science and co-creation tools to become drivers of change. The project promotes a quadruple helix model that will be applied at local, national and global levels. Through the International Odour Observatory, we will guarantee access to information in odour pollution complying with Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration. We will co-design citizen science interventions across 10 European and non-European countries, where citizens will use innovative mapping tools to crowdsource odour issues and co-create ad-hoc solutions with CSOs, NGOs, local public authorities, odour emitting industries and academia. Advocacy actions, together with project results, such as ‘DIY Guidelines for project replicability’, ‘scientific guidelines for policy making’ and ‘The Green Paper on Odour Pollution’, will be used as policy tools with the ultimate aim of introducing odour pollution in the policy agenda at a global level. A ‘Strategic Roadmap on Odour Pollution’ will pave the way for bottom-up, multi-level governance for increased sustainability in the medium to long term. To address D-NOSES aims, a world-class partnership has been assembled combining experts in RRI, citizen science and co-creation, International Associations, odour scientists, including universities and SMEs, local administration and public bodies from 9 countries.
D-NOSES has been greatly active since the project’s inception being present in a wide variety of events and audiences with the aim of starting to literally put odour pollution in the map. D-NOSES has implemented the committed actions within this first reporting period going beyond the planned activities achieving the following main results:

●The International Odour Observatory (OO) has been created and launched with the aim of providing access to odour pollution information to a variety of stakeholders (citizens, affected communities by odour issues, industries, environmental and local authorities and odour experts). The OO has been co-created to ensure the most suitable platform to end users. The OO will be continuously under improvement during the life project. Dissemination actions will be deployed in order to give life to the platform.
●The main project tool, the citizen science App OdourCollect, has been improved to collaboratively report and map odour observations within the local case studies and beyond as the main tool of the D-NOSES methodology. OdourCollect has been integrated with other tools (Community Maps and PrOlor) to map odour observations and odour issues at a local, national and global levels.
●D-NOSES has started its multi-level engagement strategy analysing affected communities by odour issues at national level (over 450 communities in the 9 countries under study, 222 of them located in Europe) to select 10 local case studies to tackle odour pollution issues using the D-NOSES innovative methodology and pave the way for future regulations. Results will be used to raise awareness and increase advocacy actions to literally put odour pollution in the map globally by the end of the project and beyond.
●The D-NOSES local case studies have started in advance within the project. A strategy to extract lessons learnt from “early pilots” to inform “later pilots” was agreed since the kick off meeting within the consortium. The first 5 pilot case studies have been launched in Barcelona (Spain), Porto (Portugal), São João da Madeira (Portugal), Thessaloniki (Greece) & Sofia (Bulgaria). 2 more pilot case studies have been selected in Chile (Los Álamos) and Uganda (Kampala), where stakeholder meetings have already taken place. In the case of Barcelona, more than 250 odour observations have been already collected through the App OdourCollect. Further pilots are being selected in Germany, UK and Italy.
●Actions within the project are already contributing to the future creation of the Green Paper and the Strategic Roadmap for Governance in Odour Pollution. Advocacy actions have started also in advance and the first Policy Brief of the D-NOSES project has been launched and started to be disseminated within the attended events.
"D-NOSES is a highly ambitious project that aims to literally put odour pollution in the policy agendas at a global scale. For this purpose, a new methodology has been created to advance the state of the art in odour pollution management. An first scientific article has been published to this purpose: ""A New Methodology Based on Citizen Science to Improve Environmental Odour Management"" (Rosa Arias, Carlos Díaz & Laura Capelli). D-NOSES allows for the first time to collect odour observations in real time involving citizens affected by odour problems by building capacity in local communities increasing transparency, promoting dialogue and collaboration between quadruple helix of stakeholders. The D-NOSES methodology will be validated through 10 pilot case studies tackling a variety of odour issues in different technical problems and social contexts.

D-NOSES will have impact at environmental and social levels within the 10 pilot sites in 9 countries thanks to the work undertaken to improve odour issues in those areas. The 10 pilots will engage citizens affected in a highly inclusive approach regardless its socio-economic and cultural background, age, urban or rural area of living, gender, etc - thus, improving social cohesion within the communities. The methods created for engagement have inherent this inclusive approach and will be adapted to each case study. 6 pilots have already started to implement this approach: Barcelona, Porto, São João da Madeira, Greece, Sofia and Chile. In Barcelona, 50 citizens are actively participating and the number is increasing through the engagement actions deployed by the D-NOSES team and the community champions involved. The citizens participating have already collected more than 250 odour observations that are allowing to get a better understanding of the issue and will be linked to industrial operations to improve the odour problems.

Gender mainstreaming is a must within D-NOSES, starting by its institutional composition of mainly women within the consortium to its highly inclusive engagement model. For the Barcelona pilot, a mean of 56% of the participants in the co-creation workshops, in schools and other pilot actions have been female.