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Advanced methanol fuel cells for vehicle propulsion (AMFC)

Objective

Objectives and problems to be solved :
A fuel cell system is promising for powering vehicles in order to increase the energy efficiency and reduce emissions. The current PEMFC technology is obstructed by high materials cost and lacking infrastructure for a suitable fuel. The strategy of this project is to develop cost-efficient polymer membranes for operation at >150°C. High CO tolerance at this temperature makes it possible to develop a simple and compact system. Moreover the high operational temperature allows a thermal integration of the fuel cell with the methanol reformer.
Description of the work:
The project aims at developing temperature-resistant polymer membranes and related technologies, including studies of the effect of fuel additives on the catalysts, methanol reforming at low temperatures, catalytic burning of fuel/exhaust for heat supply and exit-cleaning, fuel cell stack construction and thermal interfaces for integration of methanol reformer and fuel cell.
Finally an integrated AMFC power system will be constructed and station-tested for demonstration and evaluation. Transnational efforts from European oil industry, vehicle manufacturing industry and fuel cell system production industry as well as well-qualified R&D groups will be made to ensure a success of the development.
Expected Results and Exploitation Plans:An integrated system consisting of 5 kW stack, methanol reformer and burner will be constructed and tested. This novel concept of integration will make the fuel cell system compact, light, and energy efficient, efficient in cost and simple in construction and operation. High reliability, less maintenance and better transient response capacity will also be potential features of this technology. A fulfilment of the project objectives will sufficiently promote the commercialisation of the fuel cell technology for vehicle propulsion as well as stationary applications and consequently increase the energy efficiency and reduce polluting emissions, which are the main objectives of this Programme.
-Methods for preparing high temperature polymers and membranes, preparation of membrane-electrode assemblies (MEA) for high temperature operation and improvement of long term operation of high temperature PEMFC have been prepared;
-Gas diffusion electrodes for high temperature PEMFC have been fabricated;
-An integrated reformer and afterburner for fuel cells is under construction;
-A material evaluation report for a PEMFC operating with phosphoric acid at elevated temperature has been presented;
-A model for simulating the PEMFC has been made;
-Catalysts for the anode and cathode have been investigated.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts
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Coordinator

VOLVO TECHNOLOGY (CORPORATION)
Address
Sven Hultins Gata 9A, Chalmers Teknikpark, Dept.
412 88 Goeteborg
Sweden

Participants (4)

NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Norway
Address
Alfred Getz Vei 2
7491 Trondheim
STATOIL ASA
Norway
Address
Artitekt Ebbells Veg 10, Rotvoll
7005 Trondheim
TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK
Denmark
Address
Kemitorvet, Building 107
2800 Lyngby
UNIVERSITY OF NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
United Kingdom
Address
Claremont Road, Merz Court
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne