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CORDIS

Two-Dimensional Oscillatory Neural Networks for Energy Efficient Neuromorphic Computing

Project description

Energy-efficient bio-inspired devices accelerate route to brain-like computing

Neuro-inspired computing employs technologies that enable brain-inspired computing hardware for more efficient and adaptive intelligent systems. Mimicking the human brain and nervous system, these computing architectures are excellent candidates for solving complex and large-scale associative learning problems. The EU-funded NeurONN project will showcase a novel and alternative neuromorphic computing paradigm based on energy-efficient devices and architectures. In the proposed neuro-inspired computing architecture, information will be encoded in the phase of coupled oscillating neurons or oscillatory neural networks. The VO2 metal-insulator transition devices will emulate biological neurons and are expected to be 250 times more efficient that state-of-the-art digital CMOS-based oscillators. Their 2D memristors that will emulate synapses are expected to be 330 times more efficient than the state-of-the-art.

Objective

Neuro-inspired computing architectures are one of the leading candidates to solve complex and large-scale associative learning problems for AI applications. The two key building blocks for neuromorphic computing are the neuron and the synapse, which form the distributed computing and memory units. In the NeurONN project, we are proposing a novel neuro-inspired computing architecture where information is encoded in the “phase” of coupled oscillating neurons or oscillatory neural networks (ONN). Specifically, VO2 metal-insulator transition (MIT) devices and 2D memristors will be developed as neurons and synapses for hardware implementations. We predict VO2 MIT devices are up to 250X more energy efficient than state of the art digital CMOS based oscillators, where 2D memristors are up to 330X more energy efficient than state of the art TiO2 memristors. Moreover, the predicted energy efficiency gain of ONN architecture vs state of the art spiking neural network (SNN) architecture is up to 40X. Thus, NeurONN will showcase a novel and alternative energy efficient neuromorphic computing paradigm based on energy efficient devices and architectures. Such ONN will demonstrate synchronization and coupling dynamics for establishing collective learning behavior, in addition to desirable characteristics such as scaling, ultra-low power computation, and high computing performance. NeurONN aims to develop the first-ever ONN hardware platform (targeting two demonstrators) and complete with an ONN design methodology toolbox covering aspects from ONN architecture design to algorithms in order to facilitate adoption, testing and experimentation of ONN demonstrator chips by all potential users to unleash the potential of ONN technology.

Call for proposal

H2020-ICT-2018-20

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Sub call

H2020-ICT-2019-2

Coordinator

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Net EU contribution
€ 1 064 800,00
Address
RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
75794 Paris
France

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Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
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Total cost
€ 1 064 800,00

Participants (6)