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ENVIRONMENT - OPTIMAL CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING EMISSIONS FROM ENERGY PRODUCTION AND ENERGY USE ON A EUROPEAN LEVEL.

Objective

AS A RESULT OF THE RAPID INCREASE IN FOREST DAMAGES IN MID-EUROPE,THE NEED FOR THE REDUCTION OF AIR POLLUTIONS FROM ENERGY CONVERSION AND ENERGY-END-USE TECHNOLOGIES BECAME AN IMPORTANT POLITICAL OBJECTIVE.

AIR POLLUTIONS ARE DISTRIBUTED OVER LARGE DISTANCES PARTLY OVER SEVERAL THOUSAND KILOMETRES CROSSING SEVERAL BORDERS.ALL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES ARE BURDENED BY THE TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTIONS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES.THIS EXPLAINS THE REASON WHY ANY MEASURES TO REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES CAN ONLY BE EFFECTIVE IN AN INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT.

DUE TO THE COMPLEXITY OF THE ENERGY SYSTEM, ITS NUMEROUS INTERRELATIONS AND THE LARGE NUMBER OF TECHNOLOGIES AND MEASUREMENTS,WHICH IN PRINCIPLE,ARE AVAILABLE TO REDUCE THE AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS,THE ANALYSIS AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF EFFICIENT EMISSIONS REDUCTION STRATEGIES REQUIRE AN ADEQUATE METHODOLOGICAL INSTRUMENT.THE EXTENSION OF THE EXISTING EFOM 12C MODEL THAT DESCRIBES THE ENERGY SYSTEMS AT THE DIFFERENT EC COUNTRIES IN A VERY DETAILED FORM SEEMS TO BE A PROMISING STARTING POINT FOR THE ANALYSIS OF THE FOLLOWING PROBLEMS AND QUESTIONS :

THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS.

-IMPACT OF FURTHER IMPROVEMENT OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND OF A POSSIBLE INCREASE OF THE MARKET SHARE FOR SOLID FUELS.

-EFFECT OF EMISSION REDUCTION MEASURES AND POLICIES.

-COST-OPTIMAL EMISSION REDUCTION STRATEGIES.

-WASTE MANAGEMENT FOR THE FOLLOW-UP PRODUCTS.
-CONTRIBUTION OF INTERREGIONAL MEASURES.

IN THE CONTEXT OF THE "ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT" PROBLEMATIC THE ENERGY SUPPLY MODEL EFOM 12C WILL BE EXTENDED TO ALLOW ADEQUATE STUDIES IN THIS FIELD.A GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE EXTENDED MODEL WILL BE SET UP BY IKE, IIP AND STE.THIS GROUP WILL ALSO RUN A PILOT STUDY WITH THE GERMAN ENERGY SYSTEM TO DEMONSTRATE THE USEFULNESS OF THE EXTENDED MODEL.

THE PRESENT CONTRACT DEALS WITH THE APPLICATION OF THE MODEL FOR INVESTIGATIONS ON MULTINATIONAL LEVEL.TO PERFORM SUCH CASE STUDIES A COLLABORATION HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED BETWEEN INSTITUTIONS IN 11 EC COUNTRIES.THE UPDATING OF THE DATA BASE FOR THE IRISH ENERGY SYSTEM AND THE MODEL RUNS FOR IRELAND WILL BE CARRIED OUT BY CRT ACCORDING TO GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS IN ORDER TO GET A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE OF THE ENERGY-ENVIRONMENT PROBLEM.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

Ceann Riar Teoranta
Address
6,Cranford Centre, Montrose,
4 Dublin
Ireland

Participants (14)

CAMBRIDGE ENERGY RESEARCH
United Kingdom
Address

Cambridge
CEETA LISBOA
Portugal
CITEPA
France
Address

Paris
Comitato Nazionale per la Ricerca e per lo Sviluppo dell'Energia Nucleare e delle Energie Alternative
Italy
Address
Viale Regina Margherita 125
00198 Roma
EDP LISBOA
Portugal
ESADE BARCELONA
Spain
ESC ECN PETTEN
Netherlands
Address

Petten
FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JUELICH GMBH
Germany
Address
Wilhelm Johnen Strasse
52425 Juelich
NTUA ATHENS
Greece
RISO NATIONAL LABORATORY
Denmark
Address
Frederiksborgvej 399
UNIVERSITAET STUTTGART
Germany
Address
31,Pfaffenwaldring 31
70569 Stuttgart
UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN-LA-NEUVE
Belgium
Address

Louvain-la-neuve
UNIVERSITY OF LONDON
Address

Queen Mary College
Universität Fridericana Karlsruhe (Technische Hochschule)
Germany
Address
Kaiserstraße 12
76131 Karlsruhe