How life transforms our bones
Humans have transitioned from mobile hunter-gatherers to farmers and, most recently, to city dwellers. The world’s urban population has increased rapidly since the 1950s, from 751 million to more than 4 billion today. In fact, more than half of the world population now lives in urban areas. In this context, the EU-funded TRANSITIONS project will study and provide advanced training on and develop approaches to interpreting skeletal differences in the context of hunter-gatherers, farmers and urban dwellers. The findings will shed new light on how different lifestyles affect skeletal form. This is of importance in understanding the lives of past peoples and how best to maintain skeletal health in our rapidly urbanising world.