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Long-Term Joint EU-AU Research and Innovation Partnership on Renewable Energy

Deliverables

Theory of Change, M&E Approach and MEL Plan

The report will contain the TCIP for the project as well as a methodological approach for the longterm collaboration including the ME Approach with the data collection process and the ME Learning Plan

Presentation of a more detailed Plan of Activities for the whole WP10

This deliverable will represent an updated Gantt chart coherent with the scheduling of the overall approved project and the kick off foreseen for the beginning of 2021

Terms of reference of the Scientific Advisory Board

Scientific Advisory Board ToR

Presentation of a more detailed Plan of Activities for the whole WP 14

This deliverable will represent an updated Gannt chart coherent with the scheduling of the overall approved project and the kick off foreseen for the beginning of 2021

Report about the outcome on scientific collaboration including Sociology and organization analysis

In this report the WP leader will analyze the consortium from a SWOT analysis perspective and the highlighted elements will be useful for the valorization of the LEAPRE experience into WP5 and WP6

Report on the analysis about R&I capacities in Africa

The report will be informed by the partnerships in pillar 1 2 in order to will capture the mapping of African RI capacities and will complement the benchmarking and illustration of African potentialities

Joint EU-AU report on agreed project vision

main deliverable of task 121The report presents the agreed project vision between all WP partners in terms of the integrate modelling business model research and capacity building pillars It discusses the context defined the core questions to be addressed and the type of solutions inquired

Presentation of a more detailed Plan of Activities for the whole WP9

This deliverable will represent an updated Gantt chart coherent with the scheduling of the overall approved project and the kick off foreseen for the beginning of 2021

List of LEAP-RE Dissemination Activities

Report collecting and shortly describing the dissemination activities undertaken in Pillar 1 Pillar 2 projects

Presentation of a more detailed Plan of Activities for the whole WP 12

This deliverable will represent an updated Gannt chart coherent with the scheduling of the overall approved project and the kick off foreseen for the beginning of 2021

Replication board feedback as deliverable of task 15.6

Based on the experience gained in the pilots partners will investigate potential synergies with other relevant stakeholders in Africa To cater to this relevant distribution system operators DSOs will be invited to monitor the progress of the project and assess the possibilities for further adoption of demonstrated technologies

Guidelines for communication, dissemination, scientific publication and exploitation in Pillar 2

This deliverable is the first for Task 31 and will describe the common procedure and protocol for Pillar 2 WPs that will be the output of a codesign process between the coCoordinators and the leaders of WP9WP16 Particular attention will be given to the scientific publication strategy

Assessment of the first co-fund call and decision on the second co-fund call

Report on the first call overall result coverage of thematics number of projects budget spent in order to decide if a second call is necessary

Pillar 1 Detailed work plan

Work plan detailing the Pillar 1 whole activities to be implemented

Terms of reference of the Ethical Advisory Board

Ethical Advisory Board ToR

Electronic submission tool

Description of the electronic tool used for the submission of projects

Presentation of a more detailed Plan of Activities for the whole WP11

This deliverable will represent an updated Gannt chart coherent with the scheduling of the overall approved project and the kick off foreseen for the beginning of 2021

Ranking list from the full proposal evaluation of first co-funded call

List of the full proposal second phase projects submitted to the first call ranked by international experts

Presentation of a more detailed Plan of Activities for the whole WP 15

This deliverable will represent an updated Gannt chart coherent with the scheduling of the overall approved project and the kick off foreseen for the beginning of 2021 M2 INEA

Ranking list from the pre-proposal evaluation of first co-funded call

Ranked list of submitted projects at the preproposal phase of the first call

Gender Action Plan

Action plan to include a gender dimension in the project

Report on background analysis for pilot villages as deliverable of task 14.2

This will be the incipit report of Task 142In this report the task leader will analyze and collate the available information from the pilot villages including available renewable energy sources population stakeholders and their views energy utilization etc including energy balances consumption by category ie electricity heating transport other and RES potential by category ie bioenergy wood based solar wind etc possibilities to obtain selfsufficiency or to what extent of selfsufficiency the balance enables stakeholder groups and their commitment

Strategic approach to LEAP-RE Community management

A document formulating the methodological and operative approach for building engaging animating and retaining the LEAPRE community including the virtual aspects It will identify methods mediums and activities to be undertaken

Call text

Text of the call to be launched agreed by funding agencies

Presentation of a more detailed Plan of Activities for the whole WP 16

This deliverable will represent an updated Gantt chart coherent with the scheduling of the overall approved project and the kick off foreseen for the beginning of 2021

Production of a feasibility study as deliverable of task 16.2

this deliverable will collect and analyse detailed energy needs typical load curves creation by users and socioeconomic data capacity to pay electricity of targeted communities

Online collaborative platform

online collaborative web-based tool to exchange project document, monitor the project workflow, send communication

Presentation of a more detailed Plan of Activities for the whole WP 13

This deliverable will represent an updated Gannt chart coherent with the scheduling of the overall approved project and the kick off foreseen for the beginning of 202

Measure undertaken in WP9-WP16 to control health or environment issues potentially caused by the researches

This is the second deliverable for Task 31 since some of the project deals with dangerous materials and each WP under Pillar 2 must demonstrate that appropriate health and safety procedures conforming to relevant localnational guidelineslegislation will be followed for the staff involved in this project

Knowledge sharing and clustering strategy

A document formulating the methodological basis for undertaking clustering and knowledge sharing in LEAPRE including potential areas of knowledge sharing clustering community members involved and expected outcomes A strategy for engaging and activating community members in these activities will be outlined as well as a plan for implementation

Joint selection list and report of the projects to be funded of first co-funded call

List of selected projects after the selection process of the first call and synthetic report on the call

Call documents

All documents complementing the Call text (administrative, regulatory…)

Accurate map of digital technologies components and systems for mini grids at technical system and operational levels dedicated to African needs

This deliverable will report the results of the assessment and analysis of digital technologies for minigrids at technical and operational system levels This will be the incipit report of Task 132

LEOPARD prototypes validation

deliverable of task 163installation and operation of the containers on both sites

LEAP-RE Website

A public website for the LEAP-RE project.

Data Management Plan

The report will adress issues of data generation collection storage and access The DMP will meet international benchmarks and be auditable whils adhering to FAIR principles The report will include compliance with General Data Protection Regulation GDPR and oversight for funded projects

Publications

Social Aspects and Dynamics in Geothermal Development Along the East African Rift: The case of the GV1 Project in Djibouti

Author(s): Onyango S., Varet, J. Nasteho, H.D.
Published in: Proceedings, 9th African Rift Geothermal Conference, Djibouti,, Issue 3rd 5th Nov. 2022, 2022, Page(s) 11
Publisher: argeo

Modelling Financing Schemes for Energy System Planning: A Mini-Grid Case Study

Author(s): Giacomo Crevani; Castro Antonio Soares; Emanuela Colombo
Published in: ECOS 2023, 2023
Publisher: Curran Associates Inc.
DOI: 10.52202/069564-0178

Cultural uses and values placed on geothermal resources by Kenya’s Luo of Homa Hills: Views from a socio-anthropological perspective.

Author(s): Onyango, S.
Published in: Proceedings, 9th African Rift Geothermal Conference, Djibouti, 3rd 5th Nov. 2022,, Issue 3rd 5th Nov. 2022, 2022, Page(s) 9
Publisher: argeo

Analysis of Private Mini-Grid Development for Rural Rwanda

Author(s): L. T. Fillol, S. Honkapuro, S. Annala, A. Pinomaa, H. Dibaba
Published in: IEEE PES/IAS PowerAfrica, 2022
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/powerafrica53997.2022.9905374

Exploitation assessment of geothermal energy from AfricanGreat Rift Valley

Author(s): N. Bonechi, D. Fiaschi, G. Manfrida, L. Talluri, C. Zuffi
Published in: 76th Italian National Congress ATI, 2021
Publisher: EDP Sciences
DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/202131208008

African Geothermal Play Types; Typology for Identification ; Development Approach. 17p.

Author(s): Varet, J.
Published in: Proceedings, 9th African Rift Geothermal Conference, Djibouti,, Issue 3rd 5th Nov. 2022,, 2022, Page(s) 17
Publisher: Argeo

The Geothermal Village Project (GV1) Supported by the LEAP-RE Research Programme Launched by the EU in Partnership with the AU.

Author(s): Varet, J., Y. Géraud, P. Tarits, A. Sciullo, M. Contini, I. Nardini, W.H. Wheeler, S. Onyango, U. Rutagarama, B. Atnafu, J. Onjala, K. Moussa, P. Omenda, I. A. Gardo, Z. Change
Published in: Proceedings, 8 th African Rift Geothermal Conference Nairobi, Kenya, Issue 2-8 november 2020, 2020, Page(s) 11
Publisher: Argeo

Surface Study of a Shallow Geothermal Resource Site for Homa Hills Geothermal Village Project. ,

Author(s): Omenda, P., Varet, J., Pik, R., Tarits, P., Hautot, S., Marty, B., Diraison, M. & Walter, B.
Published in: Proceedings, 9th African Rift Geothermal Conference, Djibouti,, Issue 3rd 5th Nov. 2022, 2022, Page(s) 9
Publisher: Argeo

PROJETO LEAP-RE/PURAMS - FOGÕES SOLARES AUTÓNOMOS PARA ÁREASRURAIS

Author(s): Couto A., Cardoso J.P., Costa P.A., Facão J., Loureiro D., Rodrigues C., Wambugo A., Banda S., Simões T.
Published in: Libro de actas del XVIII Congreso Ibérico y XIV Congreso Iberoamericano de Energía Solar, Issue Event 2022 - bi-annual, 2022, Page(s) 453-456
Publisher: CIEES

Energia sostenibile in Africa, esempi di R&I dell’Unione Europea

Author(s): Nicolò Stevanato,Riccardo Mereu, Silvia Corigliano, Marco Merlo, Emanuela Colombo
Published in: 2021
Publisher: Associazione Italiana di Elettrotecnica, Elettronica, Automazione, Informatica e Telecomunicazioni - AEIT

Microgrid design optimization in Benin within the LEOPARD project: evaluating the impact of inaccurate load profile estimation

Author(s): S. Sanfilippo, et al.
Published in: 2023 3rd International Conference on Electrical, Computer, Communications and Mechatronics Engineering (ICECCME), 2023
Publisher: IEEE Access
DOI: 10.1109/iceccme57830.2023.10252234

FOSTERING TRANSNATIONAL RESEARCH, INNOVATION AND EDUCATION THROUGH AN INTERNATIONAL EUROPE AND AFRICA COLLABORATION PROJECT

Author(s): I. Mocanu, O. Cramariuc, K. Bierwirth, H. Lebik, B. Kodom, M. Mecklin
Published in: Proceedings of ICERI 2022, 2022, ISBN 978-84-09-45476-1
Publisher: ICERI2022

Surface study of a shallow geothermal site for Abhé Geothermal Village Project (Djibouti).

Author(s): Géraud Y., Aden M.A., Amman J., Chibati N., Cardoso C., Diraison, M., Favier A., Hassan, M., Hautot S., Marty B., Moussa K. A. , Pik R., Piolat L., Tarits P., Varet J., Walter B.
Published in: Proceedings, 9th African Rift Geothermal Conference, Djibouti, Issue 3rd 5th Nov. 2022, 2022, Page(s) 11
Publisher: Argeo

Auxiliary chemical geothermometers applied to waters from some East African Rift geothermal areas (Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya) for geothermal exploration

Author(s): B. Sanjuan
Published in: ARGeo Conference Papers, Issue ARGeo C9, 2023
Publisher: ARGeo

3D forward temperature modelling of the lithosphere in SW Tanzania – Implications for geothermal resources exploration

Author(s): Mtabazi, Beekman, De Bresser, Van Wees, Boniface
Published in: ARGeo Conference Papers, Issue ARGeo C9, 2023
Publisher: ARGeo

A Geothermal Civilization in the Afar Region: Era Boru (Teru woreda, Ethiopia)

Author(s): Gardo I.A., Varet, J.
Published in: Proceedings, 8th African Rift Geothermal Conference Nairobi, Issue 2 – 8 November 2020, 2020, Page(s) 14
Publisher: ARGeo

Developing geothermal energy at local level in Africa: “Geothermal Village” R&D project: European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers Conference Proceedings,, Dec 2020, Volume 2020, p.1 – 5

Author(s): Varet, J.
Published in: First EAGE Workshop on Geothermal Energy and Hydro Power in Africa, Issue dec 2020, 2020, Page(s) 5
Publisher: EAGE
DOI: 10.3997/2214-4609.2020625004

An assessment of the diffusion of Private Mini-Grids operating in rural Kenya

Author(s): L. T. Fillol, S. Honkapuro, S. Annala, A. Pinomaa, H. Dibaba
Published in: 18th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM), 2022
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/eem54602.2022.9921030

2D and 3D lithosphere model of the SW Tanzania rift system, from geological and gravity data

Author(s): Mtabazi, De Bresser, Beekman, Van Wees, Boniface
Published in: TGS Book of Abstracts, Issue 2021 Annual Conference, 2021
Publisher: TGS

Investigation of power generation using thermoelectric generators for smart window applications

Author(s): Ndakidzilo Nthoiwa; Einax Mario
Published in: 2022
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/iceccme55909.2022.9988213

Solar irrigation in sub-Saharan Africa: economic feasibility and development potential

Author(s): Giacomo Falchetta; Francesco Semeria; Marta Tuninetti; Vittorio Giordano; Shonali Pachauri; Edward Byers
Published in: Crossref, Issue 25, 2023, ISSN 1748-9326
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/acefe5

Design models for small run-of-river hydropower plants: a review

Author(s): David Tsuanyo; Boris Amougou; Abdoul Aziz; Bernadette Nka Nnomo; Davide Fioriti; Joseph Kenfack
Published in: Sustainable Energy Research, Issue 4, 2023, ISSN 2731-9237
Publisher: Springer
DOI: 10.1186/s40807-023-00072-1

Energy access investment, agricultural profitability, and rural development: time for an integrated approach

Author(s): Giacomo Falchetta
Published in: Environmental Research: Infrastructure and Sustainability, 2021, ISSN 2634-4505
Publisher: Bristol IOP Publishing
DOI: 10.1088/2634-4505/ac3017

Multiple design options for sizing off-grid microgrids: A novel single-objective approach to support multi-criteria decision making

Author(s): Fioriti Davide, Poli, Duenas-Martinez, Micangeli
Published in: Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks, Issue 30, 2022, ISSN 2352-4677
Publisher: Elsevier Limited
DOI: 10.1016/j.segan.2022.100644

Solar Resource and Energy Demand for Autonomous Solar Cooking Photovoltaic Systems in Kenya and Rwanda

Author(s): João P. Cardoso; António Couto; Paula A. Costa; Carlos Rodrigues; Jorge Facão; David Loureiro; Anne Wambugu; Sandra Banda; Izael Da Silva; Teresa Simões
Published in: Crossref, Issue 19, 2023, ISSN 2673-9941
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/solar3030027

The M-LED platform: advancing electricity demand assessment for communities living in energy poverty

Author(s): Giacomo Falchetta; Giacomo Falchetta; Nicolò Stevanato; Nicolò Stevanato; Magda Moner-Girona; Davide Mazzoni; Emanuela Colombo; Manfred Hafner; Manfred Hafner
Published in: Environmental Research Letters, Issue 16, 2021, ISSN 1748-9326
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ac0cab

Metal nitrides as efficient electrode material for supercapacitors: A review

Author(s): Ravikant Adalati; Meenakshi Sharma; Siddharth Sharma; Ashwani Kumar; Gaurav Malik; Rabah Boukherroub; Ramesh Chandra
Published in: Journal of Energy Storage, Issue 20, 2022, ISSN 2352-1538
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.est.2022.105912

Standalone Solutions for Clean and Sustainable Water Access in Africa Through Smart UV/LED Disinfection, Solar Energy Utilization, and Wireless Positioning Support

Author(s): Elena Simona Lohan; Kathrin Bierwirth; Tomkouani Kodom; Mihai Ganciu; Hafida Lebik; Rafik Elhadi; Oana Cramariuc; Irina Mocanu
Published in: IEEE Access, Issue 25, 2023, ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
DOI: 10.1109/access.2023.3300206

A renewable energy-centred research agenda for planning and financing Nexus development objectives in rural sub-Saharan Africa

Author(s): Giacomo Falchetta; Adedoyin Adeleke; Mohammed Awais; Edward Byers; Philippe Copinschi; Sam Duby; Alison Hughes; Gregory Ireland; Keywan Riahi; Simon Rukera-Tabaro; Francesco Semeria; Diana Shendrikova; Nicolò Stevanato; André Troost; Marta Tuninetti; Adriano Vinca; Ackim Zulu; Manfred Hafner
Published in: Energy Strategy Reviews, Issue 43, 2022, ISSN 2211-467X
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.esr.2022.100922

Assessment of environmental sustainability of nickel required for mobility transition

Author(s): Saeed Rahimpour Golroudbary, Andrzej Kraslawski, Benjamin P. Wilson, Mari Lundström
Published in: Frontiers in Chemical Engineering, Issue 4, 2022, ISSN 2673-2718
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
DOI: 10.3389/fceng.2022.978842

Selected I-III-VI2 Semiconductors: Synthesis, Properties and Applications in Photovoltaic Cells

Author(s): Shubham Shishodia; Bilel Chouchene; Thomas Gries; Raphaël Schneider
Published in: Nanomoaterials, Issue 3, 2023, ISSN 2079-4991
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/nano13212889

The Congo Basin: Stratigraphy and subsurface structure defined by regional seismic reflection, refraction and well data

Author(s): Damien Delvaux, Francesca Maddaloni, Magdala Tesauro, Carla Braitenberg
Published in: Global and Planetary Change, Issue 198, 2021, ISSN 0921-8181
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2020.103407

Development of a DC Microgrid with Decentralized Production and Storage: From the Lab to Field Deployment in Rural Africa

Author(s): Lucas Richard; Cédric Boudinet; Sanda A. Ranaivoson; Jean Origio Rabarivao; Archille Elia Befeno; David Frey; Marie-Cécile Alvarez-Hérault; Bertrand Raison; Nicolas Saincy
Published in: Energies, Issue 2022, 2022, Page(s) 15, 6727, ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/en15186727

Constant Power Load Stabilization in DC Microgrids Using Continuous-Time Model Predictive Control

Author(s): Youssef Alidrissi; Radouane Ouladsine; Abdellatif Elmouatamid; Rachid Errouissi; Mohamed Bakhouya
Published in: Electronics; Volume 11; Issue 9; Pages: 1481, Issue 10, 2022, ISSN 2079-9292
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/electronics11091481

Planning third generation minigrids: Multi-objective optimization and brownfield investment approaches in modelling village-scale on-grid and off-grid energy systems

Author(s): Nicolò Stevanato; Gianluca Pellecchia; Ivan Sangiorgio; Diana Shendrikova; Castro Antonio Soares; Riccardo Mereu; Emanuela Colombo
Published in: Crossref, Issue 2, 2023, ISSN 2667-095X
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.rset.2023.100053

LCOE-Based Optimization for the Design of Small Run-of-River Hydropower Plants

Author(s): Claude Boris Amougou; David Tsuanyo; Davide Fioriti; Joseph Kenfack; Abdoul Aziz; Patrice Elé Abiama
Published in: Energies, Issue 15, 2022, ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/en15207507

Wide-Temperature-Range Flexible Micro-Supercapacitors Using Liquid Crystal Gel Electrolyte

Author(s): Min Li; Chen Jia; Yurdanur Türker; Mert Umut Özkaynak; Libo Zhao; Danyu Zhang; Yunyun Luo; Guoxi Luo; Lu Wang; Yong Xia; Zhikang Li; Nan Zhu; Ping Yang; Koray Bahadır Dönmez; Rabah Boukherroub; Zhuangde Jiang
Published in: ACS Applied Energy Materials, Issue 28, 2023, ISSN 2574-0962
Publisher: ACS Publications
DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.3c00144

Sensitivity of oil shale particle surface to the applied load in ball mill

Author(s): N. Khairy, I. Abu El-Magd, S.E. El-Mofty, A.A. El-Midany
Published in: International Journal of Coal Preparation and Utilization, Issue 42, 2021, ISSN 1939-2702
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
DOI: 10.1080/19392699.2021.1946801

Enabling factors for the development of mini-grid solutions in Mozambique: A PESTLE-based analysis

Author(s): Castro Antonio Soares, Diana Shendrikova, Giacomo Crevani, Berino Silinto, Emanuela Colombo
Published in: Energy Strategy Reviews, Issue 45, 2023, ISSN 2211-467X
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.esr.2022.101040

Influence of Weibull parameters on the estimation of wind energy potential

Author(s): Abdoul Aziz; David Tsuanyo; Jl Nsouandele; Inouss Mamate; Ruben Mouangue; Patrice Elé Abiama
Published in: Crossref, Issue 1, 2023, ISSN 2731-9237
Publisher: Springer Nature
DOI: 10.1186/s40807-023-00075-y

Data Platform Guidelines and Prototype for Microgrids and Energy Access: Matching Demand Profiles and Socio-Economic Data to Foster Project Development

Author(s): Davide Fioriti; Nicoló Stevanato; Pietro Ducange; Francesco Marcelloni; Emanuela Colombo; Davide Poli
Published in: Crossref, Issue 18, 2023, ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
DOI: 10.1109/access.2023.3294841

Multi-Resolution Segmentation of Solar Photovoltaic Systems Using Deep Learning

Author(s): Maximilian Kleebauer, Christopher Marz,Christoph Reudenbach, Martin Braun
Published in: MDPI remote sensing, 2023, ISSN 2072-4292
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/rs15245687

The Congo Basin: subsurface structure interpreted using potential field data and constrained by seismic data

Author(s): Maddaloni, Braitenberg, Kaban, Tesauro, Delvaux
Published in: Global and Planetary Change, Issue 205, 2020, ISSN 0921-8181
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2021.103611

Towards Smarter Positioning through Analyzing Raw GNSS and Multi-Sensor Data from Android Devices: A Dataset and an Open-Source Application

Author(s): Grenier, Antoine; Lohan, Elena Simona; Ometov, Aleksandr; Nurmi, Jari
Published in: Electronics, Issue 32, 2023, ISSN 2079-9292
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/electronics12234781

Technical Guidebook for Direct-Use Geothermal Development in Africa.

Author(s): Varet, J.
Published in: 2022, Page(s) 140
Publisher: UNEP-ArGeo editors

DATASET: Trans-African Regional Geo-data for the Energy Transition (TARGET) model

Author(s): Jones
Published in: 2022
Publisher: NERC EDS National Geoscience Data Centre
DOI: 10.5285/e9ca452b-5cca-4953-b5a4-397c4d622ea5

Technological considerations in establishing direct use projects: The Geothermal Village concept

Author(s): Varet, J.
Published in: Pre-Conference Short Course, 9th African Rift Geothermal Conference, Djibouti,, Issue 1st November – 2nd November 2022, 2022, Page(s) 10
Publisher: Argeo

A summary of the East Africa Rift Temperature and Heat flow Model (EARTH)

Author(s): Jones
Published in: British Geological Survey Open Report, Issue OR/20/006, 2020
Publisher: British Geological Survey

Demand-side Flexibility to Address Household Energy Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Burkina Faso and Madagascar

Author(s): Marine Cornelis, Edmond VII Mballa Elanga, Luc Richaud
Published in: Living with Energy PovertyPerspectives from the Global North and South, 2023, ISBN 9781032528199
Publisher: Routledge T&F Group

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