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Characterization of the role of netrin-1 in the regulation of the Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition during tumor progression.

Project description

Dissecting cancer hallmarks for treatment

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process whereby epithelial cells are transformed into mesenchymal cells, gaining the ability to detach from the original tissue and migrate to other sites. Apart from normal development, EMT is active in cancer driving tumour cell dissociation and metastasis, in addition to endowing cancer cells with stem cell properties and drug resistance. The EU-funded NetriCan project will investigate how an extracellular protein, known for its role in cell migration during development, regulates EMT in cancer cells. The project's results will substantiate the therapeutic potential of a strategy aiming at targeting this protein and help develop novel promising therapeutic approaches for patients with advanced solid tumours.

Objective

Recent data coming from both basic research and clinical trials converge toward the importance of the epithelial/mesenchymal status of a tumor to respond to conventional chemotherapies and immune-checkpoint inhibitors. These observations set the Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) program at the centre of cancer biology. Besides its multiple roles in development and during adulthood, EMT is activated during tumor progression not only to allow metastatic dissemination of cancer cells, which is responsible for the vast majority of patients’ death, but also to provide cells with stem-like properties and resistance mechanisms to survive chemotherapy. It is now widely accepted that future therapies will have to target and/or block the EMT process and allow conventional therapies to efficiently kill the differentiated, epithelial cells to treat patients with advanced solid tumors. NetriCan will analyse for the first time the implication of netrin-1 and its dependence receptor UNC5B in the regulation of EMT, either directly or via its cell death-related function. Moreover, the re-epithelialization effect of the anti-netrin-1 monoclonal antibody observed in tumors in vivo and in a preliminary cohort of patients shows that netrin-1/UNC5B may not only be involved in the direct regulation of maintenance of EMT but also serve as a survival mechanism for metastatic tumor cells. To achieve this, Netrican will first analyse how the upregulation of netrin-1 and UNC5B is regulated during EMT. It will then investigate the role of the netrin-1/UNC5B axis in the establishment and maintenance of the EMT program needed for cell dissemination and metastasis. Finally, this project will elucidate the therapeutic potential of the anti-netrin-1 strategy for both triggering primary tumor re-epithelialization and killing mesenchymal tumor cells. In summary, NetriCan will provide innovative findings to develop novel promising therapeutic approach for patients with advanced solid tumors.

Coordinator

UNIVERSITE LYON 1 CLAUDE BERNARD
Net EU contribution
€ 196 707,84
Address
BOULEVARD DU 11 NOVEMBRE 1918 NUM43
69622 Villeurbanne Cedex
France

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Region
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Rhône-Alpes Rhône
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Total cost
€ 196 707,84