The main principles of the compact reformer are the rapid heat exchange by using thermally conductive substrates, low emissions because of the application of catalytic combustion and rapid heating by means of induction heating.
These principles are also applicable for other chemical processes.
The quantitative target regarding the emission level is achieved. The volume target is virtually achieved. The costs are below the price of state of the art reformers although the target value is not achieved. However, by further development of the catalyst system, it is confidently predicted that this target too will be achievable.
The research, design and test a novel steam reformer for fuel cell power plant and other applications with the following is to be undertaken with the following innovative characteristics:
1. Ultra low NOx production by utilizing catalytic combustion.
2. Ability to reach high electric conversion efficencies.
3. Compact construction making the reactor attractive for small and intermediate applications.
4. Improved dynamic behaviour by applying induction heating.
The reformer catalyst activity will also be improved. The work will have the following basic steps:
- identifying the reactor design parameters and their relevant ranges.
- researching the combustion, reformer and induction heating aspects and identifying new formulations for catalysts, coatings and supports.
- testing the catalyst and induction heating performance in a reactor.
- describing the dynamic behaviour in a simulation model for optimization.
- designing, constructing and testing an integrated reformer.
- assessing the balance of plant.
NOx emissions will be < 1ppmv, the volume will be < 25% and the start-up time < 1/6 of conventional reformers.
Total electrical efficiency will be >50%.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
OX11 0RA Didcot
2516 BA The Hague
NG11 0EE Nottingham
CH1 6ES Chester