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Intelligent Secure Trustable Things

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - InSecTT (Intelligent Secure Trustable Things)

Reporting period: 2020-06-01 to 2021-05-31

Artificial Intelligence of Things (AIoT) is the natural evolution for both Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Internet of Things (IoT) because they are mutually beneficial. AI increases the value of the IoT through Machine Learning by transforming the data into useful information, while the IoT increases the value of AI through connectivity and data exchange. Therefore, InSecTT – Intelligent Secure Trustable Things, a pan-European effort with 52 key partners from 12 countries (EU and Turkey), provides intelligent, secure and trustworthy systems for industrial applications. This results in comprehensive cost-efficient solutions of intelligent, end-to-end secure, trustworthy connectivity and interoperability to bring the Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence together. InSecTT aims at creating trust in AI-based intelligent systems and solutions as a major part of the AIoT.

The overall objectives of InSecTT are to develop solutions for (1) Intelligent, (2) Secure, (3) Trustable (4) Things applied in (5) industrial solutions for European industry throughout the whole Supply Chain (6).

More precisely:
1) Providing intelligent processing of data applications and communication characteristics locally at the Edge to enable real-time and safety-critical industrial applications.
2) Developing industrial-grade secure, safe and reliable solutions that can cope with cyberattacks and difficult network conditions.
3) Providing measures to increase trust for user acceptance, make AI/ML explainable and give the user control over AI functionality.
4) Developing solutions for the Internet of Things, i.e. mostly wireless devices with energy- and processingconstraints, in heterogeneous and also hostile/harsh environments.
5) Providing re-usable solutions across industrial domains.
6) Methodological approach with the Integral Supply Chain, from academic, to system designers and integrators, to component providers, applications and services developers & providers and end users.

The issues of ethics and public trust in deployed AI systems are now receiving significant international interest. The European Commission (EC) has recently released ethics guidelines for trustworthy AI. Trustworthy AI has three components: it should be lawful, it should be ethical, and it should be robust. In InSecTT, we focus on robustness and ethics, ensuring our developed systems are resilient, secure and reliable, while prioritising the principles of explainability and privacy. Local intelligent processing makes it possible to reduce the data required for transmission. Although most of work will be done on local level, communication with a Cloud is not excluded and will be needed in the right balance in some use cases. User trust and concern considerations will be incorporated throughout the design, development, and evaluation processes to ensure trustworthiness and acceptance.
Following a very successful kick-off meeting in Graz in June 2020, all procedures at project level have been established to enable a smooth cooperation between all project partners.
From the technical point of view, the requirements have been defined, consolidated and harmonized (1st iteration). The use case (UC) specifications have been created and the implementation of the Building Blocks (WP2/3) has started, with initial versions already available for some of them. Following this, integration into UCs started, with several phase one demonstrators already available. As not all demonstrators/UCs are following an iterative development approach, more demonstrators are expected to become available during the 2nd and 3rd year and of the project.
InSecTT also created heavy impact with respect to dissemination: not only have the website and the dissemination material been created, but numerous dissemination and publication activities have taken place during the first year.
As a summary, the project is very well on track, with all milestones achieved and significant results already created.
Today, the development of IoT devices is already so complex that human errors inevitably occur in the conventional development process during their development. This is often exploited by resourceful hackers to compromise security and consequently leads to a loss of consumer trust. By using AI, a completely new approach is taken. The burden of finding solutions to complex problems will be transferred from the programmer to their program.

InSecTT is therefore utilizing AI for two core tasks:
1) AI-supported Embedded Processing for industrial tasks: this does not only include the typical speech and image recognition tasks that AI is used for today, but also specific smaller control and monitoring tasks needed inindustry and multiple instances of the most traditional ones (audio and video) cross-correlated with other monitoring techniques.
2) AI enhanced wireless transmission (e.g. beam-forming, propagation, prediction, interference reduction, energy saving, opportunistic transmission, improved direction of arrival estimations, improved human safety operation, etc.) for improving reliability as well as security (e.g. intrusion detection and response) in heterogeneous and even hostile environments (e.g. crowded urban areas, under water and metallic environment).

InSecTT aims to provide cross-domain solutions for 9 industrial domains: Health, Smart Infrastructure, Urban Public Transport, Aeronautics, Automotive, Railway, Manufacturing, Maritime, and Building. The cross-domain aspect is not only realised by bringing in components to different domains, but also by interconnecting the domains in a truly cross-domain communication. This can be seen e.g. in use cases on airports or ports, where information from buildings, vehicles and planes needs to be exchanged with each other.

InSecTT will strengthen Europe’s industry by demonstrating intelligent solutions which allow third parties – in particular startups companies – to develop AIoT applications faster in an open innovation-based approach to increase societal benefits. InSecTT will boost private investments into AIoT. In addition to the ECSEL and national funding, industrial partners will invest a significant amount of own money into industrialisation and commercialisation of their AIoT developments, going down the last mile to the market. Not only products will be developed but based on the significant amount of cross-domain use cases provided by the industry a huge amount of new services based on AIoT will be made available, like for smart infrastructure like ports and airports with a special focus on professional and private end users. InSecTT will significantly improve the trust of professional and private users into AIoT solutions: InSecTT takes the “Framework for Developing Trustable Systems” created as part of the SCOTT project and will substantially extend it to cover the topic of AI. As part of this, InSecTT will develop solutions fully compliant to the “Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI”, having been released in April 2019 by the “Independent High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence”. InSecTT will instantiate those guidelines and integrate them into the “Framework for Developing Trustable AIoT systems”. Hence, InSecTT will be a showcase for European industry by developing trustable and ethical AIoT solutions for the benefits of citizens and the society.
InSecTT Logo and Industrial Domains