Skip to main content

Carbon content and origin of damage layers in european monuments (CARAMEL)

Objective

This project aims to contribute to the understanding of-black crusts growth in multi-pollutant influenced atmosphere, by focus on the key role of carbon particles as a vector of pollutant transport, deposition and transformation when embedded in patinas. Our comprehensive study will include measurements of soot particles in aerosols and in patinas including the two different fractions organic and elemental carbon. A new methodology for carbon analysis in patinas will be developed and a careful selection of target sites will allow us to constrain the role of the different combustion sources. Also, aesthetic damage to monuments will be related to the soot content of the crust. We will provide a formal and a user-friendly version of the modelling of particle transfer to be utilised for soiling estimates under present conditions and for future scenarios. The ultimate goal is to propose soot-based atmospheric thresholds.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
Address
Avenue De La Terrasse, Bftiment 12
91198 Gif Sur Yvette
France

Participants (3)

COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE
France
Address
Cnrs,orme Des Merisiers, Batiment 709
91191 Gif Sur Yvette
CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
Address
10,Avenida Reina Mercedes 10
41012 Sevilla
UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA
United Kingdom
Address
University Plain
Norwich