Main results are:
- Increase of European competence with technology transfer between partners, two new microbeams (and other outside contract) Increase range of radiations (low- (e.g., fast protons, focused x-rays) to high-LET), accuracy and approaches.
- Importance of cellular signalling at individual cell level, identify source and receptor of signal. Sub-cellular precision (e.g., cytoplasmic versus nuclear targeting). Window on how organised tissues respond. Low dose risk of single tracks and individual electrons.
- Therapy relevance: Potential to test for modulation of radiation effects and signal transduction pathways in tumours and normal tissues by modifiers of radiation effects.
- Development of ideas of relationships of bystander and adaptive responses.