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Plasma & membrane supported catalytic gasoline fuel processor using hydrogen selectic membrans (PMFP)

Objective

Objectives and problems to be solved:
Fuel cell based propulsion systems can help effectively to reduce environmental impacts of mobility. Availability of hydrogen now is one of the most important problems hampering their broad application. The project objective is to develop a new approach of covering gasoline to hydrogen, based on plasma and membrane supported gasoline reformer for on-board hydrogen generation, with high energy density, very high efficiency and flexible operation for fuel cell driven cars. Plasma reactors and membrane modules are to be developed and integrated in a bench demonstrator of the fuel processor for performance evaluation of this approach.
Description of work:
Two different plasma technologies with low temperature microwave torch and a gliding arc torch will be developed in the project. Together with the membrane modules for separating hydrogen from the reaction gas, the plasma generators are integrated in a bench demonstrator. The power range is defined with a maximum fuel input of 40 kW. The results will be tested and evaluated in a realistic model, against a set of evaluation criteria including: energy efficiency, power density and transient response. The problems addressed through this project are relevant for the automotive industry in Europe as a whole. These problems are addressed in an interdisciplinary approach by a consortium of five partners from four countries with excellent complementary competencies, including a leading automotive firm, a word leading membrane supplier, an innovative SME supplier of microwave plasma reactors, a plasma physics institute and an applied research institute with key expertise in plasma catalytic gasoline reforming. The PMFP will be developed primarily for automotive propulsion systems with first application probably in a passenger car. Further more, the main components such as compact microwave or gliding arc plasma gasoline reformer or hydrogen selective membranes can be used for any fuel cell application.
Expected Results and Exploitation Plans:
One of the results of the Project is the feasibility analysis of a pure electrical plasma gasoline reforming based on two different plasma techniques for the on-board generation of hydrogen rich gases. The two bench demonstrators coupled with special hydrogen separation modules as a hydrogen purifying technique are tested. The proof of the feasibility and efficiency of this approach of the production of hydrogen is based on the experimental data with the bench demonstrators in the power range of a maximum fuel input of 40kW of gasoline. The final work is the preparation of the specification for a plasma based gasoline fuel processor using a hydrogen separation membrane for a mobile application in the typical power range of a small passenger car.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

DAIMLERCHRYSLER AG
Address
Wilhelm-runge-strasse 11
89013 Ulm
Germany

Participants (3)

ASSOCIATION POUR LA RECHERCHE ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT DES METHODES ET PROCESSUS INDUSTRIELS
France
Address
Rue Claude Daunesse, Les Lucioles
06904 Sophia Antipolis
MIKROWELLEN UMWELT TECHNOLOGIE GMBH
Germany
Address
Fritz Winkler Strasse 1-2
07749 Jena
UNIVERSIDADE DA MADEIRA
Portugal
Address
Ccpp- Complexo Cientifico E Pedagogico Da Penteada
9000 Funchal