"This research paper will review the state of the art and elaborate an analytical framework for studying differentiated governance. It will study the interplay between the legal and organizational dimensions of differentiated integration by scrutinizing the following elements for Member State, non-Member States and sub-State entities: - modes of governance, differentiation though hard/soft governance (Community method with ""hard"", strongly legalized policy instruments versus intergovernmental/transgovernmental cooperation and open method of coordination with ""softer"", less legalized and more operational instruments); - sites of governance, differentiation through participation in primary and secondary EU bodies, such as committees, EU agencies, policy networks or programmes (see Lavenex 2015); - levels of governance, differentiation through multi-level (EU, national and sub-national) and network governance; - stages of governance, differentiation through participation in decision-shaping, decision-making,"
Thsi research paper will analyze and address the conditions under which political unity can be guaranteed while at the same time constitutional diversity within a sui generis system can be safeguarded. The respective research question is how much differentiation is requested in order to allow for the development into a “political community based on shared rights and obligations of membership” (Lord, 2015: 784). In a first step the analysis will highlight the differences between the political system, political cultures and traditions, social cleavages, territoriality, socio-economic factors and demographic patterns in the EU (Burgess, 1993; 1999). This would also include an assessment of the issue of the deteriorating rule of law situation in Hungary and Poland. In a second step this task assesses in how far forms of political differentiation have changed the narrative of political unity. The European Council for instance clearly refers to this option in its Conclusions of February 2015 for the first time.
Following a traditional historiographic approach, this research paper will look at the history of differentiation as it has so far been applied to European integration, with the aim to draw causal dynamics and lessons from it. Within this broad area, the paper will focus particularly on the notion of “crisis”, defined broadly to include its social, political, and institutional aspects. Building on the simple observation that it is in times of difficulties that the idea of differentiation is often invoked in Europe, the paper will start by asking whether differentiation has provided viable and durable solutions to the continent’s problems and institutional impasse. This causal connection will, however, also be turned upside down in the paper by exploring whether differentiation can itself be seen also as a cause of crisis under certain circumstances. If so, how can the two aspects of the differentiation/crisis relationship be reconciled? To answer these questions, the paper will look at a number of cases
WP 10 will start by drafting a CDEAP to be presented and discussed during the kick-off meeting and shared in its final version few weeks after it. The CDEAP will describe a strategy to create and ensure external visibility to the project, disseminate products and exploit results. The plan will include a detailed analysis of the expected impacts among the different audiences (see Section 2.2), with the aim to target them through different modalities of communication and dissemination. Firstly, the CDEAP will describe the communication strategies that EU IDEA will implement in its outreach to all the EU and national institutions and stakeholders concerned. Secondly, among the project’s audiences, the CDEAP will identify specific networks or groups of people to reach. The CDEAP will specify timing, products, and channels for the dissemination of any deliverable of the project. Thirdly, the CDEAP will assign and coordinate the activities that each partner institution might be able to launch and conduct to suppo
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