The project will analyse competitiveness of agriculture of different European regions. This analysis will take into account environmental constraints.
Reform of the common agricultural policy (CAP) implies a progressive reduction in the levels of protection given to agricultural production. Policies will need to take into consideration the increasing technical and economic efficiency of agricultural production, an important element in competitiveness, as well as the need to protect the environment. These policies will have different impacts in different regions of Europe. Work is being done to analyze the competitiveness of agriculture in different regions, taking into account environmental constraints. This should allow determination of agricultural policies which may permit, without loss of efficiency, development of activities and techniques that wil protect the environment. The products under study are cereals, oilseeds and extensive animal production. The regions are Kent (United Kingdom), La Beauce and Toulouse (France), the Po valley (Italy), Andalucia (Spain) and Alentejo (Portugal).
The model agronomic simulation (EPIC) has been validated in the 4 participant sites. With the French data, preliminary results have been obtained on the impact of CAP reform on changes in both arable and livestock farming and on pollution by nitrates.
The methodology that will be used, combining an agronomic simulation model with mathematical programming models, permits one to take into account simultaneously the issues of competitivity and protection of the environment. There exists a certain consens us which is found in the current reform of the CAP, that implies a progressive reduction of the level of agricultural protection. It will necessarily require taking in consideration increasingly technical and economic efficiency in agricultural productio n, an important element in the determination of competitiveness.
In this context, what is the situation found in different agricultural regions of Europe ? What are the instruments of agricultural policy which may permit, without loss of efficiency, development of activities and techniques which will protect the environment ? These are the questions which this research project will address.
The products to be studied are cereals, oilseeds and extensive meat production. The regions are Kent in UK, La Beauce and Toulouse region in France, the Po Valley in Italy, Andalucia in Spain and the Alentejo in Portugal.