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Fifth Generation Cross-Border Control

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - 5GCroCo (Fifth Generation Cross-Border Control)

Reporting period: 2018-11-01 to 2020-06-30

5GCroCo is devoted to conduct large-scale trials of 5G technologies for Cooperative, Connected, and Automated Mobility (CCAM) in the European 5G cross-border corridor connecting the cities of Metz-Merzig-Luxembourg, traversing the borders between France, Germany and Luxembourg. The provision of CCAM services across different countries when vehicles traverse various national borders has a promising innovative business potential. However, the seamless provision of connectivity and the uninterrupted delivery of real-time services across borders also pose technical challenges which 5G technologies promise to solve. The situation is challenging given the multi-country, multi-operator, multi-telco-vendor, multi-car-manufacturer, and cross-generation scenario of any cross-border layout. The 5GCroCo project is piloting use cases for Automated Driving in 1) Tele-operated Driving, 2) High Definition (HD) map generation and distribution for automated vehicles, and 3) Anticipated Cooperative Collision Avoidance. In addition to the large-scale 5G corridor trials, 5GCroCo will also conduct small scale pilots in Barcelona, Montlhéry (France), German Motorway A9 5G-ConnectedMobility testbed, Munich, and AstaZero (Sweden). The overall objective of the project is to reduce the uncertainties associated with enhanced Vehicle-to-Anything (eV2X communications) across borders in Europe in preparation for commercial 5G deployment and thus increase safety, efficiency, and mobility in Europe.
5GCroCo has specified in detail the three use cases (Tele-Operated Driving (ToD), HD Mapping, and Anticipated Cooperative Collision Avoidance (ACCA)) that will be validated in the 5GCroCo project. For each use case 5GCroCo has defined the different user stories, the conditions of the test cases which are associated to each user story, the expected functional outcomes per user story, the monitored KPIs per user story, and the locations where the test and trials shall be demonstrated.
In addition, 5GCroCo has initiated the description of the software architecture of the applications forming the use cases and the hardware and software architecture of the required network and IT infrastructure. Initial network architecture providing solutions for cross-border handover, cross-MNO Network Function Virtualization (NFV) and Software Defined Networking (SDN), Quality of Service (QoS) prediction, Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC), and positioning has been specified. The initial solutions and architectural schemes serve as input for the deployment in the trial sites. Interoperability issues have been analysed and potential solutions have been provided that will be further refined and evaluated in the context of the two trial phases.
A detailed plan, roadmap and coordination of testing of 5G solutions for CCAM per test site and use case has been defined for the first round of large-scale and small-scale scale tests and trials. The communication infrastructure is under deployment at the cross-border areas, while it has been deployed at all small-scale pilots. The software and hardware components at the vehicle side are in the integration phase.
The use cases and the KPIs defined in 5GCroCo, coupled with the used V2X technologies and standards, together with the existing business analyses derived within other relevant 5G consortia and projects (e.g. 5GAA, GSMA, 5G NetMobil, and 5GCAR), have been used as starting point to identify new business opportunities that exist in the challenging 5GCroCo ecosystem (multi-vendor for telco equipment, multi-OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) for automotive, multi-mobile network operator (MNO), cross-border, and multiple content providers). An important effort has been put on the adaptation of existing business validation canvas to the new automotive ecosystem, including new business oriented KPIs and business model building blocks. 5GCroCo analyses potential gaps which need to be covered and developed to guarantee the success of any business case for CCAM based on 5G.
5GCroCo has concluded the first round of analysis and monitoring of several standardization, pre-standardization, and regulatory bodies that are related with project’s objectives. A first version of potential gaps and/or requirements that may affect the smooth realization or delay of the development of 5G CCAM services in cross-border environments has been identified and is under discussion with related stakeholders and standardization bodies. 5GCroCo partners have successfully submitted and have been accepted 30 contributions to 3GPP, 5 contributions to ETSI ITS and 36 contributions to 5GAA. A spectrum analysis has been also conducted to understand if there are new spectrum needs by the realization of 5GCroCo CCAM services.
5GCroCo partners, implementing the defined dissemination and communication strategy spread project results in academia and industry through various activities. Diverse means (e.g. social media, website, international fora, regular newsletters, etc.) have been prepared and are used to promote the 5GCroCo concepts and outcomes. 5GCroCo collaborates with 5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership (5G-PPP) projects and other relevant 5G initiatives (e.g. 5G Automotive Association (5GAA)). Interactions with stakeholders (e.g. C-ROADS platform) help 5GCroCo to ensure maximum impact and visibility of project’s results. 5GCroCo has participated to several events and has submitted joint and individual papers to conferences and journals. Finally, the 5GCroCo exploitation framework as well as the innovation management tasks have been defined together with the exploitation plans and first results of the project partners.
5GCroCo has already started and will continue to investigate and specify the relevant 5G V2X requirements to identify new technological applications that will enable safe and efficient approaches for vehicles. Technical solutions, new regulation proposals, novel business models based on the proposed technological applications and concepts will continue to be developed and validated. The participation of leading telecommunication, equipment and automotive industry as well as strong academic partners will ensure the expected outcome and impacts of the project.
The contribution of 5GCroCo to improve innovation capacity and the integration of new knowledge is twofold. Firstly, 5GCroCo aims at a sustainable improvement of existing markets in the ICT sector, characterized by a better Quality of Experience (QoE) for the end user (lower latency, ubiquitous availability, higher reliability) and for the network operator (e.g. higher capacity). Secondly, 5GCroCo aims at the constitution of new markets and value chains, with special focus on cross-border scenarios. 5G will enable new types of applications and services in the automotive sector, tackling specific use cases in multi-domain scenarios
The first round of tests and trials demonstrating a selection of user stories on cross-border sections of the France- Germany- Luxembourg corridor will be performed from September to November 2020. Concerning the second round of trials, they are planned to be demonstrated from August to September 2021. Based on the trials’ outcomes and validation results, 5GCroCo intends to enhance the defined solutions, business and cooperation models and also propose improvements to standardization and regulatory bodies to address identified gaps and barriers.