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Integrated Marine Pollution Risk assessment and Emergency management Support Service In ports and coastal enVironmEnts

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - IMPRESSIVE (Integrated Marine Pollution Risk assessment and Emergency management Support Service In ports and coastal enVironmEnts)

Reporting period: 2018-12-01 to 2019-11-30

Copernicus is a European Programme on Earth Observation, which includes among others satellite facilities (Sentinels) and operational services such as the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS). Sentinel 1A and Sentinel 1B have Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) capabilities that, exploited in quick reaction time, allow rapid identification of oil-slicks and maritime vessels. Sentinel 2A and Sentinel 2B however, have a very high spatial resolution (10 meters) multispectral radiometer in the visible-near infrared spectrum that, exploited in near real time, also allows a rapid identification of waste waters plumes (treated and non-treated) and organic slimes. CMEMS provides operational services for the Global Ocean and European ocean basins; those of interest for this proposal are the Iberian-Biscay-Ireland regional seas and the Mediterranean Sea. There is a growing demand from these modelling products, requiring increased accuracy, higher resolution, now-casting and longer forecast time intervals, etc. In particular, there exist very-high (few tens of meters) resolution downstream applications of these models, such as SAMOA1 and SANIFS2 (Southern Adriatic Northern Ionian coastal Forecasting System), that describe ocean currents in geographically restricted small areas such as harbors. Modelling these areas is of great interest because the large ship activity, ship traffic and ship refueling, addresses them as highly risky for pollutant spills.

The main goal of IMPRESSIVE project is to develop a universal-relocatable platform as a product for the real time management of marine pollution events in the wider area of harbors and the vicinities and the near coastal areas that are easy to manipulate and use from the control post at the harbor. The product will be consisting of an integrated operational service that will rely on:

(1) A satellite monitoring service that processes Sentinel 1, 2 and 3 satellite images and Copernicus Marine products to identify polluting events (oil spills, and waste-water discharges), to generate alerts and to provide their position and features in near real time.
(2) A software package that once an event is located will provide forecast of its drift and fate, based on coupling between the pollutant fate and transport and the hydrodynamic numerical models, supporting decision making and the maneuvering of the Autonomous vehicles with advanced positioning technologies.
(3) A set of risk mapping product based on the integration of time series of remote sensing and models products. To risk mapping we will use a new methodology based on complex network theory, developing a new way to analyze Big Data for Risk monitoring, forecasting and management, in real-time when needed, using time series analytics based network data analytics. We will apply the qualitative methods of complex network theory and scale invariance networks and examines the structure of the dataset and its evolution, studying the properties of a continuous space starting from a discrete sample of it, identifying noise and distinguishing higher- and lower- dimensional features. This will be done both in terms of the overall structure as well as its evolution. Our methodology will allow us to investigate such properties as the given network’s complexity, its vulnerabilities to failure due to over-capacity and catastrophic break-downs, this information will allow us to develop crisis management and mitigation strategies.
(4) A set of specifically designed Autonomous Surface Vehicles (ASVs) and a drone equipped with remote sensing instruments and a sampler device (on board of the ASVs) that will be remotely operated from the Headquarter Control Post for operational monitoring missions and/or accidental/illegal oil spills and other polluting events. Once the problem is reported, they may be deployed to target and support monitoring and sampling tasks on the ground. They will be also useful to couple/validate the output forecasts of the marine pollution model and the hydrodynamic numerical model.
(5) This product will be accompanied by an action protocol and will be tested and validated as a operational pilot (demo), and in accordance with the standards, in Puerto de la Luz (Gran Canaria) and at two other European ports, Taranto port (Italy) and Rafina port (Greece). They will also support/improve the decision-making protocol during any particular event that may occur inside or outside the harbor.
(6) A local rapid-response integrated system of near real time satellite/ASVs/drone/model/Forecast/risk mapping survey information and products, to support/improve the decision making process in any particular spilling event that may occur inside or outside the harbor or in a near coastal areas.

Although the oil industry and other industries (related to waste waters) isare fully aware of the international laws and the risks connected with marine pollution, there is still ample evidence of numerous repeat offenders. It can be easily understood that identification of the discharge source, precise photographic documentation and valid estimation on its behavior are required quickly both for the legal prosecution and the prevention of environmental damage. The proposed approach and methodology can provide such information. Thus, IMPRESSIVE project gives to society a means to handle more efficiently the protection of maritime environment.
1 E. Alvarez Fanjul et al. SAMOA: la oceanografía operacional al servicio de las Autoridades Portuarias., Valle C. et al. (Eds) Libro de Resúmenes. IV Encuentro Oceanografía Física Española. Universidad de Alicante, Alicante. 143 pp. ISBN: 978-84-16724-17-8. 2016.
2 - Federico, I., Pinardi, N., Coppini, G., Oddo, P., Lecci, R., and Mossa, M.: Coastal ocean forecasting with an unstructured-grid model in the Southern Adriatic Northern Ionian Sea, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 45-59, doi:10.5194/nhess-17-45-2017 2017
We have reached the 1st Milestone in M4 regarding the finalization of Concept of operations, pilot scenarios and system architecture requirements ready.
We are currently in the development phase in order to reach Milestones 2nd and 3rd in M20 and M19 respectively (regarding the IMPRESSIVE Models and the IMPRESSIVE Platform readiness).
Seven (7) final deliverables are submitted according to schedule.
T2.1 Downstreaming of Sentinel images (M12)
T3.1 IMPRESSIVE platform GUI design (M3)
T6.1 Definition of pilot scenarios (M4)
T7.1 Data Management Plan (M3)
T7.3 IMPRESSIVE website & social media (M1)
T7.4 IMPRESSIVE Promotional Material (M3)
T8.2 IMPRESSIVE Business Plan (M12)

The first versions of other eight (8) deliverables are also submitted according to schedule and are expected to be updated further on in relation to the work progress and be re-submitted as final versions in due time.
T1.1 Project Management and Financial Monitoring (M30)
T1.2 Project Quality & Risk Management (M30)
T1.3 Technical Progress Monitoring (M30)
T2.3 Waste waters detection and alerts (M30)
T4.1 Vehicles’ preparation (M18)
T4.2 Software development to process drone hyperspectral images (M17)
T7.2 Dissemination Plan and Activities (M30)
T8.1 Exploitation Plan and Activities (M30)