Skip to main content
European Commission logo print header

k-space Neural computation with magnEtic exciTations

Project description

Implementing brain-inspired computing in the reciprocal space of a single magnetic element

Artificial neural networks are computing systems inspired by biological neural networks. They emulate the brain by using nonlinear elements that act as neurons interconnected through artificial synapses. Current architectures are facing challenges: the number of synapses implemented is very limited compared with the tens of thousands in the human brain. Furthermore, changing the weight of each connection requires additional memory elements. The EU-funded k-NET project will circumvent these issues. It proposes new architecture based on the idea that dynamical hyperconnectivity can be implemented not in real space but in reciprocal or k-space. To demonstrate this novel approach, researchers will select ferromagnetic nanostructures in which the populations of spin waves – the elementary excitations – play the role of neurons.

Objective

Artificial neural networks represent a key component of neuro-inspired computing for non-Boolean computational tasks. They emulate the brain by using nonlinear elements acting as neurons that are interconnected through artificial synapses. However, such physical implementations face two major challenges. First, interconnectivity is often constrained because of limits in lithography techniques and circuit architecture design; connections are limited to 100s, compared with 10000s in the human brain. Second, changing the weight of these individual interconnects dynamically requires additional memory elements attached to these links.

Here, we propose an innovative architecture to circumvent these issues. It is based on the idea that dynamical hyperconnectivity can be implemented not in real space but in reciprocal or k-space. To demonstrate this novel approach we have selected ferromagnetic nanostructures in which populations of spin waves – the elementary excitations – play the role of neurons. The key feature of magnetization dynamics is its strong nonlinearity, which, when coupled with external stimuli like applied fields and currents, translates into two useful features: (i) nonlinear interactions through exchange and dipole-dipole interactions couple potentially all spin wave modes together, thereby creating high connectivity; (ii) the strength of the coupling depends on the population of each k mode, thereby allowing for synaptic weights to be modified dynamically. The breakthrough concept here is that real-space interconnections are not necessary to achieve hyper-connectivity or reconfigurable synaptic weights.
The final goal is to provide a proof-of-concept of a k-space neural network based on interacting spin waves in low-loss materials such as yttrium iron garnet (YIG). The relevant spin wave eigenmodes are in the GHz range and can be accessed by microwave fields and spin-orbit torques to achieve k-space Neural computation with magnEtic exciTations.

Call for proposal

H2020-FETOPEN-2018-2020

See other projects for this call

Sub call

H2020-FETOPEN-2018-2019-2020-01

Coordinator

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Net EU contribution
€ 939 687,50
Address
RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
75794 Paris
France

See on map

Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Links
Total cost
€ 1 049 862,50

Participants (7)