Periodic Reporting for period 1 - CAPARDUS (Capacity-building in Arctic standardisation develoment)
Reporting period: 2019-12-01 to 2021-05-31
WP2: Case studies in Greenland. Dialogue and collaboration has been established with actors in Greenland regarding development standards, practices and guidelines related to natural resource management. The actors include researchers, local communities, commercial operators and governmental agencies and policy makers. Several online meetings were organized with the actors instead of physical meetings. Progress is made in developing a working Bayesian Belief Network model to solve a selected natural resource management challenges in Greenland. The model is set up to demonstrate management of halibut fisheries and is developed in collaboration with stakeholders. The case study has contributed to incorporate local knowledge and Community-Based Monitoring (CBM) into decision-making in the Government regarding fisheries and hunting in Greenland. The goal is to establish a government executive order on CBM which will enable governmental support to community observations and thereby make it sustainable.
WP3: Case studies in Svalbard. Several online meetings have been organised with the Local Council, the Governor, tourist operators and other actors to identify standards, practices and guidelines for various activities. In order to map the development of standards among the operators in Svalbard, a survey was formulated and will be implemented during 2021. The survey consists of a questionnaire about guidelines, practices, regulations, etc. within selected topics, such as melting of permafrost, increased coastal erosion and snow avalanche. In March 2021 a workshop was organised online in collaboration with the CULTCOAST project with the objective to monitor, manage and protect sites and landscapes in Svalbard under climate change. The purpose of the workshop was to plan new community-based monitoring (CBM) and citizen science (CS) programs in the Svalbard area in collaboration with cruise operators, local guides and other researchers.
WP4: Case studies in Russia. The focus has been to further develop the CBM activities and identify the best practises for CBM projects in the Yakutia and Murmansk regions. Some 20 communities are involved in CAPARDUS and several of them have active CBM groups that are collecting local observations and communicate about their local knowledge. These groups contribute to documentation and mapping of indigenous knowledge and development of standards All dialogue activities have been online, because travels and physical meetings have not been possible.
WP5: Case studies in USA. A concept map is developed to show how coastal community observing programs currently produce and share information on environmental hazards in Alaska. A document analysis of observing efforts and community information needs has been conducted, addressing permafrost thaw, coastal erosion, etc. The analysis was used to prepare interview questions to stakeholders and users of coastal hazard observations. About 11 interviews were held and results are not available yet. The purpose is to provide an understanding of the landscape of organizations and individuals involved in coastal community observations of erosion, and permafrost thaw hazards.
WP6: Arctic Practice System. WP6 has focus on methodology to design an Arctic Practice System based on input from WP2-WP5 and literature. Internal workshops have been organised to clarify terminologies such as “co-design/co-production“ of knowledge. CAPARDUS has focus on how data and information in the communities should feed into the design of an APS. The APS system will extend the semantic technology from OBPS to include more Arctic-focused terminologies. The OBPS has set up an Arctic Practices repository for uploading of Arctic documents used by CAPARDUS to review standards and best practices. In addition to document analysis there will be interviews, surveys, workshops, dialogue with CBM and CS programmes, and communication with stakeholders. Work has been done to develop questions and surveys to to gather information in a structured way to support the design of the APS. In this way progress has been made in establishing an enabling environment for the APS design.
WP7: Synthesis, requirements and recommendations. This WP has not started.
WP8: Communication and outreach. The communication activities have focused on giving presentation of the project at conferences, workshops and dialogue meetings with organisations, projects and various stakeholders who are working with the same topics as CAPARDUS.