Current methods of footwear manufacturing rely on a combination of operative's skill and machine assistance. Many operations are short cycle and repetitive, they have the potential to cause long term injury due to their repetitive nature. This project proposes to carry out a review of the most widely performed operations to establish their degree of risk to the operative's health. An inevitable secondary result will be to identify the potential for improvements in overall efficiency by applying ergonomic principles. The benefits of a successful conclusion will be universally applicable, not only to the Prime Proposer but to all footwear manufacturers, machinery suppliers and training organisations. It is envisaged that these benefits will include. - Guidelines on working practices. - Improved machine design and workplace layout. - Recommended training procedures. - Improved operative/machine utilisation.