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Cyber Physical Systems for Europe

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - CPS4EU (Cyber Physical Systems for Europe)

Reporting period: 2019-07-01 to 2020-06-30

In recent years, Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) technologies have become a game changer in strategic sectors such as Automotive, Energy and Industry Automation, where Europe is a world leader. In fact, CPS is a key driver for the innovation capacity of European industries, large and small, generating economic growth and supporting meaningful jobs for citizens. CPS4EU aims to arm Europe with extensive value chain across key sectors by:
1. Strengthening CPS Technology providers, mainly European SMEs, to increase their market share and their competitiveness to become world leaders
2. Improve design efficiency and productivity and enable secure certification
3. Enabling the creation of innovative European CPS products that will strengthen the leadership and competitiveness of Europe by both large groups and SMEs
4. Large Dissemination of CPS technologies.

To achieve these goals CPS4EU will:
1. Develop 4 key enabling technologies (computing, connectivity, sensing, cooperative systems)
2. Incorporate these CPS modules through pre-integrated architectures and design tools
3. Instantiate these architectures in dedicated use cases from strategic application: automotive, smart grid and industry automation
4. Improve CPS awareness and usage for all industrial sectors

CPS4EU gathers major large companies (VALEO, THALES, TRUMPF, RTE, LEONARDO, and SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC), a large set of innovative SMEs and world-class research centres (CEA, INRIA, CNRS, VICOM, BME, UNISA, TUC, UNA, ITU) to significantly reduce the development time and certification efforts through pan European collaboration, knowledge exchange and access to the strong value chain in strategic markets.
CPS4EU builds on a strong foundation in European and national initiatives. It will enable the European industry to lead strategic markets thanks to high level sharing of CPS technologies across sectors all along the value chain.
During the first year of the project, the main objectives assigned to the project consortium have been reached:
- Detailed specifications of the Use Cases for WP7 Automotive, WP8 Industry and WP9 Energy and SMEs are published and available for all the other partner activities. All the Use Cases considered in the Project Proposal have been kept, and their relevance as generic use cases has also been confirmed.
- Analysis of the Components to be developed in WP1 through WP4 have been performed in line with the use case specifications. Their early technical and functional requirements are available for the next steps of the developments. The Components to be developed in CPS4EU cover well the functional needs with adequate performance that meet the Use Case specifications.
- The project consortium confirmed the relevance of the pre-integrated architecture (PIARCH) concept. All the PIARCHs are integrated in the preliminary system architectures for all the Use Cases. They also are compatible with the legacy sub-systems that will be partially re-used. The definition of PIARCHS have led to the addition of an EDGE Computing PIARCH compared to the 4 PIARCH already outlined in the Project Proposal. This PIARCH will cover the needs of the WP8 Industry use case.
- A wide review of all the tools proposed by the project partners took place. The coverage of the tools for the project needs was confirmed, taking into account both Use Cases and Components. The specifications and requirements of the respective tools have been consolidated. The connections with other projects like ArrowHeadTools are engaged, and a practical joint development between the two projects is already defined.

The first year of the project confirmed the good synergies and the positive mindset which drive the joint activities within the CPS4EU project. In addition:
- The contributions of the CPS4EU project as part of the Digital transformation becomes more clear, especially vs IOT and Edge Computing. CPS4EU outcomes will contribute to the first layers of the Digital transformation ie from Asset to Communication, and from Product to Station.
- The contact was done with both Lighthouse projects Industry4E and Mobility.E. CPS4EU is also referenced in the database of projects related to Connected and Automated Driving.
- The amount and quality of the publications issued by the project is satisfactory. The Dissemination actions were also at a satisfactory level in S2 2019, but have been impacted later due to the COVID crisis. Communication activities are not at the expected level, and mitigation actions are now in place.
- As expected, the negociations on the Project Consortium Agreement are difficult, due to heterogenous concerns of the numerous partners. Nevertheless, all the partners cooperate to determine acceptable compromises and show high willingness to reach an Agreement in the next few weeks.
From a general perspective, the Components developed in CPS4EU are at the State of the Art. Most of them target embedded applications with medium TOPS performance. GWT and Kalray solutions promote specifically low electrical power consumption. The tools developed in WP5 and used by the Use Case developers are at the State of the Art, or show innovative principles vs COTS tools. We beleive that CPS4EU advances beyond the State of the Art will take place at the integration level, with its PIARCH paradigm, As a result of the new PIARCH approach, it appears that it also enables the seamless addition of new non-functional features (cybersecurity, privacy, power consumption, product configurator) needed by the new digitized markets.

CPS4EU is a mean to ensure a comprehensive CPS ecosystem in Europe by to supporting, with the help of research institutions, both CPS technology providers and CPS integrators, thus leading to a sovereign European CPS procurement chain. What more the objective is to provide the CPS actors, a framework of innovative solutions to enhance their competitiveness.

The main impact for technology providers lays on the ability to create new products or allow the refurbishment the existing ones into new generation products, taking full advantage of advanced concepts and high-end electronic components offered by the CPS4EU project. The concept of pre-integrated architecture is iconic of this guiding line of CPS4EU, which directly reflects on the expected revenues coming from the new/evolved product sales.

The expected impact for large groups and SMEs may be measured by new products, at the state of the art, or improved generation of existing products developed in CPS4EU.

Of course, a large system (Autonomous car or airplane) results of a large number of innovations and even if CPS4EU will be a large contributor in the addressed markets, it will not be the only source of innovation. The expected impact for large groups needs then to be evaluated using more adapted criteria than simple financial ROI. In CPS4EU 5 criteria have been used by industrial partners. These are:
- Strengthening of the value chain: this is the main objective of the project and it should benefit to all large enterprises contributing to CPS4EU
- Acceleration of the time to market for new products
- Reducing design cost
- Better qualification/ certification/ control
- Direct increase of sales