Hydrogen generation from formic acid
The water–gas shift reaction describes the reaction of carbon monoxide (CO) and water (H2O) to form carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2). Formic acid (HCOOH) decomposition plays a central role in this reaction, acting as a molecular machine capable of shuttling molecules. The aim of the EU-funded COUPC1 project is to streamline the process to increase the amount of hydrogen produced through HCOOH decomposition. The success of this effort will hinge on channelling intermediates towards H2 and CO2 through the precise positioning of a function that forms HCOOH from CO and H2O reactants and another function that dehydrogenates gaseous HCOOH to H2 and CO2.
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