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REconstruction of cliMAte and hidden biodiversity in lakes: development of INnovative paleoaproacheS

Descripción del proyecto

Estudio de las respuestas pasadas de los lagos a la pérdida de biodiversidad

El aumento de la temperatura afecta a la biodiversidad de los ecosistemas de alta montaña y, sobre todo, a los lagos alpinos. El análisis de registros sedimentarios pone de manifiesto cómo respondieron las especies en el pasado a cambios climáticos, y proporciona un modelo que mejora nuestra capacidad para gestionar dichos ecosistemas. El análisis de subfósiles de cladóceros constituye uno de los paleoindicadores habituales, pero se basa en cálculos morfológicos clásicos. Con todo, las mejoras recientes en espectrometría de masas y biología molecular favorecen el desarrollo de métodos innovadores. El proyecto financiado con fondos europeos REMAINS mejorará el uso de la quitina de cladóceros como paleotermómetro y desarrollará una metodología patrón para emplear su ADN extraído de sedimentos. El proyecto se centrará en las montañas de Sierra Nevada con el objetivo de aumentar nuestro conocimiento y capacidad para comprender cambios pasados.

Objetivo

Increase of temperature and biodiversity loss are major threats in the early warning systems of the planet, the high-altitude ecosystems. The analysis of sediment records provides evidence on past response of species to climatic changes, offering a unique framework to anticipate/expand our ability to manage these ecosystems. Among the commonly used paleoindicators, the analysis of cladoceran subfossils has relied on classical morphological counting. However, recent advances in mass-spectrometry, which now need much lower sample sizes, and in molecular biology, with the use of sedimentary DNA, offer unprecedented opportunities to develop innovative approaches based on these REMAINS. The main goal of this project is to provide new advances to i) use cladoceran chitin as a paleothermometer and ii) establish a standard methodology to use their DNA in sediments. The intellectual merits of this proposal are threefold. First, it will use cutting-edge technology to measure subfossil chitin in lab assays, in situ calibration and validation phases. Second, it will address a new biological group not previously studied in ancient DNA. Last, by establishing new analytical methods for a very common component of lake sediments, the project will open up a new field in Paleolimnology and highlight how much hitherto untapped information is stored in paleorecords. The research approach will involve (i) the quantification of contribution of water-diet to H and O isotopes in chitin (ii) the field calibration between isotopic composition of chitin and temperature (iii) the paleothermometer validation in the sediment (iv) the establishment of a library of cladocerans by a genome skimming and (v) the development of a specific assay to identify them in sedimentary DNA. Framed in the “Environment & Climate Action” area from HORIZON 2020, the project addresses gaps in the knowledge needed to understand past changes and to protect natural resources, illustrated here by Sierra Nevada Mountains

Coordinador

UNIVERSIDAD DE GRANADA
Aportación neta de la UEn
€ 172 932,48
Dirección
CUESTA DEL HOSPICIO SN
18071 Granada
España

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Región
Sur Andalucía Granada
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Enlaces
Coste total
€ 172 932,48