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THE USE OF ENZYMES IN THE PROCESSING OF NEW OILSEEDS TO INDUSTRIAL RAW MATERIALS

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The project examines the effectiveness and conditions of use for the application of enzymes in the recovery of vegetable oils and fats from new and conventional oilseeds without the need to use solvents. The project deals with new oilseeds which include those containing fatty acids of unusual composition suited for use in oleo chemistry. The oilseeds under investigation are from plants which have been cultivated rather erratically in the past, or from novel crops, cultivation of which is just beginning. The extraction and crushing methods used for rape and sunflower were found to be unsuitable for Calendula. The enzymes used were chosen because of their beneficial effects on processing with rape seed. The processing of the enzyme treated milled and whole Calendula seed indicates that the results from rape seed are not repeatable with all types of oil seeds. Further investigations with the use of enzymic and conventional processes will be carried out with flaked Calendula.

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