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SILVICULTURE AND BIODIVERSITY OF SCOTS PINE FORESTS IN EUROPE

Objective



Over the last 20 to 30 years economic pressures have resulted in more intensive forest management to maximise timber production. This is exemplified by: - an increased scale of harvesting with a greater removal of biomass (including a growing trend towards whole tree harvesting); - increased control of the regeneration process (by moving from natural regeneration to planting; by increased cultivation; by intensive vegetation and pest control);
- increased crop growth rates (by planting genetically improved stock; by fertilizing);
- more uniform and single species stands (all but the desired crop species removed and all trees of the desired form); - a modification of the natural disturbance pattern and process (eg control and/or reduction of forest fires).
silviculture and Biodiversity of Scots pine forests in Europe
These trends represent an accelerating pace of human induced environmental change in managed forests, and the effects of this change on forest biodiversity are largely unknown. The assumption that they have reduced forest biodiversity is influenced largely by single site or single region studies of individual high profile species (Spellerberg & Sawyer 1993) or as an incidental result of climate and environmental change monitoring networks. Much greater knowledge of the impact of forest management processes on biodiversity is inquired before we can ascertain whether the European forest industry is meeting the 1993 Helsinki guidelines on the sustainable management of forests in Europe.

Funding Scheme

CON - Coordination of research actions

Coordinator

Forestry Commission
Address
Northern Research Station
EH25 9SY Roslin
United Kingdom

Participants (16)

AUSTRIAN RESEARCH CENTRE
Austria
Address

2444 Seibersdorf
BUNDESFORSCHUNGSANSTALT FÜR FORST-UND HOLZWIRTSCHAFT
Germany
Address
Alfred-moller-straße
16225 Eberswalde
Forestry Commission
United Kingdom
Address
Northern Research Station
EH25 9SY Roslin
Forestry Commission
United Kingdom
Address
Northern Research Station
EH25 9SY Roslin
Forestry Commission
United Kingdom
Address
Alice Holt Lodge Wrecclesham
GU10 4LH Farnham
Forestry Commission
United Kingdom
Address
Alice Holt Lodge Wrecclesham
GU10 4LH Farnham
Horticulture Research International
United Kingdom
Address

CV35 9EF Wellesbourne
I.N.I.A
Spain
Address

28080 Madrid
I.N.R.A. - CENTRE DE RECHERCHES D'ORLEANS
France
Address

45160 Ardon
INSTITUTE FOR FORESTRY AND NATURE RESEARCH
Netherlands
Address
Bosrandweg, 20 - P.o. Box 23
6700 AA Wageningen
INSTITUTE OF SILVICULTURE
Austria
Address
Peter Jordan Straße, 70
1190 Vienna
INSTITUTE OF SILVICULTURE
Austria
Address
Peter-jordan-straße
1190 Vienna
SWEDISH UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Sweden
Address

901 83 Umea
UNIVERSITEIT GENT
Belgium
Address
Geraardsbergsesteenweg, 267
9090 Melle
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE CORK
Ireland
Address
Lee Maltings - Prospect Row
Cork
UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND - TRINIYT COLLEGE
Ireland
Address

2 Dublin