Periodic Reporting for period 1 - GENIUS (Gaussian entropic inequalities and uncertainty relations for communication and secure quantum key distribution)
Reporting period: 2018-04-01 to 2020-03-31
- I have determined the minimum entropy of the output of a large family of quantum Gaussian channels. I have then exploited this result to prove new properties of the entropy of the output of all quantum Gaussian channels. This result allowed me to prove new limits to the maximum communication rates achievable in communication to multiple receivers and to the maximum rates achievable for simultaneous communication and quantum key distribution.
- I have determined the minimum conditional entropy of the outcome of the heterodyne measurement, which is at the basis of the most promising protocol for quantum key distribution. This result provides a guarantee on the uncertainty of the key from the point of view of any possible party who wishes to intercept it, and therefore contributes to prove the perfect security of the protocol.
- I have determined the minimum conditional entropy of the output of the quantum Gaussian channels that model the noise on optical fibers. This fundamental result allowed me to determine how much quantum correlations can help to increase the communication rates through noisy optical fibers.
- I have proven the Entropy Power Inequality for classical random variables in the presence of quantum conditioning. This is a new entropic inequality with applications in determining the help of quantum correlations in the task of distributed source coding, in which multiple senders communicate their share of information.
- I have determined the maximum amount of quantum correlations that an optical fibre is able to generate. This result implies limits on the maximum achievable rates for quantum key distribution.
Moreover, I have determined the optimal probes in quantum illumination, a new protocol that exploits quantum correlations to increase the sensitivity in the detection of the presence of objects, with applications ranging from radar technology to medical sensors.
I have presented the results of the project in five talks at leading international conferences attended by all the main experts of the field and in two seminars at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria, respectively. Moreover, I have organized at the University of Copenhagen a masterclass on the topic of the project, which attracted almost 100 participants from both academia and industry.
The results of the project will be precious for both applied and theoretical researchers in quantum communication. The theoretical researchers will have at disposal a new set of entropic inequalities to determine the maximum rates for communication and key distribution in further new scenarios, while the applied researchers will be able to benchmark their protocols and proposed devices for quantum communication with the rates determined by this project.