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Hydrogen Energy Applications for Valley Environments in Northern Netherlands

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - HEAVENN (Hydrogen Energy Applications for Valley Environments in Northern Netherlands)

Reporting period: 2020-01-01 to 2020-12-31

HEAVENN is a large-scale demo project addressing the requirements of the call, by bringing together core elements: production, distribution, storage and local end-use of H2 into a fully-integrated and functioning “H2 valley” (H2V), that can serve as a blueprint for replication across Europe and beyond. The main goal is to make use of green hydrogen across the entire value chain, while developing replicable business models for wide-scale commercial deployment of H2 across the entire regional energy system. HEAVENN aims to become a Hydrogen Valley blueprint for other regions to replicate.
In 2020, the first project year, mostly preparatory work was carried out.

Cluster I: Chemical Park Delfzijl/Eemshaven
- Preparatory work in the realisation of a reinforced thermoplastic pipe for high-pressure H2 to connect the production facility to the compression stations
- Studies on the required electrical infrastructure upgrade: comparison of various options and implications on the design
- Preparatory work on the trailer fill facility: location confirmed, safety study conducted, tender prepared for equipment, discussions started on the collaboration between partners on H2 supply-transport-use chain.
- A location and methodology for making available H2 for the salt ship was realised
- Design of the system for dockside power has progressed, although the dockside design itself is delayed because of COVID-10 travel restrictions
- FCH for Inland waterway transport: studies on technical requirements completed, procurement of equipment started

Cluster II: Storage and Built environment
- Permits were granted for the salt cavern in Zuidwending.
- Co-funding was secured for the Heat for built environment projects in Hoogeveen. Collaborations were initiated, technical design of the H2 distribution system was completed. A quantitative risk analysis, market orientation and zoning plan were prepared.
- Preparatory work for the data centre H2 auxiliary power. Also exploring possibilities of connection to the local heat grid
- Preparatory work on the heat at municipal building in Groningen: permit application

Cluster III: GZI Emmen
- It was decided to implement an at least 4MW Electrolyser (iso 2MW). Concept design completed. Ongoing work on the preliminary business case. Procurement in preparation. No FID yet.
- A technical feasibility study was carried out for the H2 pipeline connecting the electrolyser to GETEC Industrial Park.
- Design of the HRS Emmen was completed. Site tendering is in progress. Launching customer secured.
- H2 for steam generation at GETEC: infrastructure study completed, burner conversion study completed, procurement of subcontracters in preparation.

Cluster IV: Mobility
- 3 of 4 refuse trucks have been ordered for H2 garbage collection in Groningen
- Procurement of municipal fleet vans was initiated
- Preparatory work on the realisation of a fleet of 100 passenger vehicles was done.
- Location development for the HRSes is ongoing

WP5: Impact Analysis and Business Models
- Market and economic studies were initiated, establishing the analytical framework, the technical and economical constraints and barriers, the market and economic conditions and a scenario analysis.
- Development of business models was started by reviewing the Northern Netherlands Green H2 Economy Roadmap and the Updated H2 Investment Agenda for the Northern Netherlands to align with the regional roadmap. Main parameters of the regional business model were defined.
- The evaluation of the environmental impact of the entire project was initiated by adopting the recently updated Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment methodology.
- The definition of the Social Life Cycle Assessment methodology was initiated, using the impact categories related to H2: human capital, cultural heritage and human well-being. Efforts have been dedicated to the initial preparation of a series of structured surveys to the general public and stakeholders.
- The work on EU replication has started based on previous information and experiences from projects as BIGHIT and the Hydrogen Territories Platform (HTP).

WP6: Studies Enabling Future H2 Roll Out
A number of studies was initiated in 2020:
- An elaborate study on the scale up possibilities of H2 production from 100MW to 2GW at ENGIE Eemshaven site.
- Preliminary assessments have been done about the feasibility of positioning a 50MW electrolyser at the GZI Next Emmen plot: it seems possible, however the existing grid connection and potable water supply need further study. The economic feasibility is challenging, there is insufficient offtake in hydrogen market that are able to pay the cost price for green hydrogen production.
- Extensive work has been done to model the impact of connecting energy systems in the border region, in such a way that supply and demand of Renewable Energy Sources in the region can be coordinated regionally.
- A study is underway researching under which conditions steel or thermoplastic is the most appropriate material for an H2 pipeline.
- The background methodology to assess the optimal H2 network is being developed.
- Three H2 mobility studies are being carried out: focused on maritime transport (much expertise is still needed), railway transport (many factors in the play - high costs, missing infrastructure, political developments, policies and legislations) and road trucks (challenge is to solve the chicken-egg bottleneck of available i).
- A Roadmap towards 2050 is under development. Ongoing projects/studies include:
1. Optimizing Hydrogen Refueling Station Locations and Tour Planning: Heavy Weight Road Transport in the Northern Netherlands
2. Minimizing production costs of green hydrogen in off-grid situations: The effect of the hydrogen supply chain design and the addition of battery storage on the production costs of hydrogen
3. A Business Model For Strategic Capacity Expansion and Replacement For Electrolysis Plants
4. Solving multi-source pipe network layout problems for hydrogen networks with different degrees of decentralization (of production) and the presence of storage sites
5. Flexible hydrogen production from the perspective of the electrolyzer and storage operator considering trading in multiple electricity markets and coupling renewable energy sources
6. Optimal control for selling green hydrogen and electricity at offshore windfarms with power purchasing agreements
clusterI CPD
Table State of the Art, illustrating third text field
clusterII storage and built environment
clusterIII Emmen Industry
cluster IV green mobility
salt barge