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Exploring lamin-lipid interactions and the loss of nuclear structural integrity as the molecular determinants of human aging

Project description

Unravelling ageing mechanisms

As life expectancy increases, unravelling the mechanisms of ageing is crucial for providing quality of life for people aged 65 and older. The loss of nuclear integrity and the related flaws in nuclear mechanics are typical characteristics of ageing. In mammalian cells, the structural capacities of the nucleus are supported by the nuclear lamina, mainly lamin A (LA) and its interaction with the nuclear envelope. The EU-funded LipLAge project will explore how the interaction between LA and the inner nuclear membrane lipids influences nuclear lamina architecture and nuclear structural integrity during natural ageing. The project will apply an integrated lipid-driven molecular biophysics approach to study of the nuclear envelope during healthy human ageing.

Objective

Aging is a major risk factor for many human pathologies. At a time when we are living longer than ever before, untangling the mechanisms of this biological deterioration is absolutely critical if we aim at providing a better quality of life for aging individuals. The loss of nuclear integrity, and the consequent defects in nuclear mechanics, is already among widely considered hallmarks of aging. In mammalian cells, the structural properties of the nucleus are maintained by the nuclear lamina (NL), especially lamin A (LA), and its interaction with the nuclear envelope (NE). In this innovative project, our working hypothesis is built upon the observation that progerin – truncated form of LA prevalent in premature aging – is abnormally associated with the inner nuclear membrane (INM) and the LA, due to its permanent farnesylation. Moreover, progerin levels were also shown to increase in healthy aged individuals, suggesting that LA and progerin differences in membrane association might be intimately involved in healthy human aging. Hence, the main goal of this project is to understand how the interplay between LA (at different proteolytic stages) and INM lipids affects NL architecture and nuclear structural integrity during physiological aging. To address this question, we will tackle lamin-lipid interactions (and lamin polymerization) in membrane models mimicking the NE during healthy and premature aging, and in intact nuclei, using a set of quantitative techniques, including fluorescence-based methods, atomic force microscopy and lipidomics. Overall, this is the first time a comprehensive lipid-driven molecular biophysics approach will be applied to the NE during healthy human aging. By achieving the proposed objectives, we will provide new knowledge on the role of INM lipids in proper nuclear function and aging.

Coordinator

INSTITUTO DE MEDICINA MOLECULAR JOAO LOBO ANTUNES
Net EU contribution
€ 147 815,04
Address
Avenida prof egas moniz
1649 028 Lisboa
Portugal

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Region
Continente Área Metropolitana de Lisboa Área Metropolitana de Lisboa
Activity type
Research Organisations
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00