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FIWARE for the Next Generation Internet Services for the WATER sector

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - Fiware4Water (FIWARE for the Next Generation Internet Services for the WATER sector)

Reporting period: 2019-06-01 to 2020-11-30

"Fiware4Water (“F4W”) project overall objective is to demonstrate the technical, economic and social feasibility for water stakeholders to use digital solutions to address their management issues, being for raw water, drinking water or wastewater. To reach this objective, the open and free “Fiware4Water” online platform will be created based on FIWARE smart solution. FIWARE is an open source platform, created thanks to EU funding in 2016 and which has become the “de facto” standard adopted by cities ambitioning to be “smart”. It creates and integrates standards easing the development of smart applications and services in different sectors. It is currently widely used in the building and transport sectors. In F4W project, we intend to prove the feasibility to use FIWARE platform and whole ecosystem for the water sector for the benefit of both water sector end-users (cities, water utilities, water authorities, citizens) and solution providers (private utilities, SMEs, developers), hence levering lever the barriers of the digital water sector that is facing a low level of maturity in the integration and standardization of ICT solutions.
The F4W platform will allow to build modular, cybersecured and interoperable applications based on data-driven models which answer water manager needs and can be seamlessly integrated to the existing (= “legacy”) water management systems in order to extend their functionalities. The models will build upon Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, using historical and real-time data coming from sensors or smart meters. In fine, Fiware4Water will not just be a technology but also an ecosystem, with a community of adopters.
To ensure the achievement of these objectives in the short and long term, F4W consortium has adopted a 2-tier approach:
- In Tier 1, F4W will demonstrate specific Smart Applications and Smart Devices across the entire water cycle in four large scale demo cases:
o DC#1: Raw Water Supply Conveyance system (GR)
o DC#2: Management of the Drinking Water Distribution Network (FR)
o DC#3: Improvement of the WasteWater Treatment Plant operations (NL)
o DC#4: Customers engagement in drinking water efficiency (UK)
- In Tier 2, F4W will promote an EU and global network of followers for digital water and will engage a wide audience of water stakeholders (cities, municipalities, water authorities, citizens, SMEs, developers) via three demo networks:
o DN#1: Municipalities involvement in Eastern Europe
o DN#2: Water authorities through the International Network of Basin Organisations
o DN#3: Technology providers from FIWARE community"
"First, technical requirements were identified via interviews, surveys and workshops. A gap analysis of them allowed to produce the Fiware4Water Reference Architecture (F4W-RA) end of 2020.
The 4 DC have started to develop and deploy smart meters and sensors, to collect data, to design and implement analytical processes and smart models and to develop first application prototypes:
DC#1: Public procurement for 5 new water meters and 1 portable flow meter / water quality (turbidity), flow and water demand data pre-processed and analysed / 2 web applications developed, which currently support the real-time visualization of data from the existing sensors in the conveyance system
DC#2: 4 nanostations installed and configured to allow communication of data with the legacy system / 4 smart models under development and validation: Forecast water availability, Forecast water demand, Detect water leaks and Detect abnormal water quality events
DC#3: nearly all sensors and analysers installed and electrically connected / data-driven AI models implemented and tested to develop three different intelligent solutions: Soft Sensors, WWTP processes Digital Twin and optimal and autonomous agents for WWTP operations control / 2 new dashboards designed to extend the current legacy system
DC#4: smart water meters and communications infrastructure installed, allowing daily transmission of water consumption data / collected consumption data from customer side analysed and processed / early version of a predictive model to forecast user water consumption developed / first prototype of the mobile application available
In F4W project, 1 new innovative sensor is under development: a low-cost multi-parameter nano sensor, usable for drinking water and based on carbon nanotubes. During the first 18 months, the focus has been made on sensor ageing issues.
Activities were also carried out in the 3 DN:
DN#1: Virtual meetings with the representatives of the Municipal authorities and Water Utilities in Timisoara (RO), Szeged (HUN) and Novi Sad (SER).
DN#2: Presentation of F4W project during 11th INBO world General Assembly (Sept 2019) and organisation of a webinar last Nov 2020 with Euro-INBO.
DN#3: F4W challenges are currently being organised with the objective to boost SME innovation.
Moreover, socio-political engagement of citizens has started in Great Torrington (UK), with Concensus approach. A Local Water Forum has been established. They will organise a Citizen Awareness campaign and contribute to the design of the Smart Phone App."
Technically speaking, the progress made beyond the state of the art is the creation of the F4W platform based on NGSI-LD functionalities as well as important improvement into the ETSI CIM NGSI-LD standard in order to support time series management as well as Machine Learning as a Service support. Through its 4 demo cases, F4W project is demonstrating the FIWARE capabilities in the Digital Water domain thus filling the current gap of applicability of this powerful solution in this sector.
One expected outcomes of the project is the consensus about how to model a water distribution network. This consensus, tested in real case scenario, has been refined into open licensed technical specifications, and open licensed data models allowing to reduce the entrance barriers to sharing data about water and, eventually, incentive higher competitiveness in the sector.
In the second period, the implementation of serious games using the F4W-RA will allow to assess the economic impacts of the whole water management cycle with the goal to demonstrate the clear impact of the adoption of open source and open standards approach.
In terms of socio-political engagement, the ConCensus approach was implemented 100% via digital virtual means, due to Covid-19. It is expected that the project will contribute to the creation of a more extensive social demand for digital water applications as a result of having demonstrated an effective means of fully engaging all relevant municipal actors representing what is known as the Quintuple Helix at a local level.
F4W will, in the second period, build upon its contributions to white papers such as the aforementioned ‘THE NEED FOR DIGITAL WATER IN A GREEN EUROPE´ working in collaboration with the ICT4WATER Cluster and other entities to further the legislative conditions for a more effective adoption of digital applications in the water sector. This will contribute to the improved supply and treatment of drinking water and wastewater, the control of stormwater, the monitoring of both the quantity and the quality of water and the extent to which the ambitions of the Green Deal and the Twin Transition are realised, taking water as one of the principal pillars of a future sustainable society.
F4W project concept
F4W is member of the DW2020 synergy group
F4W project logo