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Medically Assisted Reproduction: The Effects on Children, Adults and Families

Project description

A rigorous scientific study should point to any outcomes of fertility treatment other than fertility

An increasing number of people are undergoing medically assisted reproduction to conceive. While medically assisted reproduction can help people overcome infertility, the impact of such treatments on the children and their parents and families are not fully understood. Given that more than 5 million children have already been born through in vitro fertilisation alone, a rigorous scientific study is overdue. The EU-funded MARTE project is filling in the gaps using very large data sets and analysing multiple adult and child outcomes to determine those associated with treatment. The project will be critical to informing the public, policy and healthcare providers about this very important decision that more and more people are making.

Objective

Medically Assisted Reproduction (MAR) is one of the most important achievements of medical science in the last generation. In advanced societies, the number of MAR treatments increases every year, and, over the last four decades, more than five million MAR conceived children were born, and many more families received treatment. Given this trend, it is a public health prerogative to find out whether MAR affects the well-being of families. Prior findings are mixed and often hampered by low statistical power or conceptual limitations. I propose a programme of research that goes beyond the state-of-the-art by being the first to analyze comprehensively the effects of MAR on children, adults, and families through a combination of uniquely rich data, previously unused research designs, and conceptual innovations. First, in contrast to past work using small or convenience samples, I use extremely detailed and large datasets from population registers and surveys. Second, I compare the impact of MAR on different domains of life by analysing its effects on a range of adult and child outcomes (e.g. physical/mental health, education, union stability), thereby allowing me to investigate trade-offs that have not been previously tested. Third, I use innovative research designs to test whether the impact of MAR is causal by comparing children conceived through MAR treatments to their spontaneously conceived siblings, and adults who successfully conceive through MAR to those who are unsuccessful. The project has the potential to produce ground-breaking results that will impact future research in this field. Moreover, the project will have important policy implications, as its findings will be immediately relevant to health professionals advising couples seeking MAR treatments, to public health authorities allocating resources to mitigate the potentially negative effects of MAR on health, and to policy-makers considering whether to (further) subsidize MAR treatments.

Keywords

Host institution

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON
Net EU contribution
€ 1 273 111,00
Address
GOWER STREET
WC1E 6BT London
United Kingdom

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Region
London Inner London — West Camden and City of London
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
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Total cost
€ 1 273 111,00

Beneficiaries (3)