This study examines the extent to which land use planning can influence travel patterns, and how planning measures can be used to reduce the environmental impact of transport. Although other studies have examined this issue before, many have only examined the influence of a small number of land use characteristics using fairly simple correlation analysis and most have not taken account of socio-economic reasons for variations in travel in different areas. This study uses more complex multivariate analysis in order to study the interactions between a large range of land use and socio-economic characteristics on travel patterns. The study builds on recent PhD research, which has established a method for examining these interactions. The results of the study will identify the extent to which different land use planning measures influence travel patterns in Britain (GB) and the Netherlands (NL), and the general lessons for land use planning policies in other European Member States.
The main stages of the research are:
- review and assessment of previous empirical research;
- examination and comparison of land use planning in NL and GB;
- analysis of national and local travel survey data from NL and GB, and identification of interactions between land use, socio-economic characteristics and travel patterns;
- comparison and synthesis of results and identification of the key socio-economic and land use characteristics associated with less travel in GB and NL;
- identification of obstacles, barriers and responsibilities associated with the introduction of more sustainable planning policies; and - identification of the wider implications of the research results for European, national and local policy making.