Skip to main content

Proto-Opto-Electro-Mechanical Hybrid Systems for Generation-Next Bionic Devices

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - PROGENY (Proto-Opto-Electro-Mechanical Hybrid Systems for Generation-Next Bionic Devices)

Reporting period: 2021-01-01 to 2021-12-31

Today, due to the changes in our lifestyle and common use of new technologies, a massive proliferation of electronic devices is observed. However, this new, unprecedented phenomenon poses environmental hazards created by the ever-growing amount of toxic electronic waste. The electronics industry must urgently introduce sustainable, environmentally friendly solutions. To that end, the EU-funded PROGENY project aims to design advanced, functional protonic materials to be used in revolutionary biomimetic devices and sensors branded as proto-opto-electro-mechanical systems (POEMS). The novelty design exploits natural, efficient and intrinsically sustainable bio mimetic systems, bringing a fundamental breakthrough in device and sensor innovation. In the TRL 3 phase, PROGENY will deliver and demonstrate the first bionic device that can host living cells.
The work carried out in the first reporting period towards the achievement of the specific objectives is summarized below:
(1) MATERIALS: Synthesis of 1D and 2D electronic surfactants capable of providing both stability and advanced opto-electronic functions on soap film surfaces. Characterize and model developed set of surfactants using standard and custom experiments and theoretical tools, for surface activity, optical, electronic, and optoelectronic properties.
CNRS: First batch of electronic surfactants have been synthesized and characterized and optimization is work in progress.
TUD: 2-D surfactant synthesis scheme as planned in project has been challenging. A modified plan has been undertaken. All work is reported.
UBREM: Theoretical characterizations of the surfactants (UBREM): For 1D surfactants, the molecular models have been constructed for two molecular wires (MWs), i.e. MW1 and MW2. The photo-induced excitation energy relaxation in the MW1 and MW2 monomers have been investigated using the NEXMD package. The effects of hydrophilic and hydrophobic side chains on the excited states of the MW1 have been studied with DFT and TD-DFT calculations in perspective of the optimized molecular geometries and excited state energies of various MW1 variants with side chains of different lengths. The force field parameters and charges for MW1 have been determined with the knowledge of available literature data. These parameters were then tested in performing ground state molecular dynamics (MD) simulations for MW1 molecules on the surface of a water box. For 2D surfactants, the workflow for further non-adiabatic molecular dynamics (NAMD) has been tested using the Libra package for the ZnPc molecule, which is the building unit of the initially proposed 2D surfactant.
(2) FILM: Enable research in engineered stable soap films, by design and fabrication of custom R&D platforms. Stabilize a <5mm diameter soap film for >30days within a platform device. Characterize engineered soap films, for rheology and transport using experiments supported by theoretical interpretations.
CNRS: Standard characterization for film stability with first batch of synthesized molecules are complete. Optimized molecules characterization is work in progress.
TUD-IAPP: Three versions of R&D platforms have been designed and fabricated by TUD-IAPP [see (3) below]. A microfluidic pump has been provided by UCHAL to TUD-IAPP. The experiments to stabilize a soap film for > 30 days will begin in January 2022.
(3) DEVICE: Design, fabrication and characterization of demonstrator devices.
TUD-IAPP: Three R&D platform designs have been fabricated and successfully tested (see Task 4.1).
UCHAL: innovative microfluidic chips for controlling and doping soap films and have been designed, fabricated and tested.
(4) PILOT: Eco-toxicological study of new materials and Engineering optimization with LCA of demonstrator devices for providing estimates of potential design improvements, new technological applications, and socio-environmental compatibility.
ECOIND: Ecotoxicology for first batch of materials has been successfully conducted.
ULEI: Foundation has been created for ex-ante LCA.
1. New surfactant class electronic molecules have been syntheized, characterized, and modelling is ongoing.
2. New R&D platform including associated microfluidic devices for testing, controlling the designed soap film characteristics and for their doping has been fabricated.
3. Brainstorming on new device designs based on RP1 knowledge has been documented and reported as deliverable.
Progeny Logo